BANKHEAD, John Hollis

BANKHEAD, John Hollis
Library of Congress
1842–1920

Biography

BANKHEAD, John Hollis, (father of John Hollis Bankhead II and William Brockman Bankhead, and grandfather of Walter Will Bankhead), a Representative and a Senator from Alabama; born in Moscow, Marion (now Lamar) County, Ala., September 13, 1842; attended the common schools; planter; served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War as captain in the Alabama Infantry; member, State house of representatives 1865-1867 and again in 1880 and 1881; member, State senate 1876-1877; warden of the State penitentiary at Wetumpka 1881-1885; moved to Fayette, Ala., in 1885 and resumed planting; in 1912 moved to Jasper, Ala.; elected as a Democrat to the Fiftieth and to the nine succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1887-March 3, 1907); chairman, Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds (Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1906; appointed a member of the Inland Waterways Commission in 1907; appointed and subsequently elected to the United States Senate in 1907 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John T. Morgan; reelected in 1912 and 1918 and served from June 18, 1907, until his death in Washington, D.C., March 1, 1920; chairman, Committee on Standards, Weights, and Measures (Sixty-second Congress), Committee on Post Office and Post Roads (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses), Committee on Expenditures in the Department of Interior (Sixty-sixth Congress); interment in Oak Hill Cemetery, Jasper, Ala.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Alabama Department of Archives and History

Montgomery, AL
Papers: 1865-1923, and no date. 35 cubic feet. Primarily documents his career as a senator, although his elections to various offices and his personal financial life are extensively documented. Senatorial records include correspondence and subject files pertaining to the U. S. Post Office, river navigation and hydroelectric power, politics, prohibition, agriculture, labor, Good Roads program, tariffs, foreign affairs, and other topics. Also includes speeches, clippings, scrapbooks, photographs, and portrait. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in the Frank W. Boykin papers, 1911-1972; the Joseph F. Johnson papers, 1847-1926; articles on Bankhead in the Thomas McAdory Owen clipping scrapbook, 1894-1896; letters and petitions regarding appointment of Bankhead to the office of warden of prisons (ca. 1880) in the governor's appointments files, 1879-1882; correspondence in the Edward H. Moren papers, 1841-1887; correspondence in the Tallulah Brockman Bankhead papers, 1902-1968; clippings on Bankhead's life and career in the William B. Bankhead papers, 1875-1952); the autobiography of Warren S. Reese, 1936-1937, which is particularly rich in materials related to state and national politics including John H. Bankhead Sr. and Jr.; and photograph of Bankhead at the dedication of lock 17 on the Warrior River, 1915, in Asa Roundtree papers, 1896-1977. Finding aid.

Auburn University Library

Auburn, AL
Papers: In Alabama Farm Bureau Federation records, 1922-1980. Ca. 47 cubic feet (1 foot of congressional correspondence). Correspondence between congressmen and Farm Bureau officials concerning legislation. Finding aid. Restricted.

Birmingham Public Library

Birmingham, AL
Papers: Correspondence in the Erskine Ramsay papers, 1886-1953.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

U.S. Congress. John Hollis Bankhead (Late a Senator from Alabama). 66th Cong., 3d sess., 1920-1921. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1921.

Watson, Elbert L. "John Hollis Bankhead, Sr." In Alabama United States Senators, pp. 95-98. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1982.

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