COXE, Tench

1755–1824

Biography

COXE, Tench, a Delegate from Pennsylvania; born in Philadelphia, Pa., May 22, 1755; received a liberal schooling; engaged in mercantile pursuits; resigned from the Pennsylvania Militia in 1776, turned Loyalist, and joined the British Army under Howe in 1777; was arrested, paroled, and joined the patriot cause; commissioner to the Federal Convention at Annapolis in 1786; Member of the Continental Congress in 1789; was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Treasury on September 11, 1789, and served until the office was abolished on May 8, 1792; was appointed revenue commissioner June 30, 1792, and served until removed by President Adams; was appointed by President Jefferson purveyor of public supplies and served from 1803 to 1812; was a writer on political and economic subjects; died in Philadelphia, Pa., July 17, 1824; interment in Christ Church Burying Ground.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Bryn Mawr College
The Adelman Collection

Bryn Mawr, PA
Papers: In the Gabriel Duvall Papers, 1803, 1 item. A letter from Gabriel Duvall to Tench Coxe written on August 20, 1803. In the letter, Gabriel Duvall acknowledges receipt of Tench Coxe's "Oath as Purveyor of Public Supplies, to support the constitution of the United States."

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1786-1790, 2 items. Includes letters of Tench Coxe.
Papers: In the William Maclay Papers, 1789-1791, 0.5 linear foot. Subjects covered include Tench Coxe.
Papers: In the Charles Thomson Papers, ca. 1765-1888, 1 linear foot. Correspondents include Tench Coxe. A finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the U.S. Department of the Treasury Records, 1781-1803, 25 items. Persons represented include Tench Coxe. A finding aid is available in the repository.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1812, 1 item. A letter from Tench Coxe to G. W. Schaick written on July 14, 1812.
Papers: In the Ford Collection, 1790, 1 item. A letter from Tench Coxe to Richard Varick, mayor of New York, written on September 7, 1790.

Penn State
Special Collections Library, Paterno Library

University Park, PA
Papers: In the Autographs Collection, 1682-1972, 0.45 cubic foot. Persons represented include Tench Coxe. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Charlotte Hanes Harding Autographs Collection, 1744-1928, 0.45 cubic foot. Correspondents include Tench Coxe. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

The Rosenbach Museum & Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: n.d., 1 item. A letter from Tench Coxe to Samuel M. Fox. In the letter, Tench Coxe writes about his health and business matters, and mentions his embarrassment with reference to the notes of William Coxe, Jr. Tench Coxe also discusses property holdings in his family, and requests that the contents of this letter not be revealed to the Board.
Papers: 1783, 1 item. A letter from Tench Coxe to Jonathan Hudson written on September 23, 1783. In the letter, Tench Coxe accepts a business offer from Jonathan Hudson and requests that Jonathan Hudson send him bank notes or a bill as soon as possible.
Papers: 1821, 1 item. A letter from Tench Coxe to John S. Skinner written on March 22, 1821. In the letter, Tench Coxe mentions that he has written several pieces on the "methods of encouraging manufactures without forcing duties and prohibitions" and expresses the hope that they will be republished. Tench Coxe also requests that he be notified in the event that the essays are published in a newspapers.

University of Virginia Library
Albert H. Small Special Collections Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the James Madison Papers, 1804, 1 item. A letter from James Madison to Tench Coxe written on May 8, 1804. In the letter, James Madison requests that Tench Coxe forward 75 copies of the laws of the United States intended for Louisiana to Governor Claiborne at New Orleans, and 25 copies to Governor Harrison at Ft. Vincennes, for distribution in the Louisiana Territory.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Cooke, Jacob E. Tench Coxe and the Early Republic. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1978.

Coxe, Tench. An Examination of the Conduct of Great Britain. Boston: Printed by Oliver and Munroe, 1808.

------. An Exposition of Some Facts Relative to the Personal Conduct and Business of the Office of Tench Coxe, Purvey of Public Supplies. [Philadelphia: n.p., Dec. 10, 1805.

------. A Memoir of February, 1817. [Philadelphia: n.p., 1817].

------. A View of the United States of America, in a Series of Papers Written at Various Times in the Years Between 1787 and 1794. 1794. Reprint, New York: A.M. Kelly, Bookseller, 1965.

Hutcheson, Harold. Tench Coxe: A Study in American Economic Development. 1938. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, 1982.

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