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BALDWIN, Simeon

1761–1851

Biography

BALDWIN, Simeon, (son–in–law of Roger Sherman, father of Roger Sherman Baldwin), a Representative from Connecticut; born in Norwich, Conn., December 14, 1761; completed preparatory studies; was graduated from Yale College in 1781; was preceptor of the academy at Albany in 1782; tutor at Yale College from October 1783 until his resignation in September 1786; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1786 and commenced practice in New Haven, Conn., the same year; elected city clerk in 1789 and served until June 1800; in 1790 was appointed clerk of the District and Circuit Courts of the United States for the District of Connecticut and served until November 1803, when he resigned, having been elected to Congress; elected as a Federalist to the Eighth Congress (March 4, 1803-March 3, 1805); declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1804; again appointed to his former clerkship, but was removed by Judge Edwards in 1806; associate judge of the superior court and of the supreme court of errors 1806-1817; president of the board of commissioners that located the Farmington Canal 1822-1830, when he resigned; mayor of New Haven in 1826; died in New Haven, Conn., May 26, 1851; interment in the Grove Street Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Connecticut Historical Society

Hartford, CT
Papers: 1803, 1 letter. A letter from Simeon Baldwin to Benjamin Silliman written on December 14, 1803. In the letter, Simeon Baldwin discusses debates on amendments to the Constitution and the question of abolishing the office of Commissioner of Loans in all states.
Papers: 1840, 1 page. A letter from Simeon Baldwin to the mayor and alderman of New Haven, Connecticut, 1840. In the letter, Simeon Baldwin writes to request for a city meeting to discuss plans to sustain the Farmington Canal. The letter is signed also by David Daggett.
Papers: In the James Leland Howard Autograph Collection, 1725-1921, 35 items. Persons represented include Simeon Baldwin. An item index is available in the repository.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the James Kent Papers, ca. 1779-1854, approximately 1,500 items. Correspondents include Simeon Baldwin. A finding aid is available in the library.

Litchfield Historical Society

Litchfield, CT
Papers: 1803-1806. 14 cards. Personal and business papers; copies of material in Yale University Library. Finding aid in repository.

New Haven Colony Historical Society

New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Baldwin Family Papers, 1734-1977, approximately 1 foot (ca. 617 items). Persons represented include Simeon Baldwin. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.

Yale University Library

New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Baldwin Family Papers, 1595-1947, 90 feet (211 boxes). Persons represented include Simeon Baldwin. An unpublished register is available in the library. A microfilm guide is also available.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Baldwin, Simeon E. Life and Letters of Simeon Baldwin. New Haven, CT: The Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor Co., 1919.

Dutton, Samuel W. S. An address at the funeral of Hon. Simeon Baldwin, May 28, 1851. New Haven: A.H. Maltby, 1851.

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