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ANDERSON, Richard Clough, Jr.

1788–1826

Biography

ANDERSON, Richard Clough, Jr., a Representative from Kentucky; born at 'Soldiers' Retreat,' near Louisville, Ky., August 4, 1788; attended private schools; was graduated from William and Mary College, Williamsburg, Va., in 1804; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Louisville; member of the State house of representatives in 1815; elected as a Republican to the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Congresses (March 4, 1817-March 3, 1821); chairman, Committee on Public Lands (Sixteenth Congress); declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1820; again a member of the State house of representatives, in 1821 and 1822, serving as speaker the latter year; appointed the first United States Minister to the Republic of Colombia January 27, 1823; took his leave June 7, 1823, having been commissioned Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Panama Congress of Nations, but died, en route to his post, in Turbaco, near Cartagena, Colombia, July 24, 1826; interment at 'Soldiers' Retreat,' near Louisville, Ky.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Filson Club Historical Society

Louisville, KY
Papers: In the Anderson Family Miscellaneous Papers, 1796-1834, 7 items. The papers include a letter written on December 7, 1818 from Richard Clough Anderson, Jr. to his father discussing family matters.
Papers: In the Anderson Family Papers, 1805-1911, 0.33 cubic foot. Persons represented include Richard Clough Anderson, Jr.
Papers: In the Anderson-Brooke Family Papers, 1793-1983, 2 cubic feet. Persons represented include Richard Clough Anderson, Jr. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Gwathmey Family Added Papers, 1780-1888, 17 items. Persons represented include Richard Clough Anderson, Jr.

Huntington Library

San Marino, CA
Papers: 1781-1892, 1865 items. The papers of Richard Clough Anderson contain correspondence of the various members of the Anderson family, particularly Richard Clough Anderson, Jr. and his wife Elizabeth, as well as Richard Clough Anderson, Sr. and his sons Charles, Robert (1805-1871) (of Ft. Sumter fame), and Larz (1803-1878), a capitalist and a prominent citizen of Cincinnati, Ohio. Also included correspondence of the Clark and Gwathmey families. Subject covered include real estate transactions, legislation, and land speculation in Kentucky; Louisville and Kentucky politics; Ohio politics and government, especially during the Civil War; relations between Colombia and the U.S.; antislavery sentiment; the Civil War. A finding aid is available in the library and online.
Papers: In the Anderson Family Papers, 1810-1848, 775 pieces. Persons represented include Richard Clough Anderson, Jr. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Microfilm: In the Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, ca. 1803-1834, 1 microfilm reel. Correspondence and diary (1803-1826) of Richard Clough Anderson. The original papers are in private hands.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Anderson, Richard Clough, Jr. Diary and Journal, 1814-1826. Edited by Alfred P. Tischendorf and E. Taylor Parks. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1964.

Park, E. Taylor, and Alfred A. Tischendorf. "Cartagena To Bogota, 1825-1826; The Diary of Richard Clough Anderson, Jr." Hispanic American Historical Review 42 (May 1962): 217-30.

Rubenstein, Asa L. "Richard Clough Anderson, Nathaniel Massie, and the Impact of Government on Western Land Speculation and Settlement, 1774-1830." Ph.D. diss., University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, 1986.

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