Back to Results

BACON, Ezekiel

1776–1870

Biography

BACON, Ezekiel, (son of John Bacon and father of William Johnson Bacon), a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Boston, Mass., September 1, 1776; received a liberal schooling and was graduated from Yale College in 1794; attended the Litchfield Law School and afterwards studied with Nathan Dane in Beverly; was admitted to the bar in 1800 and commenced practice in Stockbridge, Mass.; member of the State house of representatives in 1805 and 1806; elected as a Republican to the Tenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Barnabas Bidwell; reelected to the Eleventh and Twelfth Congresses and served from September 16, 1807, to March 3, 1813; chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Twelfth Congress); chief justice of the court of common pleas for the western district of Massachusetts 1811-1814; First Comptroller of the United States Treasury from February 11, 1814, to February 28, 1815, when he resigned; moved to Utica, Oneida County, N.Y., in 1816; appointed associate justice of the court of common pleas in 1818; member of the State assembly in 1819; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1821; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1824 to the Nineteenth Congress; at time of his death he was the oldest surviving Member of Congress and the last representative of the administration of President Madison; died in Utica, N.Y., October 18, 1870; interment in Forest Hill Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

[ Top ]

External Research Collections

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1843, 1 item. A collection of hymns written for the dedication of the Chapel of the New York State Asylum at Utica. The collection is signed by Ezekiel Bacon with initials, Utica, 1843, July 12.
Papers: In the Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1808, 1 item. A letter from Thomas Jefferson to Mr. E. Bacon written on July 5, 1808. Thomas Jefferson sends money to Mr. Bacon to pay various accounts.

Yale University Library
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In the Bidwell Family Papers, ca. 1750-1952, 7 linear feet. Subjects covered in the papers include Ezekiel Bacon. An unpublished finding aid for the papers is available in the repository.
[ Top ]

Bibliography / Further Reading

Bacon, Ezekiel. An address delivered before the Republican citizens of Berkshire, assembled at Pittsfield to celebrate the thirty-fourth anniversary of American independence, July 4th, 1810. [Pittsfield: Phinehas Allen.], 1810.

------. Ægri somnia. Recreations of a sick room. Utica, [N.Y.]: R. Northway, printer, 1842. Reprint, New-York: J. Allen, 1843.

------. A lecture delivered before the Young Men's Association of the City of Utica, December 15, 1843. Utica, N.Y.: R.W. Roberts, 1844.

------. Memorial of the sureties of Thompson J. Skinner, late treasurer of the commonwealth [microform] : together with a view of their case, and the grounds on which they claim to be exonerated from their liability for his defalcations. Pittsfield, [Mass.]: Printed by Phinehas Allen, [1811].

------. Mr. Bacon's motion for arming the merchant vessels of the United States and authorizing them to repel by force any attempt to search, restrain or seize them by any French of British armed vessel [microform]. City of Washington: A. & G. Way, printers, 1809.

------. Mr. Bacon's motions for the establishment of rules and orders [microform] : respecting indecorous expressions in debate, the practice of duelling wherein members of the House are concerned, and also respecting personal violence to members. City of Washington: A. & G. Way, printers, 1809.

------. Odes and hymns, written and designed for the Berkshire jubilee. Utica, N.Y.: N.p., 1844.

------. An oration delivered at Pittsfield on the thirty-first anniversary of American independence, July 4th, 1807 [microform]. Pittsfield, [Mass.]: Printed by Phinehas Allen, 1807.

------. An oration, delivered at Williamstown, on the anniversary of American independence, July 4th, 1801. [Three lines of quotation in English]; Published by the request of the citizens convened on said day. Pittsfield, [Mass.]: Printed by Phinehas Allen, [1801].

------. An oration, delivered at Williamstown, on the 4th of July, 1799: Being the anniversary of American independence. Bennington, [Vt.]: Printed by Anthony Haswell., [1799].

------. Recollections of fifty years since; with glances at the present aspects, and future portents of the age and the times: a lecture delivered before the Young Men's Association of the City of Utica, February 2, 1843. Utica, N.Y.: R. W. Roberts, printer, 1843.

------. Resolution proposed in committee of the whole House on the motions made by Mr. Nicholas and Mr. Bacon [microform]: for a repeal of the Embargo and the maintenance of the neutral rights of the United States on the high seas. Washington City: A. & G. Way, printers, 1809.

------. To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in General Court assembled [microform] : the memorial of the undersigned, in behalf of themselves and of the other sureties of Thompson J. Skinner... [Boston: N.p., 1811].

------. Vacant hours. A sequel to "Recreations of a sick room." Utica: R. W. Roberts, printer, 1845.

Barlow, William, and David O. Powell. "Congressman Ezekiel Bacon of Massachusetts and the Coming of the War of 1812." Historical Journal of Western Massachusetts 6 (Spring 1978): 28-41.

[ Top ]

Committee Assignments

  • House Committee - Ways and Means - Chair
[ Top ]