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ADAMS, Charles Francis

ADAMS, Charles Francis
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
1807–1886

Biography

ADAMS, Charles Francis, (son of John Quincy Adams and grandson of John Adams), a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Boston, Mass., August 18, 1807; spent several years with his parents in St. Petersburg, Russia; attended the Boston Latin School, and was graduated from Harvard University in 1825; studied law; was admitted to the bar on January 6, 1829, and commenced practice in Boston; member of the Massachusetts house of representatives 1841-1843; member of the Massachusetts state senate 1844-1845; founded the newspaper Boston Whig in 1846; unsuccessful candidate of the Free-Soil Party for Vice President of the United States in 1848; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses and served from March 4, 1859, to May 1, 1861, when he resigned to accept a diplomatic position; chairman, Committee on Manufactures (Thirty-sixth Congress); appointed by President Lincoln as Minister to England and served from March 20, 1861, to May 13, 1868; declined the presidency of Harvard University but became one of its overseers in 1869; died in Boston, Mass., November 21, 1886; interment in Mount Wollaston Cemetery, Quincy, Norfolk County, Mass.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: In the Adams Family Papers, ca. 1639-1889, 175 linear feet. Persons represented include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the Adams Family Papers Additions, 1833-1914, 1 box. Persons represented include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the Adams-Johnson-Clement Family Papers, 1841-1938, 3 boxes. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams. An unpublished guide is available in the library.
Papers: In the Charles Francis Adams II Papers, ca. 1861-1933, 29 cartons. Persons represented include Charles Francis Adams, Sr.
Microfilm: In the Henry Adams Papers, 1843-1938, 36 microfilm reels. Persons represented include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the John Quincy Adams Portrait Receipts, 1829-1830, 1 folder. Also includes a receipt signed by Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the George Bemis Papers, ca. 1794-1901, 11 boxes. Correspondents include Charles F. Adams. An unpublished box list is available in the library.
Papers: In the Francis W. Bird Papers, ca. 1852-1959, 1 folder. Persons represented include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the Collection of Massachusetts Literary Letters, 1844-1906, 1 folder. Persons represented include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the Dana Family Papers, 1654-1933, 87 boxes, 286 bound volumes and 2 oversize containers. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams. An unpublished guide is available in the library.
Papers: In the Samuel Downer Free Soil Party Reunion Records, ca. 1848-1881, 1 box. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the Horace Mann Papers III, 1709-1905, 1 narrow box and 1 oversize box. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams. An unpublished guide to the microfilm edition in the library.
Papers: In the Samuel F. McCleary Papers, 1704-1899, 1 narrow box. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In George Lyman Paine autograph collection. Unpublished guide in library.
Papers: In the Theodore Parker Papers, 1826-1862, 1 box and 14 volumes. Correspondents include Charles F. Adams. A published guide is available in the repository.
Papers: In the Francis Parkman Papers III, 1761-1932, 4 boxes and 1 oversize folder. Other authors include Charles Francis Adams. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.
Papers: In the Jonathan Phillips Papers, 1656-1860, 1 narrow box. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the Robie-Sewall Family Papers, 1611-1905, 2 boxes. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the Agnes Caroline Storer Autograph Collection, 1776-1922, 1 box. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams.

Adams National Historic Site

Quincy, MA
Papers: In Adams family papers, 1770-1910. 5 volumes and 17 items.

American Antiquarian Society

Worcester, MA
Papers: In the Adams Family Papers, 1673-1954, 9 letters. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams.

Boston Athenaeum

Boston, MA
Papers: 1831, 1 item. A letter from Charles Francis Adams to Josiah Quincy written on February 14, 1831. In the letter, Charles Francis Adams requests that he be considered a candidate for admission as an attorney of the Supreme Court.
Papers: 1840, 1 letter. A letter from Charles Francis Adams to Joseph B. Felt written on April 30, 1840. In the letter, Charles Francis Adams writes regarding information contained in the 18th century Price and Goldthwaite notarial records.

