HAND, Edward

1744–1802

Biography

HAND, Edward, a Delegate from Pennsylvania; born in Clyduff, County Kings, Ireland, December 31, 1744; accompanied the Eighteenth Royal Irish Regiment to the United States as surgeon's mate in 1774, but resigned; Continental Army, 1775-1778; commanded a brigade of the Light Infantry Corps in August 1780; adjutant general, United States Army, 1781-1783; brevetted major general September 30, 1783; mustered out November 3, 1783; physician; Member of the Continental Congress in 1783 and 1784; major general, United States Army, 1798-1800; died in Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pa., September 3, 1802; interment in St. James's Episcopal Cemetery, Lancaster, Pa.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1771-1807, 1.5 linear feet. The papers include correspondence, orderly books, revenue account books, and letters written by Edward Hand, including 109 letters to his wife.
Papers: 1776, 2 volumes. These orderly books of Edward Hand contain records of arrests, descriptions of court martials, and daily duty assignments.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1777-1801, 8 items. Papers of Edward Hand.
Microfilm: In the Peter Force Papers, 1775-1846, 2 microfilm reels. The microfilm was produced from transcripts in the Manuscript Division.
Papers: ca. 1779, 2 maps. These two maps are in pen-and-ink and watercolor. The maps are probably theoretical and strategic plans composed by General Hand at the time of his traverse of the Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania during the Sullivan Indian Campaign of 1779. The battle plan shows the names of military commanders.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1779, 1 item. A letter from Edward Hand to General Schuyler written on March 8, 1779. Edward Hand requests information about the Indian country.

The New York Public Library
Rare Books and Manuscripts Division

New York, NY
Papers: 1775-1801, 0.3 linear foot. The collection consists mainly of correspondence of Edward Hand. The correspondence is from when Edward Hand was stationed at Fort Pitt, dealing with the defense of the Pennsylvania frontier. The papers also include letters relating chiefly to matters of transportation and supply for Sullivan's expedition against the Indians. There are also letters while Edward Hand was adjutant general concerning various details of Army administration. Correspondents include Jasper Yeates, relating to the American Revolution. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
Division of Archives and Manuscripts

Harrisburg, PA
Papers: 1777-1802, 7 folders. The papers consist primarily of personal letters sent to Edward Hand by military acquaintances, discussing to military matters, and requesting favors and advice. A finding aid is available in the repository. The collection is also available on microfilm.

University of Pennsylvania
Special Collections, Van Pelt Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1790-1791, 2 items. The papers include letters from Edward Hand to Samuel Powel concerning the cultivation of oats.

University of Pittsburgh
University Library System, Darlington Library

Pittsburgh, PA
Papers: 1777-1785, 26 items. The papers include letters written by General Edward Hand from Fort Pitt and to him from other forts. Much of the correspondence is with Archibald Lochry, who was from Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, and relates to the defense of the frontier during the revolution. A force under Archibald Lochry's command was massacred in 1781 as they attempted to sail down the Ohio River to join George Rogers Clark's projected expedition against Detroit. This threw the frontier into a panic. An index to the papers is available in the repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Forry, Richard Reuben. "Edward Hand: His Role in the American Revolution." Ph. D. diss., Duke University, 1976.

Hand, Edward. The Unpublished Revolutionary Papers of Major-General Edward Hand of Pennsylvania, 1777-1784. New York: N.p., 1907.

Shelley, Mary Virginia. Dr. Ed: The Story of General Edward Hand. Lititz, PA: Sutter House, 1978.

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