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SUMTER, Thomas

1734–1832

Biography

SUMTER, Thomas, (grandfather of Thomas De Lage Sumter), a Representative and a Senator from South Carolina; born near Charlottesville, Va., August 14, 1734; received a limited schooling; fought in skirmishes against the Indians; moved to South Carolina about 1760 and opened a crossroads store near Nelson's Ferry; justice of the peace; served with the South Carolina troops throughout the Revolution; elected to the privy council in 1782; elected a Delegate to the Continental Congress in 1783, but declined to accept; served several terms in the State house of representatives; delegate to the State convention which ratified the Constitution, which he opposed; planter; elected to the First and Second Congresses (March 4, 1789-March 3, 1793); defeated for reelection in 1792; elected as a Democratic Republican to the Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Congresses and served from March 4, 1797, to December 15, 1801, when he resigned; elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate in December 1801 to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Charles Pinckney; reelected in 1805 and served from December 15, 1801, until his resignation on December 16, 1810; retired from public life and lived on his plantation, "South Mount," near Stateburg, S.C.; died at "South Mount," June 1, 1832; interment in the private burial ground on the family estate.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections

Ithaca, NY
Papers: Portraits in Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume X, Miscellany, 1764-1805; and Volume XI, Miscellany, 1755-1835.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1 item (1789) in the Gratz collection.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1761-1838. 3 containers. Finding aid.

Maine Historical Society

Portland, ME
Papers: 1 item (1790) in the Fogg autograph collection.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1804. 1 item.

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

Columbia, SC
Papers: 1 item (1789) in the Legislative papers.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division

Madison, WI
Papers: 1763-1872. 21 volumes. Personal, business, and congressional papers and correspondence. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: In Draper manuscripts, William Irvine papers, 1776-1834.

University of Michigan
William L. Clements Library

Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Significant number of letters in the Nathaniel Green papers.

University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library

Columbia, SC
Papers: 1764-1853, 1931. 34 items. Chiefly receipts, land papers, and business correspondence.
Additional Papers: Correspondence and reviews concerning publication of the biography, General Thomas Sumter, Gamecock (1961) in Robert Duncan Bass papers, 1955-1972; and correspondence in Pierce Butler letterbook, 1790-1794.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Bass, Robert Duncan. Gamecock: The Life and Campaigns of General Thomas Sumter. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1961.

Gregorie, Anne King. Thomas Sumter. Columbia, SC: R.L. Bryan Co., 1931.

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