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KENNEDY, John Fitzgerald



KENNEDY, John Fitzgerald, (brother of Edward Moore Kennedy, brother of Robert Francis Kennedy, grandson of John Francis Fitzgerald, uncle of Joseph Patrick Kennedy, uncle of Patrick Joseph Kennedy), A Representative and a Senator from Massachusetts and 35th President of the United States; born in Brookline, Norfolk County, Mass., May 29, 1917; attended the public and private schools of Brookline, Mass., Choate School, Wallingford, Conn., the London School of Economics at London, England, and Princeton University; graduated from Harvard University in 1940; attended Stanford University School of Business; during the Second World War served as a lieutenant in the United States Navy 1941-1945; PT boat commander in the South Pacific; author and newspaper correspondent; elected as a Democrat to the Eightieth, Eighty-first, and Eighty-second Congresses (January 3, 1947-January 3, 1953); did not seek renomination in 1952; elected to the United States Senate in 1952; reelected in 1958 and served from January 3, 1953 to December 22, 1960, when he resigned to become President of the United States; chairman, Special Committee on the Senate Reception Room (Eighty-fourth and Eighty-fifth Congresses); unsuccessfully sought the Democratic vice presidential nomination in 1956; elected thirty-fifth President of the United States in 1960, and was inaugurated on January 20, 1961; died in Dallas, Tex., November 22, 1963, from the effects of an assassin's bullet; remains returned to Washington, D.C.; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, November 24-25, 1963; interment in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.; posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on December 6, 1993.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Alabama Department of Archives and History

Montgomery, AL
Papers: Invitations (1961) to Frank W. Boykin; and correspondence in James Elisha Folsom papers, 1938-1981.

Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Diary entry in Anna Kobryn Boyka papers, 1910-1973.

Baylor University
W.R. Poage Legislative Library

Waco, TX
Papers: JFK Assassination Collections. The JFK Materials collection began in 2004 with the acquisition of the papers of Penn Jones, Jr. These papers included correspondence, manuscripts, cassette tapes, video tapes, magazines, photographs and various publications. Additional materials were given by Penn Jones' sons including a large group of materials related to Penn's service with the 36th Infantry Division in WWII. Other collections include Jack White and Gary Shaw collections and many others including 40+ JFK assassination research newsletter titles with over 800 individual issues, 420 magazine articles, 200+ videos, 100+ cassettes, HSCOAvideos and cassettes, correspondence from hundreds of individuals, general magazines, newspapers and videos documenting the life and death of President Kennedy. Additional collections from H. C. Nash, John Kelin, Chris Pike, Bob Platt, Doug Weldon, and Jack Hightower, as well as local Waco residents Larry Breen, Don Grisham and Joan Jasek. Finding aids available at

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1951-1962. 16 letters, 1 telegram, and photographs.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library

College Park, MD
Papers: 182 audiotapes (1956-1975) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Brown University

Providence, RI
Papers: Harold F. Tinker collection of John F. Kennedy materials, 1945-1971. 26 items. Correspondence, clippings, photographs, and published materials. Finding aid.

California State Archives

Sacramento, CA
Oral History: Discussed in interviews with Leisa Graeme Bronson (1989), 133 pages; John F. Burby (1987), 178 pages; Charles B. Garrigus (1988). 248 pages; Thomas J. MacBride (1987) 128 pages; Thomas M. Rees (1987), 388 pages; Nell Soto (1988), 116 pages; and Philip L. Soto (1988), 241 pages.

Columbia University
Oral History Project

New York, NY
Oral History: Discussed in interviews with Edward Annis; Barry Bingham; Roger Blough (1975), 316 leaves; Chester Bowles; Nelson Cruikshank; Elizabeth S. Ives; Walter Judd; Carl McGowan; Mike Monroney; Ivan Nestigen; Richard Neustadt (1961), 77 leaves; Charles Odell; Arthur Meier Schlesinger (1967), 43 leaves; John Sharon; Aaron Shikler (1977), 160 leaves; John L. Siegenthaler (1974), 121 leaves; Howard K. Smith; Almer Stillwell; Marietta Tree; Elizabeth Wickended; Kenneth Williamson; Irwin Wolkstein; Wilson Wyatt; and in Journalism lectures collection.
Oral History: 1972-1978. 443 leaves. Discussed in a series of interviews in preparation for a biography: Eleanor Dulles, 32 pages; Deirdre Henderson, 71 pages, permission required; John Hersey, 24 pages; Hubert H. Humphrey, 21 pages; John Johansen, 21 pages, permission required; Lawrence O'Brien, 43 pages; David F. Powers, 55 pages; James A. Rousmaniere, 34 pages; Seymour St. John, 23 pages; R. Sargent Shriver, 44 pages, permission required; Theodore Sorenson, 56 pages, permission required; and Frank Thompson, Jr. 19 pages. Permission required to cite, quote, and reproduce.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Frank Altschul papers, 1900-1981; Herbert H. Lehman papers, 1858-1963; Jacques Barzun papers, ca. 1900-1993; Louis P. Hammett papers, 1921-1986; Henry Beetle Hough papers, 1841-1986; National Emergency Civil Liberties Committee records, 1951-1985; Frederic C. Smedley papers, 1956-1976; George D. Woods papers, 1947-1972; and a poem in Meyer Schapiro papers, 1937-1979.