College of William and Mary
Manuscripts and Rare Books Department, Swem Library

Williamsburg, VA
Papers: In the John Tyler Papers, 1825-1928, 5,303 items. Other authors include Charles Francis Adams. An inventory is available in the library.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Adams Family Papers, 1776-1948, 230 items. The papers include correspondence with Charles Francis Adams. A finding aid is available in the library.
Microfilm: In the Adams Family Papers, 1639-1889, 608 microfilm reels. Persons represented include Charles Francis Adams. Originals are held by the Massachusetts Historical Society.
Papers: In the Causten-Pickett Papers, 1765-1916, 45 linear feet. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the Everett-Peabody Family Papers, 1778-1908, 3 boxes, 1 volume and 1 oversize volume. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the Joshua R. Giddings Papers, 1821-1866, 2.5 cubic feet. Other authors include Charles Francis Adams. An inventory is available in the library.
Microfilm: In the Joshua R. Giddings Papers, 1854-1860, 1 microfilm reel. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the William P. Lunt Family Papers, ca. 1756-1880, 1 box. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams.
Papers: In the George Lyman Paine Autograph Collection, 1660-1890, 1 box. Persons represented include Charles Francis Adams.

Western Reserve Historical Society Library

Cleveland, OH
Papers: In the Freeman Harlow Morse Papers, 1861-1888, 0.2 linear foot. Correspondents include Charles Francis Adams.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Adams, Brooks. Charles Francis Adams: An American Statesman. Boston: N.p., 1912.

Adams, Charles Francis. Charles Francis Adams. 1900. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, 1972.

----. Diary of Charles Francis Adams. 1964. Reprint, edited by Aïda DiPace Donald and David Donald. 8 vols. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1986.

----. John Adams / John Quincy Adams and Charles Francis Adams; introd. by Peter Shaw. New York: Chelsea House: distributed by Scribner Book Companies, 1980.

----. The Life of John Adams, begun by John Quincy Adams, completed by Charles Francis Adams. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1871. Reprint, St. Clair Shores, Mich.: Scholarly Press, 1971.

----. Minnesota as Seen by Travelers; Campaigning with Seward in 1860. Saint Paul: N.p., 1927.

----. An Oration, Delivered before the Municipal Authorities of the City of Fall River, July 4, 1860. Fall River, [Mass?]: Almy & Milne, Daily News Steam Printing House, 1860.

----. The Progress of Liberty, in a Hundred Years, an Oration, Delivered Before the Citizens of Taunton, 4th July 1876. Taunton, Mass.: Printed at the office of C.A. Hack & son, 1876.

----. Reflections upon the Present State of the Currency in the United States. Boston: E. Lincoln, 1837.

----. The Republican party a necessity. [Washington: N.p., 1860].

----. The Struggle for Neutrality in America: An Address Delivered before the New York Historical Society, at their Sixty-sixth Anniversary, December 13, 1870. New York: Charles Scribner and Co., 1871 (New York: New York Print. Co.).

----. Texas and the Massachusetts resolutions. Boston: Eastburn's Press, 1844.

Adams, Charles Francis. Charles Francis Adams; by his son Charles Francis Adams. 1909. Reprint, Tustin, Calif.: American Reprint Service, 1985.

Adams, James T. The Adams Family. Boston: Little, Brown, 1930.

Burt, Nathaniel. "Charles Francis Adams." In his First Families: The Making of an American Aristocracy, 230-240. Boston: Little, Brown, 1970.

Collins, Patrick A. Charles Francis Adams as Minister to England, and an Anti-Know-Nothing. Boston: Post Publishing Company, 1876.

Duberman, Martin B. Charles Francis Adams, 1807-1886. 1960. Reprint, Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, [1968].

----. "Charles Francis Adams, Antimasonry, and the Presidential Election of 1836." Mid-America 43 (April 1961): 114-26.

Ferris, Norman B. "American Diplomatist Confronts Victorian Society." History Today 15 (August 1965): 550-58.

Friedlaender, Marc. "Charles Francis Adams, Numismatist, Brought to the Bar: Groux vs. Adams." Massachusetts Historical Society Proceedings 86 (1974): 3-27.

Harbert, Earl N. "Charles Francis Adams (1807-1886): A Forgotten Family Man of Letters." Journal of American Studies (Great Britain) 6 (1972): 249-65.

Nagel, Paul C. "Reconstruction, Adams Style." Journal of Southern History 52 (February 1986): 3-18.

Perling, Joseph J. "Sons of John Quincy Adams." In his Presidents' Sons: The Prestige of Name in a Democracy, 30-49. New York: Odyssey Press, 1947.

Russell, Francis. "Charles Francis Adams: Voice of Honor." In hisAdams: An American Dynasty, 235-281. New York: American Heritage, 1976.

Shepherd, Jack. "The Union Is Not Destroyed." In his The Adams Chronicles: Four Generations of Greatness, 343-373. Boston: Little, Brown, 1975.

Stark, Cruce. "The Development of a Historical Stance: The Civil War Correspondence of Henry and Charles Francis Adams, Jr." Clio 4 (1975): 383-97.

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