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ANDERSON, John, a Representative from Maine; born in Windham, Maine, July 30, 1792; attended the common schools; was graduated from Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, in 1813; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1816 and commenced practice in Portland, Maine; member of the State senate in 1823; elected to the Nineteenth and Twentieth Congresses and elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-first and Twenty-second Congresses (March 4, 1825-March 3, 1833); chairman, Committee on Elections (Twentieth Congress), Committee on Naval Affairs (Twenty-second Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1832; mayor of Portland 1833-1836 and again in 1842; United States attorney for the district of Maine 1833-1836; collector of customs for the port of Portland 1837-1841 and 1843-1848; resumed the practice of law; died in Portland, Maine, August 21, 1853; interment in Town Cemetery (then a part of the farm of his ancestors) on River Road, Windham, Maine.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Maine Historical Society

Portland, ME
Papers: n.d. and 1832, 3 items. The papers include a letter, 1832 Dec. 4, from John Anderson in Washington, to Lewis Cass, secretary of war, requesting that land conveyed to the United States by Rev. Thomas Smith, Falmouth, Maine, for construction of harbor fortifications be reconveyed to Anderson, a Smith descendant. The papers also contain drafts of two speeches, undated, by Anderson prepared for delivery in the U.S. House of Representatives, upholding justice of claim against the U.S. by Commodore Edward Preble, Portland, Maine, for share of prize money due from capture and destruction of frigate Philadelphia during the Barbary War.
Papers: In the George B. Barrows papers, 1850-1876, 9 items. Persons represented include John Anderson.
Papers: In the Charles Stewart Daveis correspondence, ca. 1830-1847, 13 items. Persons represented include John Anderson.
Papers: In the Records of Mayors (Portland, ME), 1831-1894, 1 folder. Persons represented include John Anderson.
Papers: In the Correspondence of George Washington Pierce and his brother Josiah Pierce, 1829-1836, 0.25 linear foot. Correspondents include John Anderson.
Papers: In the Portland Observatory and Moody Family papers, [18--]-[19--], 1 box. Persons represented include John Anderson.
Papers: In the Francis O.J. Smith papers, 1818-1876, 12 linear feet. Correspondents include John Anderson.

University of Maine
Raymond H. Fogler Library

Orono, ME
Papers: In the Charles Lanman papers, 3 folders. The collection also contains a letter dated Oct. 1, 1828, to Samuel L. Southard, Secretary of the Navy, from John Anderson, congressman from Maine.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Anderson, John. Speech of Mr. Anderson, of Maine, on the proposed increase of the tariff : delivered in the House of Representatives of the U. States, March 5, 1828. N.p., 1828.

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