FESS, Simeon Davison

FESS, Simeon Davison
Library of Congress
1861–1936

Biography

FESS, Simeon Davison, a Representative and a Senator from Ohio; born on a farm near Harrod, Allen County, Ohio, December 11, 1861; attended the country schools; graduated from the Ohio Northern University at Ada in 1889; taught American history at Ohio Northern University 1889-1896, graduated from its law department in 1894, dean of the law department 1896-1900, and vice president of the university 1900-1902; graduate student and lecturer at the University of Chicago 1902-1907; president of Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio, 1907-1917; editor and author; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1912; elected as a Republican to the Sixty-third and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1913-March 3, 1923); chairman, Committee on Education (Sixty-sixth and Sixty-seventh Congresses); did not seek renomination, having become a candidate for Senator; chairman of the Republican National Congressional Committee 1918-1922; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1922; reelected in 1928 and served from March 4, 1923, to January 3, 1935; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1934; Republican whip 1929-1933; chairman, Committee on the Library (Sixty-ninth through Seventy-second Congresses); chairman of the Republican National Committee 1930-1932; engaged in literary pursuits; died in Washington, D.C., December 23, 1936; interment in Glen Forest Cemetery, Yellow Springs, Ohio.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Antioch University
Olive Kettering Library

Yellow Springs, OH
Papers: 1905-1936. 1 linear foot and 2 scrapbooks. Chiefly newspapers clippings from his tenure as Antioch College president and service as U.S. senator, printed speeches and writings, and biographical material.

Georgetown University
Lauinger Library, Special Collections

Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in the John C. Fitzpatrick papers.

Herbert Hoover Library

West Branch, IA
Papers: 2 folders (1922-1928); and 1 folder (1933-1936).

Indiana Historical Society

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Correspondence in David Curtis Stephenson papers, 1922-1928.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Papers: 1882-1937. 13 feet; 11,500 items. Correspondence, speeches, campaign material, and other papers relating chiefly to his activities as U.S. senator and his career as president of Antioch College. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Charles E. Hard papers, 1894-1941; Robert Henry Day papers, 1846-1936; and Frank Bartlette Willis papers, 1892-1928. Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Howard Hyde Russell papers, 1840-1946; and John Robert Crouse autograph collection, [15--]-ca. 1946.

University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1934.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Fess, Simeon D. Civics of Ohio. Boston: Ginn & Co., 1911.

___. History of Political Theory and Party Organization in the United States. Boston: Ginn & Co., 1910.

Nethers, John L. " 'Driest of Drys': Simeon D. Fess." Ohio History 79 (Summer-Autumn 1970): 178-92.

___. Simeon D. Fess: Educator & Politician. Brooklyn: Pageant-Poseidon, 1973.

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