BRECKINRIDGE, William Campbell Preston

BRECKINRIDGE, William Campbell Preston
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1837–1904

Biography

BRECKINRIDGE, William Campbell Preston, (grandson of John Breckinridge, uncle of Levin Irving Handy, and great–uncle of John Bayne Breckinridge), a Representative from Kentucky; born in Baltimore, Md., August 28, 1837; attended the common schools, Jefferson College, Chambersburg, Pa., and Pisgah Academy, Woodford County, Ky.; was graduated from Centre College, Danville, Ky., in 1855 and from the law department of the University of Louisville in 1857; was admitted to the bar in 1857 and commenced practice in Lexington, Ky.; entered the Confederate Army in 1861 as captain and was subsequently promoted to the rank of colonel in the Ninth Kentucky Cavalry; was in command of the Kentucky cavalry designated to act as bodyguard for President Jefferson Davis and the members of his cabinet at the close of the Civil War; returned to Lexington, Ky., and was attorney for Fayette County; edited the Lexington (Ky.) Observer and Reporter 1866-1868; professor of equity and jurisprudence in the University of Kentucky at Lexington; delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1876 and 1888; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-ninth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1885-March 3, 1895); unsuccessful candidate for election in 1896 to the Fifty-fifth Congress; resumed the practice of law and also edited the Lexington Herald; died in Lexington, Ky., November 18, 1904; interment in Lexington Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Brigham Young University
Special Collections and Manuscripts Department, Harold B. Lee Library

Provo, UT
Papers: 1879, 1 item. A letter from William Campbell Preston Breckinridge written on August 4, 1879. In the letter, William Breckinridge endorses the recommendation of John A. Pratt as U.S. District Judge for Kentucky.
Papers: 1888, 1 item. A letter William Campbell Preston Breckinridge written on January 19, 1888. In the letter, William Breckinridge writes about a message being forwarded to Lexington, Kentucky.

The Filson Historical Society
Special Collections

Louisville, KY
Papers: 1884-1888, 3 items. Letters of a routine nature providing and seeking information, and answering queries.

Kentucky Historical Society Library

Frankfort, KY
Papers: 1889, 1 leaf. A letter from the secretary of war concerning a proposed military post at Lexington, Ky., 1889 Dec. 11. This item is a letter contained in a report from the U.S. House of Representatives, ex. doc. no. 44. The letter from W.C.P. Breckinridge offers on behalf of the citizens of Lexington, Kentucky, to donate land for a proposed military post and cavalry station at that city.
Papers: 1890, 1 item. A letter from James E. Peyton to W.C.P. Breckinridge written on January 21, 1890. In the letter, James Peyton writes concerning a pamphlet which James Peyton mailed to W.C.P. Breckinridge. It was prepared in crude form by James Peyton and would "inform you of how our distinguished countryman was relieved of trouble in his declining years." James Peyton goes on to disclose he had received an autographed letter of Judge Robert Todd's. It was sent to him by Colonel Todd of Frankfort, Kentucky. Judege Todd was a Supreme Court justice.
Papers: In the H.L. Martin Papers, ca. 1882-1949, 6.5 cubic feet. Correspondents include William Campbell Preston Breckinridge. A finding aid is available in the library.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Thomas F. Bayard Papers, ca. 1780-1899, 49.6 linear feet. Correspondents include William Campbell Preston Breckinridge. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Breckinridge Family Papers, ca. 1752-1965, 263 linear feet. Persons represented include William Campbell Preston Breckinridge. A finding aid is available in the library and online.
Papers: In the Roger Jones Family Papers, ca. 1649-1896, approximately 7,000 items. Correspondents include William Campbell Preston Breckinridge. A finding aid is available in the library.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1882, 1 item. A letter from William Campbell Preston Breckinridge to an unidentified recipient written on April 14, 1882. In the letter, William Breckinridge recommends C.L. Scott.

Washington and Lee University
Special Collections, Leyburn Library

Lexington, VA
Papers: In the William Lyne Wilson Papers, ca. 1852-1901, approximately 550 items. Correspondents include William Campbell Preston Breckinridge.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Breckinridge, William Campbell Preston. Address at the decoration of the graves of the Confederate dead. Lexington: Observer & Reporter print, 1869.

------. Address delivered at the centennial celebration of the settlement of Breckinridge County. Frankfort, Ky.: Printed at the Kentucky Yoeman Office, Major, Johnston & Barrett, 1882.

------. "The ex-Confederate, and what he has done in peace." An address delivered before the Association of the Army of Northern Virginia at the meeting held in Richmond, Va., October 26, 1892, by Wm. C. P. Breckinridge. Printed by order of the Association. Richmond: J. L. Hill Print. Co., 1892.

------. Great debate on the tariff. For free trade. [New York: M. J. Ivers & Co., 1888].

------. A plea for a history of the Confederate war: an address at the decoration of the Confederate graves in Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, Kentucky, May 26, 1879. Louisville: J.P. Morton & co., printers, 1887.

Davis, William C. Breckinridge: Statesman, Soldier, Symbol. 1974. Reprint, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1992.

Hay, John. William McKinley. Memorial address delivered by John Hay ... in the hall of the House of Representatives, February 27th, 1902. [Lexington, Ky.]: Transylvania Press, [1902].

Klotter, James C. The Breckinridges of Kentucky, 1760-1981. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1986.

Knight, William Eliot. The Wm. C. P. Breckinridge defence [sic]. Colfax, Ia.: The Weekly Clipper, 1895.

Lexington, Fayette, pseud. The celebrated case of Col. W.C.P. Breckinridge and Madeline Pollard. Chicago: The Current events Publishing Company, 1894.

Parker, Agnes. The real Madeleine Pollard. A diary of ten weeks' association with the plaintiff in the famous Breckinrindge-Pollard suit. New York: G. W. Dillingham, 1894.

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