Dartmouth College

Hanover, NH
Papers: Correspondence in Grenville Clark papers, 1899-1972, written permission required; draft of "For John F. Kennedy," his inauguration, in Robert Frost notebook, 1961; and typescript poem by Robert Frost, "Dedication" with notations, read at President Kennedy's inauguration, 1961.

Duke University

Durham, NC
Papers: Correspondence in Basil Lee Whitener papers, 1889-1968.

East Carolina University
Joyner Library

Greenville, NC
Papers: Correspondence in Ira Thomas Wyche papers, 1941-1962.

Eastern Kentucky University
Special Collections and Archives

Richmond, KY
Papers: Correspondence in Keen Johnson papers, 1870-1970; and Robert Richard Martin papers, 1914-1976.

Georgetown University
Special Collections

Washington, DC
Papers: Ca. 1961-1979. Ca. 50 feet. Kennedy assassination collections. Includes Federal Bureau of Investigation files (photocopies), papers and photographs relating to New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison's investigations (1967-1968), papers relating to photographic evidence, copy of the Zapruder film, and ballistics analysis. Finding aid.

Harvard University
Law School Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in Lawrence Graham Brooks papers, 1897-1981; Herman LaRue Brown papers, 1890-1969; Walter Barton Leach papers, 1920-1971; and Arthur E. Sutherland papers, 1902-1973.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence and memorabilia in Robert Frost papers, 1915-1963.

Harvard University
Pusey Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in Seymour Edwin Harris papers, 1930-1974; Donald Howard Menzel papers, 1931-1977; Harvard University Press records, 1852-ongoing; Samuel Eliot Morison papers, 1807-1976; and Kenneth Todd Young papers, 1934-1973.

Lyndon Baines Johnson Library

Austin, TX
Papers: 1963-1967. 3 feet. Special file on the assassination including originals, copies of documents, and FBI reports on the deaths of Kennedy and Lee Harvey Oswald. Also television network film coverage (1961-1963) of the 1961 inauguration consisting of 245 sound recordings of speeches and remarks. A virtually complete collection recorded by the White House Communications Agency.

