ALLEN, William

1803–1879

Biography

ALLEN, William, a Representative and a Senator from Ohio; born in Edenton, Chowan County, N.C., December 18 or December 27, 1803; moved to Lynchburg, Va., and attended private schools; moved to Chillicothe, Ohio, in 1819; attended Chillicothe Academy; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1827 and commenced practice in Chillicothe; elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-third Congress; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1834 to the Twenty-fourth Congress; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in January 1837; reelected in 1843, and served from March 4, 1837, to March 3, 1849; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1849; chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations (Twenty-ninth Congress); retired to his estate, "Fruit Hill," near Chillicothe, Ross County, Ohio, and engaged in farming and stock raising; Governor of Ohio 1874-1876; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1875; resumed agricultural pursuits; died at "Fruit Hill," July 11, 1879; interment in Grand View Cemetery, Chillicothe, Ohio.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Cincinnati Historical Society

Cincinnati, OH
Papers: 1840-1841. 2 items.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1821-1879. 5 feet. Correspondence, speeches, memoranda, financial records, printed material, photographs, and other papers largely related to service as senator (1837-1848) and governor (1873-1875) including material concerning his support of Texas annexation, the Mexican War, Oregon claims, greenback movement, land surveys, and Ohio politics.
Additional Papers: In the Benjamin Tappan papers, 1795-1900. Available on 11 microfilm reels. Finding aid.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Papers: 1874-1876. .75 foot. Gubernatorial, business and personal papers, and photographs. Includes recommendations for appointments, requisitions, warrants, vouchers, and orders for transportation of soldiers. Miscellaneous letters in other collections including the Allen Cranberry Thurman papers, 1830-1890.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library

Rochester, NY
Papers: 20 letters by Allen (1838-1872) in various collections. Finding aid.

Xavier University
McDonald Memorial Library

Cincinnati, OH
Papers: 5 letters (1836-1843) in the Moses Dawson collection of political letters of the Jacksonian period, 1811-1845. Available on microfilm. Finding aid.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Carroll, Howard. "William Allen." In Twelve Americans: Their Lives and Times, pp. 301-30. 1883. Reprint. Freeport, NY: Books For Libraries Press, 1971.

McGrane, Reginald Charles. William Allen: A Study in Western Democracy. Columbus: Ohio State Archaeological Historical Society, 1925.

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