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ALLEN, Charles

1797–1869

Biography

ALLEN, Charles, (son of Joseph Allen and grandnephew of Samuel Adams), a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Worcester, Mass., August 9, 1797; attended the Leicester Academy 1809-1811 and Yale College in 1811 and 1812; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1818 and commenced practice in New Braintree; moved to Worcester in 1824 and continued the practice of law; member of the State house of representatives 1830, 1833, 1835, and 1840; served in the State senate 1836 and 1837; member of the Northeastern Boundary Commission in 1842; judge of the court of common pleas 1842-1845; delegate to the Whig National Convention at Philadelphia in 1848; elected by the Free-Soil Party to the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1853); was not a candidate for renomination in 1852; resumed the practice of law; member of the State constitutional convention in 1853; chief justice of the Suffolk County Superior Court 1859-1867; delegate to the peace convention held at Washington, D.C., in 1861, in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war; died in Worcester, Mass., August 6, 1869; interment in the Rural Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

American Antiquarian Society

Worcester, MA
Papers: 1832-1877, approximately 200 items. Most of the items in this collection are receipts and correspondence pertaining to the administration of Allen's estate by his son Charles Allen ( - ) and his executor Peter Child Bacon (1804-1886). There are leases, statements of assets and liabilities, his will, cancelled checks, receipts, and various account statements and inventories. The elder Allen's correspondence, for the period 1850 to 1863, and some papers relating to his estate settlement have been item-cataloged.
Papers: In the Quinsigamond Paper Mills Company Record Book, 1836-1838, 1 folder. Charles Allen was one of the directors of the company.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Texas Collection, 1836-1850, 5 items. The collections includes a report (1845 June 25) of a committee of Massachusetts legislators opposing the annexation of Texas signed by Charles Francis Adams, Charles Allen, and Stephen C. Phillips.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: In the Address to the people of the United States, 1845, 1 volume. The address on the proposed annexation of Texas delivered at a convention of delegates held at Faneuil Hall in Boston on 29 January 1845. The first seven pages of the manuscript are in Webster's hand, the remainder written by Charles Allen and Willard Phillips, organizers of the convention. Webster did not deliver the speech.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Hoar, George F[risbie]. Charles Allen of Worcester. Worcester, Mass.: Press of C. Hamilton, 1902.

A memorial of the Hon. Charles Allen, from his children. Cambridge [Mass.]: Press of J. Wilson and sons, 1870.

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