John F. Kennedy Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1947-1960. 430 feet. Pre-presidential papers (1946-1961), including files from his service in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate, campaign files, and presidential transition files. Portions available on microfilm. Also papers relating to his early years, presidency (1961-1963, 3,454 linear feet), and assassination. Include Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis papers, 1963-1968 (bulk 1964) (closed); Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy papers, 1896-1975 (closed); Joseph P. Kennedy papers, 1920-1969 (closed); Robert F. Kennedy pre-administration papers, 1937-1968, and attorney general papers, 1961-1964; Edward Moore Kennedy papers, 1960-1987; White House central files, 1961-1963; Miscellaneous presidential files, 1961-1963; social files, 1961-1963; Office of Congressional Relations files, 1961-1963; National Security files, 1961-1963; president's office files, 1961-1963. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: In White House staff files of McGeorge Bundy, 1961-1963, 1963-1987 (bulk 1963-1965); Chester Clifton, 1961-1963; Barbara Coleman, 1959-1968; Dorothy Davies, 1961-1963; Ralph Dugan, 1955-1963; Meyer Feldman, 1961-1964; Seymour Edwin Harris, 1954-1961; William J. Hartigan, 1961-1968; August Heckscher, 1962-1963; Christian Archibald Herter, 1962-1967; Frederick L. Holborn, 1961-1963; Charles Horsky, 1961-1965; James McCauley Landis, 1960-1961; Dean Markham, 1962-1965; Godfrey McHugh, 1961-1964; Kay O'Donnell, 1961-1963 (closed); Kenneth P. O'Donnell, 1962-1963, 1948-1975 (closed); George D. O'Gorman, 1961-1963; Timothy J. Reardon, 1960-1963; Walt Whitman Rostow, 1961; Pierre Salinger, 1960-1964; Janet Travell, 1959-1964; Stafford Warren, 1961-1963; Lee White, 1961-1963; Henry Hall Wilson, 1961-1962; Joseph E. Winslow, 1961-1963; and Harris Wofford, 1960 1962 (closed). Also materials in John Barriere papers, 1960; K. Lemoyne Billings correspondence, 1937-1939 (closed); Jerry Bruno papers, 1958-1971 (bulk 1960-1968); William A. Dunfrey papers, 1952-1968 (access restricted); Ralph A. Dungan papers, 1961-1977 (closed); Robert H. Estabrook papers, 1956-1969; James Fahey papers, 1892-1968; Lincoln Gordon papers, 1936-1970; David Hackett papers, 1960-1968; Deirdre Henderson papers, 1959-1961; Arthur Norman Holcombe papers, 1952-1961; Chet Huntley papers, 1963; Montague Kern papers, 1961-1969 (closed); Herbert Klotz papers, 1952-1963; Richard E. Neustadt papers, 1949-1972; Dorothy Gertrude O'Brien papers, 1959-1960, on 1 microfilm reel; Lawrence F. O'Brien papers, 1960-1972 (closed); David F. Powers papers, 1945-1963; Matthew A. Reese papers, 1960-1978 (closed); Stephen E. Smith papers, 1963 (closed); Charles J. Stewart papers, 1963; John S. Stillman papers, 1960-1968 (closed); David H. Stowe papers, 1960; Jerome B. Wiesner papers, 1961-1973 (closed); and Robert Coldwell Wood papers, 1960-1977.
Oral History: Ca. 1,000 interviews with individuals who knew and worked with Kennedy. In part microfiche of transcripts of interviews conducted by Columbia University Oral History Project. List of interviewees available. Partially restricted.
Oral History: 1988. 110 pages. Interviews concerning Kennedy's call to M.L. King, with Louis Maartin, Parren Mitchell, Sam Proctor, R. Sargent Shriver, Franklin Williams, and Harris Wofford.

Knox College
Seymour Library

Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (January 6, 1954) in Sang autograph collection, 1751-1954.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: Ca. 1960-1964. 1 container. Also 45 reels of microfilm of campaign material (1958-1960), appointment books (1961-1963), and press files (1961-1963). Originals in the John F. Kennedy Library. Also correspondence in David E. Finley papers, 1921-1977.
Papers: 1954-1965. 150 items. In part photocopies. Miscellaneous papers of or relating to Kennedy, including material concerning his assassination and funeral, his will, his presidential inauguration, and White House functions for 1961-1963.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 15 items in various collections.

Mississippi State University
Mitchell Memorial Library

Mississippi State, MS
Papers: 1 letter (1957) in the Hodding and Betty Werlain Carter papers.

National Archives and Records Administration

Washington, DC
Papers: 1958-1992. Ca. 810 cubic feet. Kennedy assassination records collection including Warren Commission records; House Select Committee on Assassinations records; Church committee records; Central Intelligence Agency records; Kennedy, Johnson, and Ford presidential libraries records; Rockefeller Commission records; and records of other agencies. This collection was created by the President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act of 1992 (PL 102-526). Finding aid.

New York City
Municipal Archives

New York, NY
Papers: Broadcast recording in WNYC radio station collection, 1938-1970.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1962. 1 item.

Providence College
Phillips Memorial Library

Providence, RI
Papers: 15 items (1953-1962) in John O. Pastore papers; correspondence in John Edward Fogarty papers, 1939-1967; and in Dennis Joseph Roberts papers, 1940-1968, an advisor to Kennedy (1957-1963).

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Alger family papers, 1809-1984; American Association of University Women, Boston branch, records, 1886-1978; Margaret Louise Murray Blizard papers, 1929-1985; Lorraine Rowan Cooper papers, 1936-1983; Mary Elizabeth Dreier papers, 1797-1963 (bulk 1897-1963); Martha May Eliot papers, 1898-1979; Alice Hamilton papers, 1909-1965; Anna Maria Lederer Rosenberg Hoffman papers, 1870-1983; Maida Springer Kemp papers, 1942-1981; Helen Hill Miller papers, 1917-1977; Esther Eggertsen Peterson papers, 1910-1984; Jeannette Rankin papers, 1879-1976 (bulk 1916-1973), available on 11 microfilm reels; Ruth Proskauer Smith papers, 1959-1975; Miriam Van Waters papers, 1861-1971; Eva Whiting White papers, 1900-1965.
Oral History: Mentioned in interviews with Katie Louchheim (1969,1978), 100 pages; and Esther Peterson (1976, 1977, 1983), 327 pages.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives

New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: 1960. 5 items. Letters sent to Tracy S. Voorhees.

