BARTLETT, Josiah, (father of Josiah Bartlett, Jr.), a Delegate from New Hampshire; born in Amesbury, Mass., November 21, 1729; attended the public schools; studied medicine, and commenced practice in Kingston, N.H., in 1750; was medical agent to Gen. John Stark at Bennington; member of the colonial legislature of New Hampshire 1765-1775; Member of the Continental Congress in 1775, 1776 and 1778; signer of the Articles of Confederation and second signer of the Declaration of Independence; chief justice of the court of common pleas in 1778; became justice of the superior court in 1784 and chief justice in 1788; member of the convention which framed the Federal Constitution in 1787; in 1789 was elected to the United States Senate from New Hampshire, but declined, and at the same time resigned as chief justice; Governor of the State of New Hampshire 1790-1794; member of the constitutional convention of 1792 which changed the title from president to that of Governor; retired in 1794; died in Kingston, N.H., May 19, 1795; interment in the Plains Cemetery, in rear of the Universalist Church.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Josiah Bartlett Family Papers, 1710-1931, 11.6 linear feet. The collection includes correspondence, diaries, speeches, notebooks, legal and financial papers, genealogical material, printed matter, photographs, maps, and other papers reflecting the professional affairs of rural New England physicians and the daily activities and concerns of a rural New England family in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. Topics include the War of 1812, politics in New Hampshire, the Missouri Compromise, slavery, the Seminole War, the Panic of 1837, life in the United States Navy, military hospitals during the Civil War, and commerce in New England following the war. Microfilm is also available of the collection. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Copley Press
J.S. Copley Library

La Jolla, CA
Papers: 1777, 1 page. A letter from Josiah Bartlett to an unidentified recipient written on April 9, 1777. This letter pertains to the nomination of officers.
Papers: 1776, 2 pages. A letter from Josiah Bartlett to Colonel William Whipple written on September 3, 1776. In the letter, Josiah Bartlett reports that Lord Howe has made a hollow overture to the Continental Congress, replete with false promises of Independence.
Papers: In the John Langdon Papers, 1776, 3 pages. A letter from John Langdon to Josiah Bartlett written on June 14, 1776. In the letter, John Langdon details the half-completed construction of a ship, and the recommendation of field officers and surgeons for the New Hampshire Regiment.

Cornell University
Carl A. Kroch Library

Ithaca, NY
Papers: In Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume 13, 1771-1832. Subjects covered include Josiah Bartlett.

Dartmouth College
Rauner Special Collections Library

Hanover, NH
Papers: 1774-1794, 0.5 linear foot. The collection includes private and public papers relating to his involvement in the American Revolution, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the presidency and governorship of New Hampshire.
Papers: In the Peter Gilman Papers, 1773, 1 page. A letter from Peter Gilman to Josiah Bartlett written on August 14, 1773. In the letter, Peter Gilman proposes that he accompany the governor on a visit to Dartmouth College.
Papers: In the William Whipple Papers, 1778, 4 pages. A letter from William Whipple to Josiah Bartlett written on September 7, 1778. In the letter, William Whipple writes about the American Revolution.

The John Work Garrett Library Evergreen House

Baltimore, MD
Papers: In the Signers Collection, 1770-1826, 60 documents. This collections consists documents of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Subjects covered include Josiah Bartlett. A container list is available in the repository.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: In the W. C. Ford Collection, 1760, 1 item. An autographed affidavit from January 16, 1760.
Papers: 1777, 1 item. An order for the arrest of Stephen Holland written on April 22, 1777, signed by Josiah Bartlett.
Papers: 1778, 1 item. A roll of travel and attendance from May 19, 1778 signed by Josiah Bartlett.
Papers: 1791, 1 item. A proclamation for a day of humiliation, fasting, and prayer, signed by Josiah Bartlett, President of New Hampshire.
Papers: 1791, 1 item. A letter from Josiah Bartlett to the Members of Congress written on June 3, 1791. In the letter, Josiah Bartlett makes various suggestions.
Papers: 1792, 1 item. A letter from Josiah Bartlett to N. Gilman written on December 5, 1792.

New Hampshire Historical Society

Concord, NH
Papers: In the Bartlett Family Papers, 1710-1918, approximately 700 items. The papers include correspondence, essays, biographical material, and legal, financial, and other papers of Josiah Bartlett. A finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Bartlett Family Papers, 1743-1888, 6 boxes. The papers of Josiah Bartlett include correspondence, business and legal papers, and records of New Hampshire Medical Society. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

Scranton, PA
Papers: In the Mrs. James Lewis Hook Autograph Collection, 1752-1810, 22 items. Signers represented include Josiah Bartlett.

University of Pennsylvania
Special Collections, Van Pelt Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In United States Continental Congress Miscellaneous Manuscripts, 1776-1778, 3 items. Other authors include Josiah Bartlett.

The Winterthur Library
Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera

Winterthur, DE
Microfilm: 1743-1795, 7 microfilm reels. These papers include account and day books, correspondence and other loose papers which document Josiah Bartlett's personal life, medical practice, and service as selectman, legislator, member of the Continental Congress, justice of the peace, judge and governor of New Hampshire.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bartlett, Josiah. The Papers of Josiah Bartlett. Edited by Frank C. Mevers. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1979.

Page, Elwin L. "Josiah Bartlett and the Federation," Historical New Hampshire 2 (October 1947): 1-6.

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