CAMPBELL, Lewis Davis

1811–1882

Biography

CAMPBELL, Lewis Davis, (uncle of James Edwin Campbell), a Representative from Ohio; born in Franklin, Warren County, Ohio, August 9, 1811; attended the public schools; apprenticed to learn the art of printing 1828-1831; published a Clay Whig newspaper in Hamilton, Ohio, 1831-1835; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1835 and practiced in Hamilton until 1850; engaged in agricultural pursuits; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1840, 1842, and 1844 to the Twenty-seventh, Twenty-eighth, and Twenty-ninth Congresses; elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first, Thirty-second, and Thirty-third Congresses and as an Opposition Party candidate to the Thirty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1857); chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Thirty-fourth Congress); presented credentials as a Republican Member-elect to the Thirty-fifth Congress and served from March 4, 1857, to May 25, 1858, when he was succeeded by Clement L. Vallandigham, who successfully contested the election; was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1858 to the Thirty-sixth Congress; served in the Union Army as colonel of the Sixty-ninth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in 1861 and 1862; appointed by President Andrew Johnson as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Mexico on May 4, 1866, and served until June 16, 1867, when he resigned; elected to the State senate in 1869 and resigned in 1870; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-second Congress (March 4, 1871-March 3, 1873); was not a candidate for reelection in 1872 to the Forty-third Congress; delegate to the third State constitutional convention in 1873; resumed agricultural pursuits; died in Hamilton, Butler County, Ohio, on November 26, 1882; interment in Greenwood Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Andrew Johnson Papers, 1814-1947, 67 linear feet. Correspondents include Lewis D. Campbell. A finding aid is available in the library.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Papers: 1850, 1 item. A letter from Lewis D. Campbell to Lewis G. Cist written on February 5, 1850. In the letter, Lewis Campbell writes regarding "fatal 'mania' that seems to prevail in this God forsaken Hall [Congress]" which leaves him feeling he is "without a party and without friends."
Papers: 1850-1877, 0.25 cubic foot. Letters relating mostly to national and Ohio politics while Lewis D. Campbell was in Congress, 1849-1858.
Papers: 1852, 1 item. A letter from Lewis D. Campbell to Philip Greeley written on April 27, 1852, outlining the strategy the northern Whigs must follow to nominate Winfield Scott at the Baltimore convention in June.
Papers: 1852, 1 item. A letter from Lewis D. Campbell to P. Greely written on July 27, 1852. In the letter, Lewis Campbell writes relating to the presidential candidacy of Franklin Pierce.
Papers: 1855, 1 item. A letter from Lewis Davis Campbell to an unidentified recipient written on March 9, 1855. In the letter, Lewis Campbell writes relative to lecturing in Boston, Massachusetts.
Papers: 1874, 1 item. Autograph of Lewis D. Campbell from the Ohio constitutional convention; verso contains "The Lord's Prayer."
Papers: In the Thomas W. H. Moseley Papers, 1835-1874, approximately 30 items. Other authors include Lewis D. Campbell.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

[Barnes, William Horatio]. Lewis, D. Campbell, of Ohio. [Washington: N.p., 1880?]

Campbell, Lewis Davis. Americanism. [Washington, D.C.: Buell & Blanchard, printers, 1856].

------. Kansas and Nebraska--Georgia and Ohio--free labor and slave labor. [Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1854].

------. Railroads for the West--"Lands for the landless"--and "Virginia abstractions". Speech of Hon. L. D. Campbell ... in the House of Representatives, March 7, 1854, in the Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union, on the bill from the Senate to aid the territory of Minnesota in constructing a railroad for military, postal and other purposes. [Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1854].

------. Speech of Hon. L. D. Campbell, of Ohio, on southern aggression, the purposes of the union, and the comparative effects of slavery and freedom: with a facsimile of the signatures to the articles of association of the Continental Congress. Washington: Printed and for sale by Buell & Blanchard, 1850.

------. Speech of Hon. Lewis D. Campbell, of Ohio, in reply to Mr. Stephens, of Georgia, delivered in the House of Representatives, February 28, 1855. Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1855.

------. Speech of Hon. Lewis D. Campbell .. on the Gardiner and Galphin claims, vindication of Secretary Corwin. [Washington: N.p., 1852].

------. Supremacy of the constitution and laws. [Washington: Buell & Blanchard, printers, 1856].

Van Horne, William E. "Lewis D. Campbell and the Know Nothing Party in Ohio." Ohio History 76 (Autumn 1967): 202-21.

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Committee Assignments

  • House Committee - Ways and Means - Chair
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