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TAWNEY, James Albertus

TAWNEY, James Albertus
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object


TAWNEY, James Albertus, a Representative from Minnesota; born in Mount Pleasant Township, near Gettysburg, Adams County, Pa., January 3, 1855; apprenticed with his father as a blacksmith; subsequently learned the trade of machinist; moved to Winona, Minn., August 1, 1877, where he was employed as a blacksmith and machinist until January 1, 1881; attended the law department of the University of Wisconsin at Madison; was admitted to the bar in 1882 and commenced practice in Winona, Winona County, Minn.; member of the State senate of Minnesota in 1890; elected as a Republican to the Fifty-third and to the eight succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1893-March 3, 1911); majority whip (Fifty-fifth through Fifty-eighth Congresses); chairman, Committee on Appropriations (Fifty-ninth through Sixty-first Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1910; member of the International Joint Commission, created to prevent disputes regarding the use of boundary waters between the United States and Canada, from March 11, 1911, until his death, serving as chairman of the United States section from September 17, 1911, to December 1, 1914; died at Excelsior Springs, Clay County, Mo., June 12, 1919; interment in Woodlawn Cemetery, Winona, Minn.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Minnesota Historical Society

St. Paul, MN
Papers: 1876-1919, 8 cubic feet. The papers of James Albertus Tawney contain correspondence that throws light on bills concerning such subjects as salaries of Post Office Department employees, arbitration of disputes between railroad companies and their employees, fortification of the Panama Canal, and appropriations for the U. S. Navy and the geological survey. Letters from manufacturers throughout the United States concern tariffs, especially on sugar, lumber, and tools. There is material on Tawney's disagreement with President Roosevelt regarding the secret service, on his relationship with Speaker Joseph Cannon, and on his work as chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations, of its committee on the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, and of the International Joint Commission. Also present are campaign literature; propaganda issued by the National Dairy Union concerning Tawney's action against the oleomargarine law; data on the organization of the Republican party in Minnesota and other states, particularly Wisconsin and Missouri; drafts and printed copies of speeches; and eight boxes of newspaper clippings on Tawney and on political questions. Scrapbooks and diaries contain information on social life near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (1875), notations about lawsuits in Minnesota (1885, 1888), and a few comments on actions of the Minnesota Senate (1891). A finding aid is available in the repository.
Papers: In the J. A. A. Burnquist Papers, 1884-1961, 15 cubic foot. Other authors include James Albertus Tawney.
Papers: In the Frank A. Day Papers, 1889-1928, 2 cubic feet. Correspondents include James Albertus Tawney.
Papers: In the Stiles P. Jones and Family Papers, 1848-1918, 0.5 cubic foot. Other authors include James Albertus Tawney.
Papers: In the Louis E. Larson and Family Papers, 1857-1916, 0.25 cubic foot. Correspondents include James Albertus Tawney.
Papers: In the John and Norman Lind Papers, 1870-1933, 6.75 cubic feet. orrespondents include James Albertus Tawney.
Papers: In the Charles R. McKenney and Family Papers, ca. 1891-1937, 36 items in 1 folder. Other authors include James Albertus Tawney.
Papers: In the Knute Nelson Papers, ca. 1861-1924, 82 cubic feet. Other authors include James Albertus Tawney.
Papers: In the George T. Simpson Papers, 1905-1911, 1 cubic foot. Persons represented include James Albertus Tawney.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Gamaliel Bradford Papers, 1869-1911, 6 volumes. Correspondents include James Albertus Tawney

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: In the Gamaliel Bradford Papers, 1869-1911, 6 volumes. Correspondents include James Albertus Tawney.

Stanford University
Hoover Institution Archives

Stanford, CA
Papers: In the David Starr Jordan Papers, 1794-1950, 88 boxes. Correspondents include James A. Tawney.

University of California, Berkeley
The Bancroft Library

Berkeley, CA
Papers: In the Francis John Dyer Papers, 1864-1924, 1 box and 1 oversize folder. Correspondents include James A. Tawney.

Winona County Historical Society

Winona, MN
Papers: In Tawney family collection, 1918-1936. ca. 2 feet. Family letters and memorabilia, postdating his congressional service. Restricted.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Tawney, James Albertus. Address of Hon. Jas. A. Tawney, of Minnesota. Winona, Minn.: Republican and Herald, [1901?]

------. The islands of Hawaii--Are they to be a buttress or a menace to our western coast? Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1898.

------. Naval appropriation bill. Washington: [Government Printing Office], 1908.

Wyman, Roger E. "Insurgency in Minnesota: The Defeat of James A. Tawney in 1910." Minnesota History 40 (Fall 1967): 317-29.

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