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ANDERSON, James Patton

1822–1872

Biography

ANDERSON, James Patton, a Delegate from the Territory of Washington; born near Winchester, Franklin County, Tenn., February 16, 1822; was graduated from Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pa., in 1842; moved to Kentucky; studied law at Montrose Law School, Frankfort, Ky.; was admitted to the bar and practiced in Hernando, Miss., from 1842 to 1846; raised a company of volunteers for the Mexican War; elected lieutenant colonel of the Second Battalion, Mississippi Rifles, and served in that capacity until the close of the war; member of the State house of representatives in 1850; appointed United States marshal for the Territory of Washington in 1853 and settled in Olympia; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1855-March 3, 1857); was not a candidate for renomination in 1856; appointed Governor of the Territory of Washington by President Buchanan in 1857, but declined the office; moved to his plantation, "Casabianca," near Monticello, Fla., the same year; served in the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States; during the Civil War entered the Confederate Army as colonel of the First Regiment, Florida Infantry; appointed brigadier general February 10, 1862; promoted to major general February 17, 1864, and assigned to the command of the district of Florida; after the close of the war settled in Memphis, Tenn., and conducted a publication devoted to agriculture; collector of delinquent State taxes for Shelby County; died in Memphis, Tenn., September 20, 1872; interment in Elmwood Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of Florida
Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries

Gainesville, FL
Papers: 1855-1869, 13 folders. Autobiography, business and legal papers, correspondence. This collection contains biographical information, as well as papers related to Anderson's business life, dating from 1855-1869. Also in the collection are Ku Klux Klan bylaws, bills, receipts, and letters to General Anderson from President Buchanan and Jefferson Davis.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Cyrus W. Field papers, 1858-1886, 34 items. Correspondents include James Anderson.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: ca. 1871, 1 item. A statement of James Patton Anderson's military career in the Confederate Army with detailed information on the composition of his units, sent to the historian Charles Colcock Jones.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1864. 1 item (11 pages of typed copy). Autobiographical sketch, with notes added by his wife and daughter.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Hoffmann, John. The Confederate Collapse at the Battle of Missionary Ridge: The Reports of James Patton Anderson and His Brigade Commanders. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1985.

Raab, James W. J. Patton Anderson, Confederate General: A Biography. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2004.

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