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AIKEN, David Wyatt

AIKEN, David Wyatt
Image courtesy of Library of Congress
1828–1887

Biography

AIKEN, David Wyatt, (father of Wyatt Aiken and cousin of William Aiken), a Representative from South Carolina; born in Winnsboro, Fairfield County, S.C., March 17, 1828; received his early education under private tutors; attended Mount Zion Institute, Winnsboro, and was graduated from South Carolina University, at Columbia, in 1849; taught school two years; engaged in agricultural pursuits in 1852; during the Civil War served in the Confederate Army as a private; appointed adjutant and later elected colonel of the Seventh Regiment of Volunteers; relieved from service by reason of wounds received on September 17, 1862, at Antietam; member of the State house of representatives 1864-1866; secretary and treasurer, Agricultural and Mechanical Society of South Carolina, 1869; member, executive committee, National Grange, 1873-1885, and served as chairman, 1875; delegate to the Democratic National Convention at St. Louis in 1876; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fifth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1877-March 3, 1887); chairman, Committee on Education (Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses); was not a candidate for renomination in 1886, being an invalid throughout his last term; died in Cokesbury, S.C., April 6, 1887; interment in Magnolia Cemetery, Greenwood, S.C.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library

Columbia, SC
Papers: ca. 1849-1916, 183 items and 5 volumes. The papers of D. Wyatt Aiken contain personal, business, and political papers and correspondence, travel and farm diaries, reports, autobiographical and biographical material, articles, and other papers. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Hugh Kerr Aiken Papers, 1832-1866, 149 items. Correspondents include David Aiken.
Papers: In the Virginia Carolina Smith Aiken Diary, 1872-1898, 13 volumes. The diary documents David Wyatt Aiken's travels and activities as a politician and activist on behalf of the grange movement and farmers' alliance. It also provides a detailed account of the final illness, medicinal use of morphine, and death of David Wyatt Aiken.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: ca. 1864, 1 item. An account of D. Wyatt Aiken's early years, written ca. 1864 while he was serving in the Confederate Army. The narrative covers his childhood, including his education at Mt. Zion Academy, Winnsboro, S.C.; his attendance at South Carolina College, Columbia, 1846-1849; his teaching at Mt. Zion, 1850; a long illness; courtship; and travels in England, the Continent, and the southern, eastern, and midwestern United States, 1848-1851.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Aiken, David Wyatt. The Grange; its origin, progress, and educational purposes ... read before a convention called by the Commissioner of Agriculture, January 23d, 1883, to consider the subject of agricultural education. Philadelphia: J. A. Wagenseller, 1884.

Hand, Samuel B. Friends, Neighbors, and Political Allies. Burlington: University of Vermont, 1986.

Pritchard, Claudius Hornby. Colonel D. Wyatt Aiken, 1828-1877, South Carolina's Militant Agrarian. Hampden-Sydney, Va.: Privately printed, 1970.

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