CUSHING, Thomas

1725–1788

Biography

CUSHING, Thomas, a Delegate from Massachusetts; born in Boston, Mass., March 24, 1725; attended Boston Latin School; was graduated from Harvard College in 1744; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Boston; member of the provincial assembly 1761-1774 and served as speaker; delegate to the Provincial Congress in 1774; Member of the Continental Congress 1774-1776; commissary general of Massachusetts in 1775; declined to be a candidate for election to the Continental Congress in 1779; Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts 1780-1788 and Acting Governor in 1785; delegate to the State constitutional convention which ratified the Federal Constitution in 1788; one of the founders of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; died in Boston, Mass., February 28, 1788; interment in Granary Burial Ground.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

American Antiquarian Society
Manuscripts Department

Worcester, MA
Papers: 1795-1798, 1 volume. A receipt book of Thomas Cushing which reflect his purchases and payments for a great variety of goods and services, dating from March 16, 1795 to December 22, 1798. Each entry verifies the receipt of money paid by Thomas Cushing to the signer of the entry, representing about 300 transactions. The most frequent recipient of monies was Elijah Wittington, who did many kinds of construction work, purchased a large variety of equipment (nails, hinges, pitchforks) and even supplied cocks, hens, a pig, a cow, and a grindstone to Thomas Cushing. Other payments were for labor, wood, planks, posts, house painting, gardening and plowing of various kinds, bread, beef, hay, corn, rails, geese, taxes, carriages and wagons, books, veal, rye meal, ditching a meadow, manure, the construction of a fish pond and, later, the stocking of the pond with trout and salmon, house repairs, fence building, the construction of a wall, and so on. Although the receipt book contains practically nothing of a personal or domestic nature, there are two entries of interest: a payment to Sophia Doulton for 25.00 pounds for ten months' wages, and a payment for $37.92 to Mary Harris "for his sons [sic] board and instruction written on December 31, 1796. There are also a few payments to a Jane Remercier (?), for money due on Thomas Cushing's estate (e.g. December 13, 1796 "Received of Thomas Cushing five dollars on account of money due me from the Estate of the Hon. Tho. Cushing..."

American Philosophical Society Library

Philadelphia, PA
Microfilm: In the Royal Society of Arts Papers, 1754-1806, 2 reels. In selected materials relating to America are materials relating to topics such as agriculture, botany, and commerce, as well as extracts from minutes and committee reports. Subjects covered include Thomas Cushing. A table of contents to the papers is available in the repository.

Cornell University
Carl A. Kroch Library

Ithaca, NY
Papers: In Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume III, 1756-1807, 94 items. Subjects covered include Thomas Cushing.

Dartmouth College
Rauner Special Collections Library

Hanover, NH
Papers: In the John Adams Papers, 1778, 1 page. A letter from John Adams to Thomas Cushing written on December 8, 1778. In the letter, John Adams examines British sentiments towards the United States.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Cushing Family Papers, 1730-1922, 1 box and 1 case. The papers include correspondence, accounts, and documents of Thomas Cushing, including the Resolves establishing a Committee of Correspondence sent by the Virginia House of Burgesses on March 12, 1773 to Thomas Cushing as Speaker of the Massachusetts General Court. Also included in the papers is correspondence between the exporting firm of John De Neufville and Sons, of Holland, and Thomas Cushing, as Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the commission from August 29, 1786 authorizing Thomas Cushing and others to represent Massachusetts at the Annapolis Convention on Trade. The correspondence between Thomas Cushing and the John de Neufville firm concerns goods shipped to Massachusetts by the order of Jonathan Loring Austin and describes the difficulties of shipment due to the war, the low status of American credit, and the sympathies of the Dutch people.
Papers: In the Nathaniel Cushing Papers, 1776-1827, 1 box. Includes letters from Thomas Cushing to John Hancock.
Papers: In the Dennys De Berdt Copybook, 1765-1770, 1 volume. Correspondents include Thomas Cushing.
Papers: In the Benjamin Franklin Papers, ca. 1726-1907, 12 linear feet. Correspondents include Thomas Cushing.
Papers: In the Jacob Kingsbury Papers, ca. 1727-1856, 0.5 linear foot. Correspondents include Thomas Cushing.

The Library of Virginia
Archives Branch

Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Henry Lee Papers, 1768-1816, 1 volume. Other authors include Thomas Cushing. Original papers are located at the Alderman Library, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: In the Cushing Family Papers, 1773-1857, 1 box. The papers include letters to Thomas Cushing from his wife, Deborah Fletcher Cushing, containing observations on the Revolutionary War.
Papers: In the William Cushing Family Papers, 1657-1840, 4 boxes. Includes personal and legal papers of the Cushing family, including deeds, receipts, account books, and wills of various family members, including Thomas Cushing.
Papers: In the Jasper Mauduit Papers, 1760-1767, 1 box. Correspondents include Thomas Cushing.
Papers: In the Samuel Purviance Papers, 1775-1805, 1 folder. Includes a letter from Thomas Cushing to Samuel Purviance in 1775 regarding the Continental Congress and the assumption of America's governance.
Papers: In the Fire Society Papers, 1741-1805, 1 volume. Includes records and treasurer's accounts of the Fire Society of Boston whose members provided mutual aid and assistance in the event of fire to members' homes of places of business. Among the members were Thomas Cushing.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1783, 1 item. A letter from Thomas Cushing to Sam Holton written on March 19, 1783.
Papers: In the Ford Collection, 1769, 1 item. A letter from Thomas Cushing to Captain Darby written on December 16, 1769.
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