THOMAS, Philip Francis

THOMAS, Philip Francis
Image courtesy of Library of Congress


THOMAS, Philip Francis, a Representative and Senator-elect from Maryland; born in Easton, Talbot County, Md., September 12, 1810; attended the academy in Easton, and was graduated from Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., in 1830; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1831 and commenced practice in Easton, Md.; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1836; member of the State house of delegates in 1838, 1843, and 1845; elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-sixth Congress (March 4, 1839-March 3, 1841); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1840; resumed the practice of law; Governor of Maryland 1848-1851; judge of the land office court of eastern Maryland; Comptroller of the United States Treasury 1851-1853; collector of the port of Baltimore, Md., 1853-1860; United States Commissioner of Patents from February 16 to December 10, 1860; appointed Secretary of the Treasury in the Cabinet of President Buchanan and served from December 10, 1860, to January 11, 1861; again a member of the State house of delegates in 1863; presented credentials as a Senator-elect to the United States Senate for the term beginning March 4, 1867, but was not seated; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1875-March 3, 1877); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1876; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1878; again elected a member of the State house of delegates in 1878 and 1883; delegate to the Democratic State convention in 1883; resumed the practice of law in Easton, Md.; died in Baltimore, Md., October 2, 1890; interment in Spring Hill Cemetery, Easton, Md.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1877-1895, 6 items. The papers of Philip Francis Thomas contain a speech (1877 February 28; House of Representatives) by Thomas concerning constitutional provisions for the election of the president and vice president of the United States; and letters (1895 March) from several of Thomas’s colleagues in response to inquiries by Worthington Chauncey Ford regarding Thomas’s departure from his post as U.S. secretary of the treasury in 1861.
Papers: In the Blair Family Papers, ca. 1755-1968, 29.5 linear feet. Correspondents include Philip F. Thomas.

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore, MD
Papers: In the Wright-May-Thom Family Papers, ca. 1875-1887, 5 items. The papers include correspondence of Philip Francis Thomas (5 items) that is composed of 3 incoming letters and a draft of a response to a fourth letter. One letter concerns the sale of some hams; the others refer to political and personal subjects. Thomas' letters to his wife Clintonia are filed with her incoming letters (Boxes 7 and 8). The bills and receipts in Thomas' name (1879-1884; 26 items) are for groceries and household items. Other receipted bills were in the name of his wife, Clintonia, and have been arranged in her papers (Box 9). A handbill announcing a speech to be given by Thomas has been transferred to the Prints and Photographs Division. A few of Thomas' outgoing letters are among the papers of his wife, Clintonia W.M. Thomas.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: N.d., 1 item. An autograph signature clipped from the register of Brown's Hotel : Washington, [n.d.].

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: June 13, 1849. 1 letter. Finding aid in repository.
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