ENGLISH, William Hayden

ENGLISH, William Hayden
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
1822–1896

Biography

ENGLISH, William Hayden, (father of William Eastin English), a Representative from Indiana; born in Lexington, Scott County, Ind., August 27, 1822; pursued classical studies at Hanover (Ind.) College; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1846 and commenced practice at Lexington, Ind.; principal clerk of the State house of representatives in 1843; clerk in the United States Treasury Department at Washington, D.C., 1844-1848; secretary of the Indiana State constitutional convention in 1850; member of the State house of representatives in 1851 and 1852 and served as speaker; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-third and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1853-March 3, 1861); chairman, Committee on Post Office and Post Roads (Thirty-fifth Congress); Regent of the Smithsonian Institution 1853-1861; moved to Indianapolis, Ind., at the end of his congressional term; unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States on the Democratic ticket in 1880; author of several books; died at his home in Indianapolis, Ind., February 7, 1896; interment in Crown Hill Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Indiana Historical Society

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1741-1928, approximately 38 feet. Personal and family papers of William Hayden English relating to local, state, and national politics, his business interests, and speeches. The collection also contains documentation of Indianapolis and Indiana history, the Northwest Territory, family papers of early settlers, biographical information on Indiana political figures, and material on military operations. An inventory is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Henry P. Thornton Papers, 1816-1864, 1 box. Subjects include William Hayden English. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.

The Filson Historical Society

Louisville, KY
Papers: In the Reuben T. Durrett Added Papers, 1883-1910, 5 cubic feet. Other authors include William Hayden English. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Indiana State Library

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1734-1870, 12 items. Personal and congressional papers and correspondence and memorabilia of William Hayden English.
Papers: 1842-1862, 1 volume. A scrapbook of newspaper clippings concerning William Hayden English's career.

Indiana University
Lilly Library

Bloomington, IN
Papers: In the William Steele Holman Papers, 1836-1998, amount unknown. Other authors include William Hayden English.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: June 27-August 16, 1800; January 1849. 7 letters. Finding aid in repository.

University of Chicago Library

Chicago, IL
Papers: 1762-1895, 3.75 linear feet. The papers contains William Hayden English's unpublished manuscript on the history of Indiana, original and transcribed manuscripts, secondary material relating to English's research on the people and history of Indiana, and newspaper clippings. Includes personal and political correspondence, legal and judicial records, and photographs that document the early settlement and establishment of government in the territory and state of Indiana. Includes correspondence of Jonathan Jennings, the first governor of Indiana, and various official records of Indiana governors. Also includes letters of William Henry Harrison and Thomas Jefferson. Some material relates to slavery, Native Americans, the capture of Kaskaskia during the Revolution, and military activities in the War of 1812. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Cole, J. R. The life and public services of Winfield Scott Hancock, Major-General, U. S. A. Also, the life and services of Hon. William H. English. Cincinnati: Douglass Brothers, 1880.

English, William Hayden. Conquest of the Country Northwest of the River Ohio, 1778-1783, and Life of Gen. George Rogers Clark. 1895. Reprint, [New York]: Arno Press, [1971].

------. Letter from William H. English, of Indiana: In response to a nomination for reelection to Congress, tendered him by the Democracy of the Second Congressional District. Washington City: Printed at the Office of the Congressional Globe, 1856.

------. The political crisis--the danger and the remedy. Speech of Hon. William H. English, of Indiana, in the House of Representatives, May 2, 1860. [Washington: National Democratic Campaign Committee, 1860].

------. Speech of Hon. W. H. English, of Indiana, on the Smithsonian Institution, in the House of Representatives, February 27, 1855. [Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1855].

Forney, John W. (John Wien). Life and military career of Winfield Scott Hancock. Philadelphia, Pa., [etc.]: Hubbard Bros.; St. Louis, Mo.: Lillingstorr & Co.; [etc., etc., 1880].

Goodrich, Frederick E. (Frederick Elizur). The life and public services of Winfield Scott Hancock, Major-General, U. S. A. By Frederick E. Goodrich. With an introduction by Hon. Frederick O. Prince. Boston: Lee & Shepard, 1880.

House, Albert V. "The Democratic State Central Committee of Indiana in 1880: A Case Study in Party Tactics and Finance." Indiana Magazine of History 58 (September 1962): 179-210.

Keyser, Charles S. (Charles Shearer). The life of William H. English, the Democratic candidate for vice president of the United States. Philadelphia: [Ferguson Bros. & Co., printers, 1880].

Schimmel, Elliot L. "William H. English and the Politics of Self-Deception, 1845-1861." Ph.D. diss., Florida State University, 1986.

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