ANDERSON, John Alexander

1834–1892

Biography

ANDERSON, John Alexander, a Representative from Kansas; born near Pigeon Creek, Washington County, Pa., June 26, 1834; attended public and private schools; was graduated from Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, in 1853; ordained a Presbyterian minister in 1857 and began preaching in Stockton, Calif.; elected trustee of the State insane asylum in 1860; appointed chaplain of the Third Regiment, California Volunteer Infantry, in 1862; accompanied General Connor's expedition to Salt Lake City in July 1862; mustered into the Federal service March 1863; resigned June 1863; California correspondent and agent of the United States Sanitary Commission 1863-1865; moved to Junction City, Kans., in 1868, where he erected the First Presbyterian Church, of which he was pastor for five years; regent of the University of Kansas in 1872 and 1873; president of the Kansas State Agricultural College 1873-1879; elected as a Republican to the Forty-sixth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1879-March 3, 1887); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1886 but was elected as an Independent Republican to the Fiftieth Congress and reelected as a Republican to the Fifty-first Congress (March 4, 1887-March 3, 1891); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1890; appointed United States consul general to Cairo, Egypt, March 4, 1891, and remained there until shortly before his death in a hospital in Liverpool, England, May 18, 1892, en route to his home; interment in Highland Cemetery, Junction City, Kans.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Kansas State Historical Society

Topeka, KS
Papers: In Anderson family papers, 1802-1905. ca. 650 items. Correspondence and papers relating to his pastorates, Civil War service, and presidency of Kansas State Agricultural College. Meager correspondence reflects congressional and diplomatic service. Finding aid in repository. Also on microfilm.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: In the Frederick Newman Knapp papers, 1848-1904, 6 boxes. Correspondents include John A. Anderson.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Anderson, John Alexander. The tariff. [Washington: Government Printing Office, 1884].

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