CALDWELL, Millard Fillmore

CALDWELL, Millard Fillmore
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
1897–1984

Biography

CALDWELL, Millard Fillmore, a Representative from Florida; born in Knoxville, Knox County, Tenn., February 6, 1897; attended the public schools, Carson-Newman College, Jefferson City, Tenn., the University of Mississippi at Oxford, and the University of Virginia at Charlottesville; during the First World War enlisted in the United States Army on April 3, 1918, was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Field Artillery, and was discharged January 11, 1919; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1922 and commenced practice in Milton, Fla., in 1925; served as prosecuting attorney and county attorney of Santa Rosa County, Fla., 1926-1932; member of the State house of representatives 1929-1932; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-third and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1933-January 3, 1941); was not a candidate for renomination in 1940; resumed the practice of law; Governor of Florida from January 2, 1945, to January 4, 1949; chairman of the National Governors' Conference in 1946 and 1947; chairman of the Regional Board of Control for Southern Regional Education 1948-1950; Administrator, Federal Civil Defense Administration 1950-1952; member and later chief justice of Supreme Court of Florida; engaged in farming, banking, and practice of law; resided in Tallahassee, Fla., until his death October 23, 1984.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of Florida
Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Library

Gainesville, FL
Papers: 1938-1950, 5.8 linear feet. The papers of Millard Fillmore Caldwell contain personal and political correspondence, material on the Florida gubernatorial campaign of 1944, gubernatorial speeches, and correspondence relating to the establishment of the Regional Council for Education. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Florida State Archives

Tallahassee, FL
Papers: 1933-1975, 14.5 cubic feet. This series consists of the papers of Millard Fillmore Caldwell from 1933 to 1975. There is personal correspondence, speeches, business, and financial records from 1955 to 1973. These records document Caldwell's activities after his term as Florida Governor (1945-1949). There are also newspaper clippings from 1933 to 1962 on various subjects of interest to Caldwell, including events during his term as Governor. The clippings are pasted in old volumes of the Congressional Record. This illustrates a paper conservation practice, common during this period, of reusing old volumes for scrapbooks.
Papers: In the Florida Governor (1945-1949: Caldwell) Correspondence, 1945-1949, 41.75 cubic feet. The series contains the official correspondence of Millard F. Caldwell, twenty-ninth governor, from 1945 to 1948. The records reflect the official, constitutional, and political duties of the Office of the Governor. The series consists mainly of incoming and outgoing correspondence filed by general subject area, agency or organizational name, or county name. Correspondence files for 1947 are incomplete, all files after V are missing.
Papers: In the James Bryan Whitfield, ca. 1906-1948, 3 cubic feet. Other authors include Millard Fillmore Caldwell.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Armed Services. Nomination of Millard Frank [sic] Caldwell, Jr. to be Federal Civil Defense Administrator. Hearing before a subcommittee on the Committee on Armed Services, United States Senate, Eighty-second Congress, first session ... Washington: Government Printing Office, 1951.

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