BROWN, Albert Gallatin

BROWN, Albert Gallatin
Library of Congress
1813–1880

Biography

BROWN, Albert Gallatin, a Representative and a Senator from Mississippi; born in Chester District, S.C., May 31, 1813; moved with his parents to Copiah County, Miss., in 1823; attended Mississippi College, Clinton, Miss., and Jefferson College, Washington, Miss.; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1833 and commenced practice in Gallatin, Miss.; member, State house of representatives 1835-1839; elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-sixth Congress (March 4, 1839-March 3, 1841); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1840; judge of the circuit superior court 1842-1843; Governor of Mississippi 1844-1848; elected to the Thirtieth, Thirty-first, and Thirty-second Congresses (March 4, 1847-March 3, 1853); chairman, Committee on the District of Columbia (Thirty-first Congress); was not a candidate for reelection in 1852; elected to the United States Senate in 1854 to fill the vacancy in the term beginning March 4, 1853; reelected in 1859 and served from January 7, 1854, until January 12, 1861, when he withdrew; seat declared vacant by Senate resolution on March 14, 1861; chairman, Committee on the District of Columbia (Thirty-fourth through Thirty-sixth Congresses), Committee on Enrolled Bills (Thirty-sixth Congress); during the Civil War entered the Confederate Army as a captain; elected a member of the Confederate Senate in 1862 and served in the First and Second Confederate Congresses; engaged in agricultural pursuits; died near Terry, Hinds County, Miss., June 12, 1880; interment in Greenwood Cemetery, Jackson, Miss.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 item.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1844, 1866. 8 items. Includes 5 letters to Philip Fendall.

Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Jackson, MS
Papers: 1838-1862. 20 items. Correspondence, photographs and a portrait.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1846-1858. 2 items.

University of Southern Mississippi
McCain Library and Archives

Hattiesburg, MS
Papers: Correspondence in the Alexander Melvorne Jackson papers, 1846-1892.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Cluskey, Michael W., ed. Speeches, Messages and Other Writings of the Hon. Albert G. Brown, a Senator in Congress from the State of Mississippi. Philadelphia: J.B. Smith Co., 1859.

Halsell, Willie D., ed. "Politics in an April Snow Storm." Journal of Mississippi History 31 (November 1969): 348-51.

Holder, Ray. "The Brown-Winans Canvass for Congress, 1849." Journal of Mississippi History 40 (November 1978): 353-73.

McCutchen, Samuel Proctor. "The Political Career of Albert Gallatin Brown." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1930.

Ranck, James Byrne. Albert Gallatin Brown: Radical Southern Nationalist. 1937. Reprint. Philadelphia: Porcupine Press, 1974.

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