Sangamon State University
Brookens Library Oral History Office

Springfield, IL
Oral History: Oral history collection relating to assassination, 1972-1980.

Scott E. Webber Collection

Stony Point, NY
Oral History: Mentioned in a James A. Farley interview.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project

Stanford, CA
Papers: Correspondence (photocopies) between Kennedy and King in David Garrow miscellaneous papers, 1954-1968. Duplicates in King Library and Archives, Martin Luther King, Jr. Center, Atlanta, GA. Originals in private custody.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections

Stanford, CA
Papers: In Paul Burgess Fay papers, 1966-1967; Douglass C. Hall papers, 1965; Maxwell Arnold Kennedy presidential campaign materials, 1959-1960; William M. Roth papers, 1914-1973 (bulk 1950-1973); Spyros P. Skouras papers, 1942-1971; William A. Swanberg papers, no date; and J. Arthur Younger papers, 1951-1968.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas H. Barland papers, 1956-1966; William J. Grede papers, 1909-1979; broadcast transcript of interview in William Howard Lawrence papers, 1936-1972; correspondence in Ivan Nestigen papers, 1942-1961; radio broadcast transcripts in Paul A. Shinkman papers, 1924-1969; Alexander Wiley papers, 1913-1967; correspondence in Wisconsin Humphrey for President Committee records, 1956-1960; and in Edwin Emil Witte papers, 1905-1967.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Platteville Area Research Center University of Wisconsin

Platteville, WI
Papers: Correspondence and papers in William Attwood papers, 1940-1987; Edwin R. Bayley papers, 1941-1992; Robert Bendiner papers, 1934-1984, on 17 microfim reels; Burton Benjamin papers, 1957-1985; Norman Clapp papers, 1944-1989; Wilbur J. Cohen papers, 1930-1987; Democratic Party of Wisconsin records, 1944-1987; James A. Dombrowski papers, 1918-1983; William Theodore Evjue papers, 1905-1969; Emile de Antonio papers, 1868-1989; Jay Hayden scrapbooks, 1916-1965; John Patrick Hunter papers, 1951-1970; James Loeb papers, 1937-1975; Staughton Lynd papers, 1940-1990; Robert MacNeil papers, 1956-1991; John Oakes papers, 1932-1969; Byron Price papers, 1901-1976; Marlene Sanders papers, 1933, 1957-1991; Dore Schary papers, 1920-1980; Ed Sullivan papers, 1920-1974; United Packinghouse, Food, and Allied Workers records, 1937-1982; Gore Vidal papers, 1888-1992; and Wisconsin governor records, 1954-1964.

University of Arkansas
Special Collections

Fayetteville, AR
Papers: Correspondence in Brooks Hays papers, 1915-1978.

University of Arkansas at Little Rock
Ottenheimer Library Archives and Special Collections

Little Rock, AR
Papers: Correspondence in Wallace Townsend papers, 1916-1971.

University of Colorado Libraries

Boulder, CO
Papers: Correspondence in J. Edgar Chenworth papers, ca. 1942-1964; and James G. Patton papers, 1920s-1970s.

University of Georgia
Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies

Athens, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Eugene Robert Black papers, 1917-1974.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department

Iowa City, IA
Papers: 1950, 1952, 1954, 1957-1962. 31 items.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Gardner Ackley papers, 1937-1987; Paul Blanshard papers, 1912-1974; Eleanor Bumgardner papers, 1919-1967; William Haber papers, 1918-1988; Harlan Henthorne Hatcher papers, 1931-1967; Marvin M. Meerse papers, 1943-1978; Blair Moody papers, 1928-1954; George Murphy papers, 1911-1961; James Kerr Pollock papers, 1920-1968; Hichman Price papers, 1918-1968; Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918-1969; and Timms family papers, 1919-1967.

University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Atkins Library

Charlotte, NC
Papers: Correspondence in Harry Golden papers, 1898-1970.

University of Oklahoma
Carl Albert Center Congressional Archives

Norman, OK
Papers: Typescript of interview in Jack Bell papers, 1937-1940.

