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ARNOLD, Isaac Newton

ARNOLD, Isaac Newton
Image courtesy Library of Congress
1815–1884

Biography

ARNOLD, Isaac Newton, a Representative from Illinois; born in Hartwick, Otsego County, N.Y., November 30, 1815; attended the district and select schools and Hartwick Seminary; taught school in Otsego County 1832-1835; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1835 and commenced practice in Cooperstown, Otsego County, N.Y.; moved to Chicago, Ill., in 1836 and continued the practice of law; was elected as city clerk of Chicago in 1837, but had served only a short time when he resigned to devote his entire efforts to his law practice; delegate to the Democratic State convention in 1842; member of the State house of representatives in 1842 and 1843; presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1844; delegate to the Free-Soil National Convention at Buffalo in 1848; again a member of the State house of representatives in 1855 and was an unsuccessful candidate for speaker; unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination to Congress in 1858; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh and Thirty-eighth Congresses (March 4, 1861-March 3, 1865); chairman, Committee on Roads and Canals (Thirty-eighth Congress); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1864; during the Civil War acted as aide to Colonel Hunter at the Battle of Bull Run; served as Sixth Auditor of the United States Treasury, Washington, D.C., from April 29, 1865, to September 29, 1866, when he resigned; resumed the practice of law and also engaged in literary pursuits; died in Chicago, Ill., April 24, 1884; interment in Graceland Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library

Springfield, IL
Papers: In the Horace Butler Papers, 1794-1933, 2.73 linear feet. Correspondents include Isaac N. Washington. A finding aid is available in the library.

Chicago History Museum
Research Center

Chicago, IL
Papers: 1860-1885, 0.5 linear foot. The papers contain correspondence concerning Civil War era politics, works written by Isaac Newton Arnold, including biographies of Abraham Lincoln and Benedict Arnold, and photographs. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: In the Gay-Otis Family Papers, ca. 1740-1900, approximately 9,878 items. Correspondents include Isaac Newton Arnold. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the E. B. Washburne Papers, ca. 1829-1889, 31.4 linear feet. Correspondents include Isaac Newton Arnold. A finding aid is available in the library.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: August 31, 1882. 1 letter. Finding aid in repository.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Arnold, Isaac Newton. Abraham Lincoln: a paper read before the Royal Historical Society. 1881. Reprint, Chicago: Fergus printing company, 1883.

------. Benedict Arnold at Saratoga. [Philadelphia: N.p., 1880].

------. Confiscate the property and free the slaves of rebels. Speech of Hon. I. N. Arnold, of Ill., in the House of Representatives, May 23, 1862. [Washington: Scammell & Co., printers, 1862].

------. Congressional legislation. Speech of Hon. Isaac N. Arnold, July 14, 1864. [N.p., 1864].

------. The History of Abraham Lincoln and the Overthrow of Slavery. Chicago: Clarke, 1866; Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries Press, 1971.

------. The Life of Abraham Lincoln. Chicago: McClurg, 1884. Reprint, introduction by James A. Rawley. Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press, 1994.

------. The Life of Benedict Arnold. Chicago: Jansen, McClurg, 1880. Reprint, New York : Arno Press, 1979.

------. The power, duty, and necessity of destroying slavery in the rebel states. [Washington]: Towers, printers, [1864].

------. Recollections of the early Chicago and Illinois bar. [Chicago?: N.p., 1880?].

------. Reconstruction: liberty the cornerstone, and Lincoln the architect. Speech of Hon. Isaac N. Arnold, of Illinois. Delivered in the House of representatives, March 19,1864. Washington: Printed by L. Towers & co., 1864.

------. Reminiscences of the Illinois bar forty years ago: Lincoln and Douglas as orators and lawyers. Chicago: Fergus Print. Co., 1881.

------. Ship canal from the Mississippi to Lake Michigan. Speech of Hon. Isaac N. Arnold ... delivered in the House of representatives of the United States, Jan. 15, 1863. [Washington: L. Towers & co., printers, 1863].

------. Sketch of the life of Abraham Lincoln. New York: J. B. Bachelder, 1869.

------. William B. Ogden; and early days in Chicago: a paper read before the Chicago historical society, Tuesday, December 20, 1881 ... 1881. Reprint, Chicago: Fergus printing company, 1882.

------. A letter to Isaac N. Arnold, relating to Abraham Lincoln, his wife, and their life in Springfield. 1937. Reprint, [N.p.: 1938].

Lincoln, Abraham. Abraham Lincoln and Mary Owen: three letters, Lincoln to Mrs. O.H. Browning, I.N. Arnold to O.H. Browning, O.H. Browning to I.N. Arnold. Springfield, Ill.: Barker's Art Store, 1922.

Shaw, Samuel M. A centennial offering; being a brief history of Cooperstown with a biographical sketch of James Fenimore Cooper, by Hon. I. N. Arnold. Together with other interesting local facts and data. Edited by S. M. Shaw. Cooperstown, N.Y.: Printed at the Freeman's journal office, 1886.

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