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WADSWORTH, Jeremiah, a Delegate and a Representative from Connecticut; born in Hartford, Conn., July 12, 1743; attended the common schools; went to sea in 1761; became first mate of a vessel and subsequently master; served as deputy and commissary general 1775-1778 during the Revolution; Member of the Continental Congress in 1788; member of the Connecticut ratification convention in 1788; elected to the First, Second, and Third Congresses (March 4, 1789-March 3, 1795); was not a candidate for reelection; member of the State house of representatives in 1795 and of the State executive council 1795-1801; engaged in agricultural pursuits; died in Hartford, Conn., April 30, 1804; interment in Ancient Burying Ground.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Connecticut Historical Society

Hartford, CT
Papers: 1756-1866. 20 feet (ca. 15,000 items). Correspondence, letter books, account books, bills, receipts, and other business and military papers, chiefly during the Revolution, but covering all phases of his career. Unpublished calendar in repository.
Papers: 1776, 1 page. A bill to Jeremiah Wadsworth written on June 20, 1776. The bill contains charges for drawing the likenesses of Jeremiah Wadsworth's three children. Receipt for forty shillings signed on verso by Jacob Sebor.
Papers: 1780, 1 item. A letter from Oliver Ellsworth to Jeremiah Wadsworth written on April 15, 1780. In the letter, Oliver Ellsworth writes about Wadsworth's difficulties getting reimbursement from the Continental Congress for money spent on supplies from Connecticut. Ellsworth urges Wadsworth to send the Treasury proof of what he has paid from his own funds. Mentions Col. Henry Champion, who in 1780 was appointed commissary of the eastern department of the Continental Army.
Papers: 1781, 1 page. A letter from Jeremiah Wadsworth to Nehemiah Hubbard written on November 17, 1781. In the letter, Jeremiah Wadsworth gives instructions on bills to be paid and on where to take the horses purchased.
Papers: 1787, 1 page. A bill of sale from Elisha Brewster to Jeremiah Wadsworth, August 23, 1787. The bill is for the sale of an African-American family consisting of Peleg, his wife Lucy, their son Peter and their daughter Peggy, all of Worthington, Mass., for a total of 120 pounds.
Papers: 1788, 1 sheet. An account of the State of Connecticut with Jeremiah Wadsworth for his services as a delegate to Congress from January to Ocotber 1788.
Papers: 1789, 1 page. A letter from William Blodget to Jeremiah Wadsworth written on January 26, 1789. In the letter, William Blodget sends a questionnaire and requests a draft of Hartford with its parishional divisions to assist him in preparing a map of Connecticut; information is to be sent to Josiah Meigs of New Haven, Conn.
Papers: 1789, 4 pages. A letter from Jeremiah Wadsworth to Tobias Lear written on February 15, 1789. In the letter, Jeremiah Wadsworth encloses samples of wool for George Washington's inaugural suit, hoping that by wearing cloth made in Hartford, Conn., the president would set the fashion and thereby encourage one of America's infant manufactories rather than continuing the trend of buying cloth made in Britain.
Papers: 1789, 2 pages. A letter from James Eldredge to Jeremiah Wadsworth written on June 29, 1789. In the letter, James Eldredge offers to sell Jeremiah Wadsworth a jackass exceeded in size only by General Washington's and states terms of payment.
Papers: 1794, 2 pages. A letter from Jonathan Trumbull to Jeremiah Wadsworth written on September 16, 1794. In the letter, Jonathan Trumbull writes that he will confirm curious information with Mr. Stone and discuss election results and David Trumbull's account of the West.
Papers: In the Hector St. John de Crevecoeur Letters, 1785-1789, 17 items. Letters written by de Crevecoeur while he was French Consul in New York to Jeremiah and Harriet Wadsworth. They primarily concern a diploma de Creveceour received from the city of Hartford, embossed with city's seal. One letter was written by Nat Thaler, Wadsworth's agent in New York, on de Crevecoeur's behalf, and one was addressed to Harriet Wadsworth.
Papers: In the Silas Deane Papers, 1740-1842, 7 feet. Other authors include Jeremiah Wadsworth.
Papers: In the Catharine Greene Letters to Jeremiah Wadsworth, 1781-1792, 10 items. Photocopies of typescripts.
Papers: In the New Haven Colony Collection, 1701-1869, 68 items. Correspondents include Jeremiah Wadsworth.
Papers: In the David Trumbull Papers, 1773-1823, 3 boxes. Correspondents include Jeremiah Wadsworth.
Microfilm: In the Noah Webster Papers, ca. 1790-1868, 1 microfilm reel. Other authors include Jeremiah Wadsworth.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 13 items.

Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library

Williamsburg, VA
Papers: In the Wadsworth and Carter Receipts, 1782-1783, 14 items. Bills and receipts of the firm of [Jeremiah] Wadsworth and [Col.] Carter [alias of John Barker Church], American agents for the French army. Documents relate to circumstances surrounding the Battle of Yorktown, October 1781, primarily concerning the return of wagons and teams of horses. Other receipts cover shoeing horses, travelling, recruiting army drivers, food grains, straw, wood, salt and labor costs. Mentioned specifically are Count de Rochambeau, Marquis de Lafayette, and the "Duke's [Lauzun] Legion" in Hampton [Va.].

The Copley Press
J.S. Copley Library

La Jolla, CA
Papers: 1792, 2 pages. A letter from Edward Rutledge to Jeremiah Wadsworth written on May 31, 1792. In the letter, Edward Rutledge discusses the settlement of the estate of General Nathanael Greene, mentioning several problems. "The Negroes for which these Bonds were given, were under Mortgage, the Mortgage has never been cancelled, or satisfied, & never will be without a Seizure of the Negroes, consequently the Bonds have continued unpaid ..."

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Microfilm: 1775-1833, 2 microfilm reels. Microfilm and enlargement prints of Wadsworth's correspondence with Joseph Trumbull, Israel Putnam, D. Putnam, David Humphreys, Comte de Rochambeau, Aaron Burr, Marquis de Lafayette, Rufus King, Jonathan Trumbull, G. Moulton, John Trumbull, John Adams, and others. Microfilm and photocopies of originals in private hands.
Papers: 1776, 1 item. True copy of a congressional resolution (1776 December 26) signed by John Hancock empowering Joseph Trumbull as commissary general to acquire flour and the ships with which to transport it from Virginia and other southern states, followed by a copy of an order by Trumbull to Jeremiah Wadsworth and an order by Wadsworth to Peter Colt for the acquisition of ships.
Papers: In the Alexander Hamilton Papers, 1708-1903, 22.4 linear feet. Correspondents include Jeremiah Wadsworth. A finding aid is available in the library.
Papers: In the John K. Porter Autograph Collection, 1600-1882, 156 items. Persons represented include Jeremiah Wadsworth.
Papers: In the Benjamin Tallmadge Letters, 1781-1782, 2 items. The letter include one from Benjamin Tallmadge to Jeremiah Wadsworth on March 24, 1782. In the letter, Benjamin Tallmadge writes pertaining to British military activities on Long Island, N.Y.
Papers: In James Wadsworth family papers, 1730-1953. 51 containers. Register.
Papers: In the Wadsworth and Putnam Family Papers, 1704-1837, 157 items. Persons represented include Jeremiah Wadsworth.
Papers: In the James Wilkinson Papers, 1780-1824, 29 items. Persons represented include Jeremiah Wadsworth.

Litchfield Historical Society

Litchfield, CT
Papers: 1777-1798. 23 cards. Personal, business, and congressional papers and correspondence, some copies of material in other repositories. Finding aid available.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1776-1802, approximately 150 items. Correspondence, business and military accounts, and commissary records, 1776-1802, of Connecticut merchant and commissary general of the Continental Army, Jeremiah Wadsworth.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Destler, Chester McArthur. "Forward Wheat for the New England: The Correspondence of John Taylor of Carolina with Jeremiah Wadsworth, in 1795." Agricultural History 42 (July 1968): 201-10.

Platt, John D.R."Gentleman Farmer and the New Agriculture: Jeremiah Wadsworth." Agricultural History 46 (January 1972): 135-53.

---. "Jeremiah Wadsworth's Coach." Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin 28 (April 1963): 42-44.

---. Jeremiah Wadsworth: Federalist Entrepreneur." Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1955.

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