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BAKER, Jehu, a Representative from Illinois; born near Lexington, Fayette County, Ky., November 4, 1822; moved with his father to Lebanon, Ill., in 1829; attended the common schools and McKendree College at Lebanon; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1846 and commenced practice at Belleville, St. Clair County, Ill.; master in chancery of St. Clair County 1861-1865; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses (March 4, 1865-March 3, 1869); chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department (Thirty-ninth Congress), Committee on Education and Labor (Fortieth Congress); served as United States Minister to Venezuela 1878-1881 and 1882-1885, being Minister Resident and consul general for a time during the latter portion of his service; elected as a Republican to the Fiftieth Congress (March 4, 1887-March 3, 1889); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1888 to the Fifty-first Congress; continued the practice of law; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-fifth Congress (March 4, 1897-March 3, 1899); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1898 to the Fifty-sixth Congress; resumed the practice of law; died in Belleville, Ill., on March 1, 1903; interment in Walnut Hill Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library

Springfield, IL
Papers: 1864-1918, 22 items. The Jehu Baker papers contain a news clipping scrapbook, letters of recommendation, Civil War documents, certificates and miscellaneous. The collection covers Jehu Baker's political activities, his diplomatic career in Venezuela, and the presidential election of 1876. Also included is material concerning Jehu Baker's daughter Margaret Baker Harrington's career as a teacher in Belleville, Illinois, and Charles Harrington's Civil War service with the 32nd Illinois Infantry, Company.
Papers: 1887, 2 pages. A speech of Mr. Jehu Baker before the Western Waterways Convention, at Memphis, Tennessee, October 21st, 1887.
Papers: In the Joseph Gillespie Letters, ca. 1848-1876, 2 items. Correspondents include Jehu Baker.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Baker, Jehu. The bankruptcy bill. Speech ... in the House of Representatives ... February 19, 1898. N.p., 1898.

------. Payment of government bonds. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1898.

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