APPLETON, Nathan, (cousin of William Appleton), a Representative from Massachusetts; born in New Ipswich, N.H., October 6, 1779; attended the common schools, the local academy in New Ipswich, N.H., and Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.; clerked in his brother's importing house in Boston; one of the founders of the cotton-mill industry of Waltham, Mass.; also one of the founders of the city of Lowell in 1821; served in the Massachusetts house of representatives in 1815, 1816, 1821, 1823, 1824, and 1827; elected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the Twenty-second Congress (March 4, 1831-March 3, 1833); was not a candidate for renomination in 1832 to the Twenty-third Congress; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert C. Winthrop, and served until his resignation on September 28, 1842 (June 9, 1842-September 28, 1842); engaged in mercantile pursuits; died in Boston, Mass., July 14, 1861; interment in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Athenaeum

Boston, MA
Papers: 1846, 1 item. A letter from Nathan Appleton to an unidentified recipient written on July 21, 1846. In the letter, Appleton writes on the subject of cotton manufacturing.
Papers: In the Joseph Hurd Personal and family papers, 1800-1845, 23 items. Persons represented include Nathan Appleton.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 16 letters.

Dartmouth College

Hanover, NH
Papers: In Appleton family papers, 1798-1884. ca. 8 feet. Transcripts and photocopies of originals in other repositories. Unpublished finding aid in repository.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: 1831-1856. 87 items. Letters to Appleton from or about Abbott Lawrence (1792-1855). Unpublished finding aid in repository.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: In the Appleton family papers, 1539-1941; 20 boxes, 93 vols., and 3 oversize folders. Persons represented include Nathan Appleton.
Papers: In the Harriot Appleton Curtis papers, 1790-1874, 1 box. Persons represented include Nathan Appleton.
Papers: In the Curtis-Stevenson family papers, 1775-1920, 15 boxes. Persons represented include Nathan Appleton.
Papers: In the Gregory-Skinner-Howe-Wheeler family papers, 1770- ca. 1989, 24 boxes. The collection also includes Frances W. Gregory's research notes on Nathan Appleton relating to her 1975 book, "Nathan Appleton: Merchant and Entrepreneur: 1779-1861," and drafts of an unpublished work, "Nathan Appleton: Banker, Politician, Unionist."
Photographs: 1860, 1 photograph. A quarter-plate daguerreotype portrait in brass frame of the merchant, manufacturer, banker, and congressman Nathan Appleton (1779-1861). Enclosed with the photograph is a note in an unidentified hand that reads, "Nathan Appleton in the very last years of his life, say about 1860.".

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1825, 1 letter. A letter from Nathan Appleton on December 25, 1825, to Isaac Brooks, register of deeds for Hillsborough County, N.H., pertaining to two deeds Nathan Appleton is returning to him. On pages 2-3 is a reply in a different hand, presumably Isaac Brooks', detailing deeds and conveyances he has looked for in his records for Appleton.

New England Historic Genealogical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: In the Henry James Tudor papers, 1819-1849, 170 items. Persons represented include Nathan Appleton.
Papers: In the Daniel Webster papers, 1813-1852, 17 items. The papers include correspondence with Nathan Appleton concerning a tariff on cotton (1846).
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Appleton, Nathan. An examination of the banking system of Massachusetts, in reference to the renewal of the bank charters. Boston: Stimpson and Clapp, 1831.

------. Introduction of the Power Loom, and Origin of Lowell. Lowell, Mass.: Printed by B.H. Penhallow, 1858.

------. Labor, its Relations in Europe and the United States Compared. Boston: Eastburn's press, 1844.

------. Letter to the Hon. Wm. C. Rives, of Virginia, on slavery and the Union. Boston: J.H. Eastburn's Press, 1860.

------. Memoir of the Hon. Abbott Lawrence, prepared for the Massachusetts historical society. Boston: J.H. Eastburn's Press, 1856.

------. Minimum duties: remarks of Mr. Appleton, of Massachusetts, on Mr. Bouldin's resolution of inquiry, into the nature of minimum duties, House of Representatives, January 21, 1832. Washington: Printed at the office of J. Elliot, 1832.

------. Remarks on currency and banking; having reference to the present derangement of the circulating medium in the United States. Published in 1841, in two editions. Reprint, Boston: J. H. Eastburn's press, 1857.

------. Slavery and the union. Boston: J. Clark & company, [1860].

------. Speech of Mr. Appleton of Massachusetts on the bill to reduce and otherwise alter the duties on imports: delivered in the House of Representatives, in Committee of the Whole, Jan. 23, 1833. Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1833.

------. What is a revenue standard? and a review of Secretary Walker's report on the tariff. Boston: Eastburn's press, 1846.

Gannett, Ezra S. Religion conducive to prosperity in this life. A sermon preached July 21, 1861, the Sunday after the funeral of the late Hon. Nathan Appleton, of Boston. Boston: J.H. Eastburn's press, 1861.

Gregory, Francis W. Nathan Appleton, Merchant and Entrepreneur, 1779-1861. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1975.

Palfrey, John Gorham. Correspondence between Nathan Appleton and John G. Palfrey intended as a supplement to Mr. Palfrey's pamphlet on slave power. Boston: Eastburn's press, 1846.

Sheppard, J. H. Sketch of Hon. Nathan Appleton, LL. D. [Boston?: Printed by D. Clapp & Son?, 1862].

Winthrop, Robert Charles. Memoir of the Hon. Nathan Appleton, LL.D. 1861. Reprint. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1969.

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