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BAILEY, John, a Representative from Massachusetts; born in 1786 in that part of Stoughton, Norfolk County, Mass.; which in 1797 was set apart and named Canton; was graduated from Brown University, Providence, R.I., in 1807; tutor and librarian at Providence, R.I., 1807-1814; member of the Massachusetts state house of representatives, 1814-1817; clerk in the Department of State in Washington, D.C., 1817-1823; presented credentials as a Member-elect to the Eighteenth Congress, but the election was contested on the ground that he was not a resident of the district he purported to represent, and by resolution of March 18, 1824, the House declared he was not entitled to the seat; returned to Canton, Mass., and was subsequently elected as an Adams-Clay Republican to fill the vacancy thus caused in this Congress; reelected as an Adams to the Nineteenth and Twentieth, and as an Anti-Jacksonian in the Twenty-first Congresses (December 13, 1824-March 3, 1831); chair, Committee on Expenditures in the Department of State (Nineteenth Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1830; member of the State senate, 1831-1834; unsuccessful Anti-Masonic candidate for Governor in 1834; died in Dorchester, Mass., June 26, 1835; interment in Oak Grove Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 31 letters. Letters received.

Brown University
John Hay Library

Providence, RI
Papers: 1805-1808, 3 items. Literary manuscripts of John Bailey, including: A poem (delivered September 14,1808, in Taunton Meeting House on the anniversary of the Philanonian Society); A poem entitled: Expostulation (Brown University, July 1805); and an allegorical play entitled, Dialogue, The Despot's Ruin (dated September 12, 1805).

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Hale Family Papers, 1720-1950, 40 boxes and 19 volumes. Other authors include John Bailey.
Papers: In the Caleb H. Snow Papers, 1775-1945, 7 boxes. Correspondents include John Bailey.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1817-1830. 78 items. Letters received on miscellaneous subjects.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

United States. Congress. House. Committee of Elections. Report of the Committee of Elections, to whom was referred the petition of sundry citizens of the district of Norfolk in the state of Massachusetts, remonstrating against the return of John Bailey, Esq. as a representative of said district in the 18th Congress. [Washington, D.C.: N.p., 1824].

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