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ALLISON, William Boyd

ALLISON, William Boyd
Library of Congress
1829–1908

Biography

ALLISON, William Boyd, a Representative and a Senator from Iowa; born in Perry, Ohio, March 2, 1829; attended country schools, the academy in Wooster, Ohio, and Allegheny College, Meadville, Pa.; graduated from Western Reserve College, Hudson, Ohio (now in Cleveland), in 1849; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1852 and commenced practice in Ashland, Ohio; unsuccessful candidate for district attorney in 1856; settled in Dubuque, Iowa, in 1857 and resumed the practice of law; served as a lieutenant colonel in the Union Army during the Civil War; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1863-March 3, 1871); chairman, Expenditures in the Department of the Treasury (Forty-first Congress); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1870, but was an unsuccessful candidate for the United States Senate; resumed the practice of law in Dubuque; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1872; reelected in 1878, 1884, 1890, 1896, and again in 1902, and served from March 4, 1873, until his death on August 4, 1908; Republican Conference chairman (Fifty-fifth to Sixtieth Congresses); chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs (Forty-fourth to Forty-fifth Congresses), Committee on Appropriations (Forty-seventh to Fifty-second, and Fifty-fourth to Sixtieth Congresses), Committee on Engrossed Bills (Fifty-third Congress); died in Dubuque, Iowa; interment in Linwood Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1 letter (April 3, 1896) in the Bancroft collection; 1 letter (April 2, 1885) in the E.R.A. Seligman collection; and 2 letters (February 11, 1898 and March 19,1901) in the Frederick William Holls collection. Official correspondence. Finding aid.

Rutherford B. Hayes Library

Fremont, OH
Papers: 1875-1891. 14 items. Also 30 pages of typed transcripts of correspondence regarding political matters.

Indiana Historical Society

Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Correspondence in the Albert Gallatin Porter papers, 1759-1942 (bulk 1857-1891). Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in the Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich papers, 1777-1930.

Nebraska State Historical Society

Lincoln, NE
Papers: Correspondence in Helen Marie Anderson papers, 1871-1966.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1862-1888. 11 items.

State Historical Society of Iowa

Des Moines, IA
Papers: 1825-1908. Ca. 200,000 items. Correspondence, financial and legal papers, clippings, scrapbooks, personal accounts, memorabilia, photographs, portraits, and printed material chiefly relating to his service in the U.S. Congress. Finding aid.

State Historical Society of Iowa

Iowa City, IA
Papers: 100 letters from Allison in the Jonathan P. Dolliver papers, 1883-1908; items in the Albert F. Dawson (Allen's secretary in 1896) scrapbooks; and miscellaneous items in various collections.

State Historical Society of Iowa
Montauk

Clermont, IA
Papers: 19 letters (1867-1905) relating to Iowa politics in William Larrabee papers. Finding aid.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department

Iowa City, IA
Papers: 1895-1916. 3 feet. Personal and political correspondence, congressional documents, clippings, and memorabilia. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Numerous letters (1854-1905) in other collections including 1 letter (October 26, 1863) to Charles Lanham giving an account of his life as requested by Lanham for his updating of the Dictionary of the United States Congress, first published in 1859; 1 letter (June 12, 1881) to George C. Burch discussing his choice for librarian of the Senate; correspondence in the Albert Harbert collection of railroadiana, 1867-1937; and correspondence in the Sokol-Shuttleworth family papers, 1878-1957. Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in the papers of Henry Carter Adams, 1864-1924; James M. Edmunds, 1861-1866; and Oliver Lyman Spaulding, 1861-1921. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: 1 letter (1903) to Henry Beebee Carrington in the Carrington family papers; correspondence in the James Rockwell Sheffield papers, 1860-1938; and 2 letters (1898, 1907) to George P. Wetmore in the Wetmore family papers.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Cornell University, Ithaca, NY; and Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Allison, William B. "An Extra Session When?" North American Review 148 (April 1889): 397-402.

Cooper, Vernon. "William Boyd Allison." University of Iowa Studies in the Social Sciences 10 (June 1932): 133-45.

Lodge, Henry Cabot. "William B. Allison." Annals of Iowa 11 (April 1914): 321-27.

Merrill, Horace Samuel, and Marion Galbraith Merrill. The Republican Command, 1897-1913. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1971.

Sage, Leland L. "Weaver in Allison's Way." Annals of Iowa 31 (January 1953): 485-507.

___. William Boyd Allison: A Study in Practical Politics. Iowa City: State Historical Society of Iowa, 1956.

U.S. Congress. William Boyd Allison (Late a Senator from Iowa): Memorial Addresses. 60th Cong., 2d sess., 1908-1909. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1909.

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