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BLAND, Theodorick

1742–1790

Biography

BLAND, Theodorick, (nephew of Richard Bland), a Delegate and a Representative from Virginia; born at Cawsons, on the Appomattox River, near Petersburg, Prince George County, Va., March 21, 1742; was sent to England to be educated; studied medicine in Edinburgh and was admitted to practice; returned to his home in 1759 and engaged in extensive practice; took an active part in the Revolutionary War; entered the Continental Army as captain of the First Troop of Virginia Cavalry; Member of the Continental Congress 1780-1783; appointed by Governor Henry as lieutenant of Prince George County Militia in 1785; member, State house of delegates, 1786-1788; member of the Virginia convention of 1788 on the adoption of the Federal Constitution and was one of the minority which opposed its ratification; elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the First Congress and served from March 4, 1789, until his death in New York City June 1, 1790; interment in Trinity Churchyard; reinterred in the Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C., August 31, 1828.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library

Williamsburg, VA
Papers: In the Norborne Berkeley Botetourt Papers, 1768, 1 page. A certification of Theodorick Bland as clerk of the Prince George County Court.

Copley Press, Inc.
J. S. Copley Library

La Jolla, CA
Papers: 1788, 2 pages. A letter from Theodorick Bland to Dr. Arthur written on June 13, 1788. In the letter, Theodorick Bland writes about the country, amendments to the Constitution, and direct taxation.
Papers: In the George Washington Papers, 1778, 2 pages. A letter from George Washington to Colonel Theodorick Bland written on April 18, 1778. In the letter, George Washington relates the necessity of continuing recruitment for the Cavalry.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1742-1783, 20 items.
Papers: In the George Washington Papers, ca. 1592-1943, 215.2 linear feet. Correspondents include Theodorick Bland. The papers are also accessible on microfilm. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore, MD
Papers: In the James Teackle Dennis Papers, 1651-1917, 2 boxes. Correspondents include Theodorick Bland. A finding aid is available in the repository.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections

Albany, NY
Papers: In the James Madison Papers, 1781, 2 pages. A letter from James Madison and Theodorick Bland to Thomas Jefferson. The letter describes the threat posed by Benedict Arnold, who had defected to the British. James Madison requests a plan on how to deal with Benedict Arnold.

The Rosenbach Museum & Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the Indiana Company Records, 1779-1792, 1 volume. Persons represented include Theodorick Gland.

University of Virginia Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the Bland-Ruffin Papers, 1741-1865, approximately 100 items. Correspondents include Theodorick Bland concerning family and social news, financial matters and management of his plantations, camp life with the Continental Army, military administrative matters, Virginia Loyalists, and politics in Prince George County, Virginia. A finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Carter Family Papers, 1682-1789, 9 items. Includes an account of court costs of a suit between Theodorick Bland and Thomas Waring.
Papers: In the Irvine Family Papers, 1745-1914, 3000 items. Other authors include Theodorick Bland. A guide to the papers is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1780, 1 item. A letter from Thomas Jefferson to Richard Bland written on July 28, 1780. In the letter, Thomas Jefferson requests certificates for the number of arms carried by Richard Bland's regiment at the time it entered the Continental service because this certificate is needed for settling of accounts between Virginia and Congress.
Papers: In the Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1780, 1 item. A letter from Thomas Jefferson to the Virginia delegates in Congress, including Richard Bland, written on December 18, 1780. In the letter, Thomas Jeffersion gives his opinion of the best stations for French warships in American waters.
Papers: In the James Madison Papers, 1782, 1 item. A letter from James Madison and Theodorick Bland to Benjamin Harrison written on May 14, 1782. The letter regards debates in Congress on the cession of Virginia's western lands, the battle of Saint Kitts, and the arrival of Guy Carleton in the U.S. with peace proposals from Great Britain.
Papers: In the James Madison Papers, 1790, 1 page. A letter from James Madison to Elizabeth House Trist written on May 27, 1790. James Madison writes of a book he sent to "Bronze," and the influenza epidemic which has left Colonel Bland extremely ill.
Papers: In the Papers of Virginia Members of the Continental Congress, 1767-1820, 12 items. Papers include a will of Abraham Bywater from 1767, attested by Theodorick Bland.
Papers: In the Payroll and Muster Roll of Revolutionary War Troops, 1779, 2 items. The payroll from November 1779 lists soldiers of the Continental Line Light Dragoons, First Regiment, commanded by Theodorick Bland.
Papers: In the Edmund Ruffin Papers, 1741-1865, 98 items. Includes papers of Theodorick Bland, collected by Edmund Ruffin and relating to Theodorick Bland's Revolutionary War service, particularly his activities as overseer of Hessian troops held in Albemarle County, Virginia. A finding aid is available in the repository
Papers: In the Virginia Papers Collection, 1748-1816, 6 items. The papers include an indenture from March 5, 1787, transferring 1300 acres to Cumberland and Prince Edward counties, Virginia. The indenture is attested to by Theodorick Bland and St. George Tucker.
Papers: In the George Washington Papers, 1779, 2 pages. A letter from George Washington to Theodorick Bland written on February 28, 1779. In the letter, George Washington orders Theodorick Bland to oversee the convention barracks of Hessian prisoners at Charlottesville, Virginia.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Bland Family Papers, 1713-1825, 236 items. The papers mainly include correspondence of Dr. Theodorick Bland, discussing topics such as the British occupation of Portsmouth, Virginia. Also includes Theodorick Bland's legal and estate papers for the "Cawsons" in Prince George County, and "Springfield" in Amelia County, Virginia.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bland, Theodorick, and Charles Campbell, ed. The Bland Papers: Being a Selection from the Manuscripts of Colonel Theodorick Bland, Mr.; To Which are Prefixed an Introduction, and a Memoir of Colonel Bland. Petersburg, Va.: E. & J.C. Ruffin, 1840-1843.

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