WALLACE, William Henson

1811–1879

Biography

WALLACE, William Henson, a Delegate from the Territories of Washington and Idaho; born in Troy, Miami County, Ohio, July 19, 1811; attended the common schools of Indiana; studied law; was admitted to the bar and practiced; moved to Iowa in 1837; appointed colonel of State troops; appointed receiver of public money at Fairfield, Iowa; moved to the Territory of Washington in 1853; member of the Territorial council in 1855 and 1856 and served as president of the council; appointed Governor of the Territory of Washington in 1861, but did not qualify, having been elected as a Republican a Delegate from the Territory of Washington to the Thirty-seventh Congress (March 4, 1861-March 3, 1863); was appointed as the first Governor of the Territory of Idaho in 1863; elected as a Republican a Delegate from the Territory of Idaho to the Thirty-eighth Congress and served from February 1, 1864, to March 3, 1865; died in Steilacoom, Pierce County, Wash., on February 7, 1879; interment in Fort Steilacoom Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Idaho State Historical Society Library & Archives

Boise, ID
Papers: 1861-1879, 1 foot. The papers of William Henry Wallace contain letters (1861-1863) relating to activities in the Puget Sound region of Washington Territory, for which Wallace served as a delegate in the U.S. Congress. Letters (1864-1865), written during Wallace's term as territorial delegate from Idaho, concern conditions there and the Federal Government's intentions for the Territory. There are also a small number of letters to Mrs. Wallace. In part, typed transcriptions. An unpublished guide is available in the repository.
Papers: 1863, 2 items. Includes William Henry Wallace's certificate of appointment as governor of the Territory of Idaho.
Papers: 1863-1866, 5 items. Papers for William Henry Wallace contain election results for the Idaho territorial delegate's seat (1863); certificate of appointment as delegate to the National Union Convention (1864); letter from A.L. Dorimer, Lewiston, Idaho, regarding the convention. Photocopies.
Papers: 1864, 1 item. A letter, on congressional stationery, giving a brief autobiographical sketch of William Henry Wallace.

University of Washington Library
Special Collections, Allen Library South

Seattle, WA
Papers: 1841-1879, 0.96 cubic foot. The William Henson Wallace Papers contain correspondence (chiefly concerning Indian wars, politics, and patronage), business records, documents, memoranda, and other papers.
Papers: In the Ebey Family Papers 1849-1918, 3.39 cubic feet. Correspondents include William Henson Wallace.

Washington State Archives

Olympia, WA
Papers: In the Territorial Governor William H. Wallace Papers, 1861, 0.5 cubic foot. Incoming and outgoing correspondence with William H. Wallace pertaining to Territorial Government matters. Of particular interest are the documents concerning the creation of several counties in territory transferred from Oregon when Oregon became a state in 1859. Those counties are now part of the state of Idaho.

Washington State Historical Society

Tacoma, WA
Papers: 1840-1930. 86 items. Family correspondence, maps, photographs, and legal papers. Unpublished inventory in library. Restricted.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bird, Annie Laurie. "William Henson Wallace, Pioneer Politician." Pacific Northwest Quarterly 49 (April 1958): 61-76.

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