BLOOMFIELD, Joseph

1753–1823

Biography

BLOOMFIELD, Joseph, a Representative from New Jersey; born in Woodbridge, Middlesex County, N.J., October 18, 1753; educated at Rev. Enoch Green's school in Deerfield, N.J.; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1775 and commenced practice in Bridgeton, N.J.; entered the Revolutionary Army as captain of the Third New Jersey Regiment on February 9, 1776; attained the rank of major; resumed the practice of law in Burlington, N.J.; registrar of the admiralty court 1779-1783; State attorney general from 1783 to 1792, when he resigned; trustee of Princeton College from 1793 until his resignation in 1801; Governor of New Jersey 1801-1812; commissioned brigadier general on March 13, 1812, and served until June 15, 1815; elected as a Republican to the Fifteenth Congress and reelected to the Sixteenth Congress (March 4, 1817-March 3, 1821); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to the Seventeenth Congress; died in Burlington, Burlington County, N.J., October 3, 1823; interment in St. Mary's Episcopal Churchyard.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

New Jersey Historical Society

Newark, NJ
Papers: 1776, 1 volume. Joseph Bloomfield journal, 1776.
Papers: 1776-1819, 20 items and 1 volume. Correspondence, bill, receipts, and other papers (1789-1819); together with journal (1776) kept during Joseph Bloomfield's service as captain of a company in the 3rd Regiment, New Jersey Continental Line, primarily in the Mohawk Valley, N.Y.
Papers: In the Boggs Family Papers, 1737-1950, 5 linear feet. Persons represented include Joseph Bloomfield. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Jonathan Dayton Papers, 1788-1821, 69 items. Other authors include Joseph Bloomfield. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Edwin A. Ely Autograph Collection, ca. 1663-1890, 250 items. Persons represented include Joseph Bloomfield.
Papers: In the Jacob Stern Thomson Papers, 1765-1844, 4 feet. Persons represented include Joseph Bloomfield.
Papers: In the Stevens Family Papers, 1663-1959, 60 linear feet. Persons represented include Joseph Bloomfield. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Connecticut Historical Society

Hartford, CT
Papers: In the Blacks in Connecticut and New England Collections, 1720-1893, approximately 100 items. Other authors include Joseph Bloomfield.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Marian S. Carson Collection of Manuscripts, ca. 1656-1995, 26.4 linear feet. Individuals represented include Joseph Bloomfield. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1814, 1 item. A letter from Robert Sterry to John Boileau pertaining to General Joseph Bloomfield's orders for the requisition of militia during the War of 1812.

Morristown National Historical Park

Morristown, NJ
Papers: In the Lloyd Waddell Smith Collection, 1776-1778, 1 volume. The collection includes Major Bloomfield's journal (1776-1778). An inventory is available in the library and online.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: In the Henry Dearborn Letterbooks, 1812-1813, 2 volumes. Correspondents include Brigadier General Joseph Bloomfield.

Rosenbach Museum & Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the John G. Sluyter Letter and Bill : Morristown, 1792-1793, 4 items. Persons represented include Joseph Bloomfield.

Rutgers University
Department of Special Collections and Archives, Alexander Library

New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: ca. 1789-1819, 14 items. A collection of papers written or signed by Joseph Bloomfield, including a letter sent, 1789, relating to a legal matter; a letter of attorney, 1790, relating to land in Maryland in which Joseph Bloomfield's wife had an interest; receipts and orders, 1812-1813, signed by Bloomfield during the War of 1812, with a related letter, 1813, pertaining to a voucher; and a brief cover letter, 1819, lacking any enclosures. Accompanying the other items is the will, 1785-1786, of Joseph Bloomfield's brother-in-law Joseph McIlvaine (of Bucks County, Pennsylvania).
Papers: In the Ebenezer Elmer Papers, 1774-1814, 2 volumes and 4 items. Other authors include Joseph Bloomfield.

University of Chicago Library
Butler-Gunsaulus Collection

Chicago, IL
Papers: 1818, 1 item. A letter from Joseph Bloomfield to Elias Boudinot written on July 3, 1818. The letter relates to alterations to the constitution of the New Jersey Bible Society.

University of Michigan
William L. Clements Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In the War of 1812 Collection: Bloomfield-Pike Letterbook, 1812, 71 items. Persons represented include Joseph Bloomfield. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Wisconsin Historical Society
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: 1797, 1 folder. A letter from Joseph Bloomfield, mayor of Burlington, New Jersey, to Thomas Mifflin, governor of Pennsylvania, written in 1797. In the letter, Joseph Bloomfield discusses the spread of a contagious disease from the West Indies by ships coming into Burlington, and asks for redress of the grievance from the governor.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bloomfield, Joseph. Citizen Soldier: The Revolutionary War Journal of Joseph Bloomfield. Edited by Mark E. Lender, James Kirby Martin. Newark: New Jersey Historical Society, 1982.

New Jersey. Supreme Court. Cases adjudged in the Supreme Court of New-Jersey, relative to the manumission of Negroes and others holden in bondage: collected and published by the late Governor Joseph Bloomfield. Burlington: Printed for "The New-Jersey Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery," by Isaac Neale, 1794. Reprint, by Franklin Ferguson. Camden, N.J.: Printed for Josiah Harrison, 1843.

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