ARCHER, William Segar

1789–1855

Biography

ARCHER, William Segar, (nephew of Joseph Eggleston), a Representative and a Senator from Virginia; born at "The Lodge," Amelia County, Va., March 5, 1789; received private instruction; graduated from William and Mary College, Williamsburg, Va., in 1806; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1810 and practiced in Amelia and Powhatan Counties; served four terms in the State house of delegates between 1812 and 1819; elected to the Sixteenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Pleasants; reelected to the Seventeenth and to the six succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1820-March 3, 1835); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1834 to the Twenty-fourth Congress; chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs (Twenty-first through Twenty-third Congresses); elected as a Whig to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1841, to March 3, 1847; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1846; chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations (Twenty-seventh and Twenty-eighth Congresses), Committee on Naval Affairs (Twenty-seventh Congress); resumed the practice of law; died at "The Lodge," in Amelia County, Va., March 28, 1855; interment in a private cemetery at "The Lodge."

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1823, no date. 2 letters. Official correspondence.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1843, 1846. 2 letters.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: June 19, 1834. 1 letter.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections

Albany, NY
Papers: 1 letter (March 13, 1823) to Stephen Van Rensselaer concerning the presidential election.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1844. 1 item.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 11 items in Archer family and other papers. Earlier items personal, most are post-congressional. Finding aids.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Papers: In Archer family papers. Also photographs.

Virginia State Library and Archives

Richmond, VA
Papers: Correspondence in the Tazewell family papers, 1756-1931; and the George Rust, Jr. papers, 1788-1858. Finding aid.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Dictionary of American Biography.

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