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BALDWIN, Abraham

BALDWIN, Abraham
Library of Congress


BALDWIN, Abraham, (half–brother of Henry Baldwin of Pennsylvania), a Delegate, a Representative, and a Senator from Georgia; born in North Guilford, Conn., November 22, 1754; moved with his father to New Haven, Conn., in 1769; attended private schools; graduated from Yale College in 1772; subsequently studied theology at the college and was licensed to preach in 1775; served as a tutor in that institution 1775-1779, when he resigned to enter the Army; chaplain in the Second Connecticut Brigade, Revolutionary Army, from 1777 until 1783, when the troops disbanded; studied law during his service in the Army; admitted to the bar in 1783 and practiced at Fairfield; moved to Augusta, Ga., in 1784 and continued the practice of law; member of the State house of representatives 1785; originator of the plan for, and author of, the charter of the University of Georgia and served as president 1786-1801; member of the Continental Congress 1785, 1787, and 1788; delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and one of the signers of the Constitution; elected to the First and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1789-March 3, 1799); elected to the United States Senate in 1799; reelected in 1805 and served from March 4, 1799, until his death on March 4, 1807; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Seventh Congress; died in Washington, D.C.; interment in Rock Creek Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Brown University

Providence, RI
Papers: 1790. 1 item.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections

Ithaca, NY
Papers: May 11, 1786. 1 item. Indenture, signed by Baldwin, giving a one-acre lot of land in Augusta, GA to merchant Thomas Graves.

Duke University
Special Collections Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1 item (1789) in the Edward Telfair papers.

Georgia Department of Archives and History

Atlanta, GA
Papers: In pre-1800 File II names, primarily incoming correspondence to the governor of Georgia. Finding aid.

Georgia Historical Society

Savannah, GA
Papers: 1789. 3 items. Baldwin's annotated copy of the Constitution, and 2 letters. Also correspondence in Habersham family papers, 1739-1900.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in Joel Barlow papers, 1779-1814, 1855-1878, 1935. Finding aid.

Haverford College

Haverford, PA
Papers: 1 item (1789) in the Charles Roberts autograph collection.

Henry E. Huntington Library

San Marino, CA
Papers: In the Baldwin family papers, 1779-1886. 475 items. Chiefly family correspondence. Finding aid.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1 item (1789) in the Gratz collection; 1 item (1789) in the Coxe papers; and 1 item (1791) in the Dreer collection.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1800. 1 letter.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 item (1789) in the Foster autograph collection.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: November 23, 1789; March 7, 1799; March 24, 1802. 3 letters. Personal and official correspondence. Finding aid.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1789-1798. 4 items.

University of Georgia
Hargrett Library for Rare Books and Manuscripts

Athens, GA
Papers: 177?-1818. 88 items. Includes correspondence, speeches, account books, commonplace books and manuscript of Baldwin's "Observations on Ye Literature of Georgia." Finding aid. Additional correspondence in the Prince family papers, 1785-1900, chiefly of Oliver Hillhouse Prince (1787-1837).

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in various collections. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: 8 letters (1789) and 8 letters (1790).
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Coulter, E. Merton. Abraham Baldwin: Patriot, Educator, and Founding Father. Arlington, VA: Vandamere Press, 1987.

Furlong, Patrick J. "Abraham Baldwin: A Georgia Yankee as Old Congress-man." Georgia Historical Quarterly 56 (Spring 1972): 51-71.

Mellichamp, Josephine. "Abraham Baldwin." In Senators from Georgia, pp. 47-51. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1976.

White, Henry Clay. Abraham Baldwin, One of the Founders of the Republic. Athens: McGregor Co., 1926.

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