University of Oregon
Knight Library

Eugene, OR
Papers: Correspondence in Wayne L. Morse papers, 1919-1969.

University of Texas
Division of Archives and Manuscripts

Arlington, TX
Papers: Correspondence re: JFK Memorial Commission in Bernard Rapoport papers, 1950-1976.

University of Toledo
Ward M. Canaday Center for Special Collections

Toledo, OH
Papers: Film [1955?] a history of the Democratic party narrated by Kennedy and correspondence in John Patrick Kelly papers, 1941-1976; and letters of condolence (1963) on death of Kennedy in Foy D. Kohler papers, 1935-1981.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Stuart E. Brown papers, 1946-1978 (bulk 1953-1972); Dumas Malone papers, 1913-1986; and Hugh Scott papers, 1925-1983. Finding aid.

University of Washington Libraries
Manuscripts and University Archives

Seattle, WA
Papers: Correspondence in Henry M. Jackson papers, 1936-1983; and Kennedy for President state campaign records, 1958-1960.

Wayne State University
Walter P. Reuther Library

Detroit, MI
Papers: Correspondence in International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, Walter P. Reuther collection, 1933-1970; and Roy Reuther papers, 1924-1971.

Western Kentucky University Library
Special Collections

Bowling Green, KY
Papers: 1960-1963. 24 items. Correspondence, related items (3), and printed items (2); and photographs.

Western Reserve Historical Society

Cleveland, OH
Papers: In the Cyrus Eaton papers, 1901-1978. Finding aid.

Wheaton College
Billy Graham Center Archives

Wheaton, IL
Papers: Correspondence in Billy Graham papers, 1863-1980.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In Dean Acheson papers, 1898-1986; Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1973; John Sylvester Fischer papers, 1907-1980; Arthur Bliss Lane papers, 1904-1957; Latin America national security files, 1961-1963, on 10 microfilm reels of originals in John F. Kennedy Library; Paul Palmer papers, 1929-1960; and Edwin Richard Weinerman papers, 1908-1970.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: American Bible Society Archives, New York, NY; Center for Migration Studies, Staten Island, New York, NY; City University of New York, City College Archives, New York, NY; College of St. Thomas Library, St. Paul, MN; Cornell University, Labor Management Documentation, Ithaca, NY; Emory University, Special Collections, Atlanta, GA; Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, NY; George C. Marshall Research Foundation Library, Lexington, VA; Hagley Museum and Library, Greenville, DE; Harry S. Truman Library, Independence, MO; Harvard Theatre Collection, Harvard College Library, Cambridge, MA; Idaho State Historical Society, Boise, ID; Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, IN; Indiana University Northwest Library, Calumet Regional Archives, Gary, IN; Jewish Theological Seminary of America Library, New York, NY; Louisiana State Library, Baton Rouge, LA; Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul, MN; New York Public Library, New York, NY; New York Stock Exchange Archives, New York, NY; New York Times Archives, New York, NY; Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences, New York, NY; Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Art, Washington, DC; South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston, SC; St. Bonaventure University, Friedsam Memorial Library, St. Bonaventure, NY; Hoover Institution Archives, Stanford, CA; Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library, Syracuse, NY; Temple University Libraries, Philadelphia, PA; United Negro College Fund Archives, New York, NY; University of California, Bancroft Library, Berkeley, CA; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Archives, IL; University of Minnesota, Immigration History Research Center, St. Paul, MN; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; and Wake Forest University, Z. Smith Reynolds Library, Winston-Salem, NC.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Adler, Bill, ed. The Kennedy Wit. New York: Citadel Press, 1964.

___, ed. More Kennedy Wit. New York: Bantam Press, 1965.

Brogan, Hugh. Kennedy. New York: Longman, 1996.

Burner, David, and Thomas R. West. The Torch Is Passed: The Kennedy Brothers and American Liberalism. New York: Atheneum, 1984.

Burns, James MacGregor. John Kennedy: A Political Profile. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1961.

Crown, James Tracy. The Kennedy Literature: A Bibliographical Essay on John F. Kennedy. New York: New York University Press, 1968.

Dallek, Robert. An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963. Boston: Little Brown Co., 2003.

Dollen, Charles. John F. Kennedy, American. Boston: St. Paul Editions, 1965.

Giglio, James N., comp. John F. Kennedy: A Bibliogaphy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995.

Goldman, Alex J., ed. The Quotable Kennedy. New York: Citadel Press, 1965.

