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ANDERSON, Hugh Johnston

1801–1881

Biography

ANDERSON, Hugh Johnston, a Representative from Maine; born in Wiscasset, Maine, May 10, 1801; attended the local schools; moved to Belfast, Maine, in 1815 and was employed as a clerk in the mercantile establishment of his uncle; clerk of the Waldo County courts 1824-1836; studied law; elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-fifth and Twenty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1837-March 3, 1841); was not a candidate for reelection to the Twenty-seventh Congress in 1840; Governor of Maine 1844-1847; was a candidate for United States Senator in 1847 but subsequently withdrew; moved to Washington, D.C., and served as commissioner of customs in the United States Treasury Department 1853-1858; appointed head of the commission to reorganize and adjust the affairs of the United States Mint at San Francisco, Calif., in 1857; Sixth Auditor of the Treasury 1866-1869; retired from public life in 1880 and settled in Portland, Oreg., where he died May 31, 1881; interment in Grove Cemetery, Belfast, Maine.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the John Fairfield papers, 1828-1876, 1.8 linear feet. Correspondents include Hugh Johnston Anderson. A finding aid is available in the library.

Maine Historical Society

Portland, ME
Papers: 1853, 1 item. A letter signed by Hugh J. Anderson, Office of Commissioner of Customs, U.S. Treasury Dept., stating that the Secretary of the Treasury had been requested to make a remittance to defray the expenses of collecting revenue.
Papers: In the Clifford Nathan papers, 1831-1881, 1 linear foot. Correspondents include H.J. Anderson.
Papers: In the Martin Van Buren autograph letters signed, 1842 and 1844, 2 items. Two autograph letters of Van Buren to Gov. Hugh J. Anderson of Maine, discussing both personal and political topics.
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