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TAZEWELL, Littleton Waller



TAZEWELL, Littleton Waller, (son of Henry Tazewell), a Representative and a Senator from Virginia; born in Williamsburg, Va., December 17, 1774; privately tutored; graduated from the College of William and Mary at Williamsburg in 1791; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1796 and commenced practice in James City County; member, State house of delegates 1798-1800; elected to the Sixth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John Marshall and served from November 26, 1800, to March 3, 1801; moved to Norfolk, Va., in 1802; member, General Assembly 1804-1806; member, Virginia House of Delegates 1816-1817; one of the commissioners of claims under the treaty with Spain ceding Florida in 1821; elected in 1824 to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Taylor; reelected in 1829, and served from December 7, 1824, to July 16, 1832, when he resigned; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Twenty-second Congress; chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations (Twentieth through Twenty-second Congresses); delegate to the State convention in 1829; Governor of Virginia from 1834 until his resignation in 1836; retired from public life; died in Norfolk, Va., May 6, 1860; interment on his estate on the Eastern Shore of Virginia; reinterment in 1866 in Elmwood Cemetery, Norfolk, Va.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 2 letters.

Colonial Williamsburg Foundation

Williamsburg, VA
Papers: Correspondence in manuscript collections, 1664-1925. Ca. 251 items and 8 volumes. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence (1819-1849) in John Caldwell Calhoun papers, 1819-1850. In part, photocopies and transcripts.

Library of Virginia

Richmond, VA
Papers: 1834-1839. 2 cubic feet. Gubernatorial papers (1834-1836) and executive letterbooks (1830-1839). Finding aid.
Additional Papers: In Tazewell family papers, 1694-1931, 4,878 items and 18 volumes; Tazewell family correspondence, 1790-1848, originals at University of Virginia; Tucker-Ewell papers, 1770-1893; William Hodgson letterbook, 1803-1807; John Wickham papers, 1766-1875, originals at Virginia Historical Society. Finding aid.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1822. 1 item.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: February 1829. 2 letters. To and from Andrew Jackson notifying him of his election to the presidency and his acceptance to Tazewell as chair of the congressional joint committee appointed for the purpose.

University of Georgia
Hargrett Library for Rare Books and Manuscripts

Athens, GA
Papers: 6 letters (1825-1849) discussing congressional matters in the John Berrien collection.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Ca. 505 items (1790-1848) in Tazewell family and other papers. Chiefly personal, business, and political papers. Finding aid.

Virginia Historical Society

Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: In Benajah Ticknor papers, 1818-1852.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Heaton, Lynda R. "Littleton Waller Tazewell's Sketch of His Own Family 1823; transcribed and edited by Lynda R. Heaton." Master's thesis, College of William and Mary, 1967.

___, ed. " 'This Excellent Man': Littleton Waller Tazewell's Sketch of Benjamin Waller." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 89 (April 1981): 143-52.

Peterson, Norma Lois. Littleton Waller Tazewell. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1983.

___. "Littleton Waller Tazewell." Virginia Cavalcade 22 (Spring 1973): 5-11.

Sawers, Timothy R. "The Public Career of Littleton Waller Tazewell, 1824-1836." Ph.D. dissertation, Miami University, 1972.

Toombs, Kenneth E. "The Early Life of Littleton Waller Tazewell, 1774-1815." Master's thesis, University of Virginia, 1955.

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