Gray, Charles H. "A Scale Analysis of the Voting Records of Senators Kennedy, Johnson and Goldwater, 1957-1960." American Political Science Review 59 (September 1965): 615-21.

Kennedy, John F. "Congressional Lobbies: A Chronic Problem Re-examined." Georgetown Law Journal 45 (Summer 1957): 535-67.

___. A Nation of Immigrants. 1959. Rev. and enlarged ed., with introduction by Robert F. Kennedy and new preface by John P. Roche. New York: Harper & Row, 1986.

___. Prelude to Leadership: The European Diary of John F. Kennedy, Summer 1945. Washington: Regnery Publishing, 1995.

___. Profiles in Courage. 1956. Memorial ed. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.

___. Why England Slept. 1940. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981.

___, ed. As We Remember Joe. Cambridge, MA: Privately published, 1945.

Lemke, William Edgar. "The Political Thought of John F. Kennedy: To the Inaugural Address." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maine, 1973.

Lincoln, Evelyn. My Twelve Years with John F. Kennedy. New York: D. McKay Co., 1965.

Lowe, Jacques. Portrait: The Emergence of John F. Kennedy. New York: McGraw Hill, 1961.

Matthews, Christopher. Kennedy & Nixon: The Rivalry that Shaped Postwar America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996.

Nevins, Allan, ed. The Strategy of Peace. New York: Harper & Row, 1960.

Newcomb, Joan I., comp. John F. Kennedy: An Annotated Bibliography. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1977.

Nurse, Ronald Joseph. "America Must Not Sleep: The Development of John F. Kennedy's Foreign Policy Attitudes, 1947-1960." Ph.D. dissertation, Michigan State University, 1971.

O'Donnell, Kenneth P., and David F. Powers. "Johnny, We Hardly Knew Ye": Memories of John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1972.

O'Hara, William T., ed. John F. Kennedy on Education. New York: Teachers College Press, Columbia University, 1966.

Parmet, Herbert S. Jack: The Struggles of John F. Kennedy. New York: Dial Press, 1980.

___. JFK: The Presidency of John F. Kennedy. New York: Dial Press, 1983.

Rorabaugh, W.J. Kennedy and the Promise of the Sixties. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Ryan, Dorothy, and Louis J. Ryan, comps. The Kennedy Family of Massachusetts: A Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981.

Sable, Martin H. A Bio-Bibliography of the Kennedy Family. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1969.

Sanghvi, Ramesh. John F. Kennedy: A Political Biography. Bombay: Perennial Press, 1961.

Shaw, John. JFK in the Senate: Pathway to the Presidency. New York City: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

Sorensen, Theodore C. Kennedy. 1965. Reprint, with new introduction. New York: Perennial Library, 1988.

___. The Kennedy Legacy. 1969. Special ed. New York: Macmillan Co., 1993.

___, comp. "Let the Word Go Forth": The Speeches, Statements, and Writings of John F. Kennedy. New York: Dell Publishing, 1991.

Stone, Ralph A., ed. John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963: Chronology--Documents--Bibliographical Aids. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1971.

U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses in the Congress of the United States and Tributes in Eulogy of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Late a President of the United States. 88th Cong., 2d sess., 1964. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1964.

Whalen, Thomas J. Kennedy Versus Lodge: The 1952 Massachusetts Senate Race. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2000.

White, Theodore H. The Making of the President, 1960. 1961. Reprint. New York: Atheneum, 1988.

Wicker, Tom. JFK and LBJ: The Influence of Personality Upon Politics. New York: William Morrow & Co., 1968.

Wszelaki, Jan H., ed. John F. Kennedy and Poland: Selection of Documents, 1948-1963. New York: Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences in America, 1964.

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Related Media

Lying-in-State Ceremony for President John F. Kennedy: Part One

Recollections of President John F. Kennedy's Lying-in-State Ceremony at the Capitol, November 24-25, 1963

George W. Andrews III, Page, U.S. House of Representatives, and Son of Representatives George and Elizabeth Andrews of Alabama
Interview recorded May 21, 2010 Deed of Gift
Transcript (PDF)

Lying-in-State Ceremony for President John F. Kennedy: Part Two

Recollections of President John F. Kennedy's Lying-in-State Ceremony at the Capitol, November 24-25, 1963

George W. Andrews III, Page, U.S. House of Representatives, and Son of Representatives George and Elizabeth Andrews of Alabama
Interview recorded May 21, 2010 Deed of Gift
Transcript (PDF)