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TALIAFERRO, John

1768–1852

Biography

TALIAFERRO, John, a Representative from Virginia; born on the estate, "Hays," near Fredericksburg, King George County, Va., in 1768; attended the common schools; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Fredericksburg, Va.; elected as a Republican to the Seventh Congress (March 4, 1801-March 3, 1803); as a Republican, successfully contested the election of John P. Hungerford to the Twelfth Congress and served from November 29, 1811, to March 3, 1813; unsuccessfully contested the election of John P. Hungerford to the Thirteenth Congress; elected as a Crawford Republican to the Eighteenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William L. Ball; reelected as an Adams candidate to the Nineteenth and Twentieth Congresses and reelected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the Twenty-first Congress and served from March 24, 1824, to March 3, 1831; reelected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the Twenty-fourth and elected as a Whig to the Twenty-fifth, Twenty-six, and Twenty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1835-March 3, 1843); chairman, Committee on Revolutionary Pensions (Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Congresses); librarian of the United States Treasury Department from 1850 until his death at his residence, "Hagley," near Fredericksburg, King George County, Va., August 12, 1852; interment on his farm, "Hagley."

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Brandeis University
Robert D. Farber University Archives and Special Collections Department

Waltham, MA
Papers: In the Daniel Webster Collection, 1841-1843, 5 linear feet. Correspondents include John Taliaferro.

The Copley Press
J.S. Copley Library

La Jolla, CA
Papers: 1829, 1 page. A letter from John Quincy Adams to John Taliaferro written on January 20, 1829. In the letter, Adams cites his reasons for not remitting the penalty for mail theft committed by Leland B. Rose: "among my motives for this seeming inflexibility has been a sense of the danger of making an exception, which would establish a precedent."

James Monroe Museum and Memorial Library

Fredericksburg, VA
Papers: In the James Monroe Financia, ca. 1809-1831, 79 items. Correspondents include John Taliaferro.
Papers: In the James Monroe Virginia General Assembly and U.S. Senate Papers, 1783-1790, 34 items. The papers include John Taliaferro’s letter reporting in 1786 that Monroe lost the election to Daniel Fitzhugh.

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore, MD
Papers: In the Outerbridge Horsey Collection of Lee, Horsey and Carroll Family Papers; 1684-1834, amount unknown. Persons represented include John Taliaferro.

The Morgan Library and Museum

New York, NY
Papers: 1838, 1 item. A letter from John Taliaferro to Joseph Gales, Jr., written on July 3, 1838. In the letter, Taliaferro writes concerning a dinner invitation.

New England Historic Genealogical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: In the John Wingate Thornton Papers, 1694-1884, 2 linear feet. Correspondents include John Taliaferro.

Princeton University Library
Mudd Manuscript Library

Princeton, NJ
Papers: In the Samuel L. Southard Papers, ca. 1783-1893, 73.6 linear feet. Persons represented include John Taliaferro.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: In the Josiah Simpson Papers, 1804-1805, 3 items. Persons represented include John Taliaferro.

University of Virginia
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the Conway Family Papers, 1732-1904, 12 items and 3 volumes. Persons represented include John Taliaferro.
Papers: In the Miller Family Papers, 1806-1914, 70 items. Correspondents include John Taliaferro.
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