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ARCHER, John, (father of Stevenson Archer [1786–1848] and grandfather of Stevenson Archer [1827–1898]), a Representative from Maryland; born near Churchville, Harford (then Baltimore) County, Md., May 5, 1741; attended the West Nottingham Academy in Cecil County and was graduated from Princeton College in 1760; studied theology, but owing to a throat affection abandoned the same and began the study of medicine; was graduated as a physician from the College of Philadelphia in 1768, receiving the first medical diploma issued on the American continent; commenced the practice of his profession in Harford County in 1769; member of the Revolutionary committee 1774-1776; raised a military company during the Revolution; member of the first State constitutional convention of 1776; served in the State house of delegates 1777-1779; during the Revolutionary War was aide-de-camp to Gen. Anthony Wayne at Stony Point; June 1, 1779, was made a captain and subsequently a major in the Continental Army; elected as a Republican to the Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Congresses (March 4, 1801-March 3, 1807); founded with his son, Dr. Thomas Archer, the medical and chirurgical faculty of Maryland in 1799; died at his country home, 'Medical Hall,' near Churchville, Harford County, Md., September 28, 1810; interment in the Presbyterian Cemetery, Churchville, Md.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore, MD
Papers: ca. 1784-1805, 3 volumes. Apothecary's ledger for Baltimore, 1784-1785, 1801-1805. The 3 volumes contain: 1. Misc. Apothecary's ledger for Baltimore, MD. John Archer is mentioned in it and it has been used as a scrapbook. 2. John Archer ledger 1801-1805, a ledger of a prominent Harford Co. apothecary/physician/midwife. 3. Miscellaneous recipe book for concoctions and remedies of apothecaries.
Papers: 1786-1852, 4 volumes. Four medical ledgers: Ledger "F", 1786-1795, kept by Dr. John Archer. The other 3 ledgers, 1815-23, 1840-46, 1842-52, kept by John Archer's sons, the second probably by John Jr. and the last by Robert Harris.
Papers: In the Archer Family Papers, ca. 18th-20th centuries, 23 boxes and 2 volumes. Persons represented include John Archer. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

University of Maryland
McKeldin Library

College Park, MD
Papers: In the Charles Lonman Papers, 1823-1868, 55 items. Persons represented include John Archer. An unpublished inventory is available in the library.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Peden, Henry C. , Jr. Dr. John Archer's first medical leder [sic], 1767-1769: Annotated abstracts. Aberdeen, Md.: Harford County Genealogical Society, 1997.

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