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BAILEY, Joseph Weldon

BAILEY, Joseph Weldon
Library of Congress


BAILEY, Joseph Weldon, (father of Joseph Weldon Bailey, Jr.), a Representative and a Senator from Texas; born near Crystal Springs, Copiah County, Miss., October 6, 1862; attended the common schools; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1883 and commenced practice in Hazlehurst, Miss.; moved to Gainesville, Tex., in 1885 and continued the practice of law; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-second and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1891-March 3, 1901); was not a candidate for renomination in 1900; elected to the United States Senate in 1901, reelected in 1907, and served from March 4, 1901, until January 3, 1913, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Sixty-first Congress), Committee on Woman Suffrage (Sixty-first Congress), Committee on Additional Accommodations for the Library (Sixty-second Congress); resumed the practice of law in Washington, D.C.; subsequently moved to Dallas, Tex., in 1921 and continued the practice of law; unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Texas in 1920; died in a courtroom in Sherman, Tex., on April 13, 1929; interment in Gainesville Cemetery, Gainesville, Tex.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1 official letter (August 29, 1904) in the Edward Morse Shepard collection.

Dallas Historical Society

Dallas, TX
Papers: 1895-1925. 45 feet. Personal, business, and congressional papers and correspondence, including legal briefs, case files, gubernatorial campaign literature (1920), speeches, news clippings, pamphlets, and photographs. Topics include monetary standards, banking reform, suffrage, and prohibition. Finding aid.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library

Syracuse, NY
Papers: Correspondence in the William Sulzer papers, 1891-1941.

Texas State Library
Archives Division

Austin, TX
Papers: 1911. 26 leaves. Pertain to his resignation as U.S. senator. Finding aid.

University of Texas
Center for American History

Austin, TX
Papers: Miscellaneous papers in various collections.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Acheson, Sam Hanna. Joe Bailey, the Last Democrat. 1932. Reprint. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1970.

Cocke, William A. The Bailey Controversy in Texas, with lessons from The Political Life-Story of a Fallen Idol. San Antonio: The Cocke Company, Publishers, 1908 (2 vols.)

Crawford, W.L. Crawford on Baileyism: The Greatest Expose of Political Degeneracy Since the Credit Mobilier Scandal. Dallas: Eclectic News Bureau, 1907.

Holcomb, Bob Charles. "Senator Joe Bailey, Two Decades of Controversy." Ph.D. dissertation, Texas Technological College, 1968.

Senter, E.G., compiler. The Bailey Case Boiled Down. Dallas: Flagg Publishing Company, 1908.

Welch, June Rayfield. "Joe Bailey Could Have Had Any Office." In The Texas Senator, pp. 106-13. Dallas: G.L.A. Press, 1978.

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