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WINGATE, Paine, a Delegate, a Senator, and a Representative from New Hampshire; born in Amesbury, Mass., May 14, 1739; graduated from Harvard College in 1759; studied theology and was ordained a minister of the Congregational Church in 1763, holding a pastorate in Hampton Falls, N.H., until 1776; moved to Stratham, N.H., in 1776 and engaged in agricultural pursuits; member of the State constitutional convention in 1781; member, State house of representatives 1783; Member of the Continental Congress in 1788; elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1793; elected to the Third Congress (March 4, 1793-March 3, 1795); member, State house of representatives 1795; judge of the superior court of New Hampshire 1798-1809; withdrew from political life and resumed agricultural pursuits; died in Stratham, N.H., on March 7, 1838, being the last survivor of the Continental Congress; interment in Stratham Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 item (February 21, 1791) in the Chamberlain collection of autographs.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: September 23, 1806. 1 letter.

Dartmouth College

Hanover, NH
Papers: 1790-1792. 40 letters. Also Wingate's death is discussed extensively in David Joseph Clark diary, January 1, 1838-March 1, 1839.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: 1732-1850. 3 boxes. Correspondence, family letters, sermons, prayers and forms of service, legal and financial documents, minutes of town and church meetings, diary pages (1764), property records and drawings, indentures, and other papers. Finding aid. Also 1 item (August 1, 1789) in Dearborn collection.

Harvard University
Pusey Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: Correspondence in Benjamin Peirce papers, 1786-1833.

Haverford College

Haverford, PA
Papers: 1 item (March 14, 1790) in the Charles Roberts autograph collection.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1 item (September 17, 1789) in the Dreer collection; 1 item (October 11, 1790) in the Etting collection; 1 letter (April 27, 1789) in the Gratz collection; and 1 item (September 24, 1789).

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1794. 2 letters. Also 3 items (October 16, 1789-February 17, 1791) in George Washington papers.

Litchfield Historical Society

Litchfield, CT
Papers: 1 item (October 26, 1791) in Ransom autograph collection.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 7 letters (1789-1790) in the Belknap papers; 18 letters (1789-1790) in the Pickering papers; 2 letters (March 25, June 2, 1790) in the Putnam-Jackson-Lowell papers; and 1 item (April 8, 1789) in Miscellaneous papers.

New Hampshire Historical Society

Concord, NH
Papers: 185 items (1 volume) in Hampton Falls, NH, marriage permits, 1742-1776, from his career as a minister; 103 items in Wingate family papers, 1769-1897, including letters received while minister, family letters, a letter from Pierse Long concerning the ratification of Constitution, a letter by Wingate on defeat of General St. Clair, and land deeds; and 1 item (February 4, 1791) in Peabody papers.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: June 13, 1789. 1 item.

New York Public Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1 item (August 28, 1789) in the Thomas Addis Emmet collection.

Peabody Essex Museum

Salem, MA
Papers: 2 letters (1789) in the Timothy Pickering papers; and 1 item (July 18, 1789) in Dr. Henry Wheatland manuscripts.

Smithsonian Institution
National Museum of American History

Washington, DC
Papers: 1 item (September 1, 1789) in Hull collection of letters concerning the Adams family.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Wingate, Charles Edgar Lewis. Life and Letters of Paine Wingate, One of the Fathers of the Nation. 2 vols. Winchester, MA: J.D.P. Wingate, 1930.

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