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STOCKTON, Richard, (son of Richard Stockton, father of Robert Field Stockton, grandfather of John Potter Stockton, uncle of Richard Stockton Field), A Senator and a Representative from New Jersey; born in Princeton, N.J., April 17, 1764; tutored privately; graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1779; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1784 and commenced practice in Princeton, N.J.; elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Frederick Frelinghuysen and served from November 12, 1796, to March 3, 1799; declined to be a candidate for reelection; unsuccessful candidate for governor of New Jersey in 1801, 1803, and 1804; elected as a Federalist to the Thirteenth Congress (March 4, 1813-March 3, 1815); declined to be a candidate for renomination to the Fourteenth Congress; resumed the practice of his profession; died at 'Morven,' near Princeton, Mercer County, N.J., March 7, 1828; interment in Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, N.J.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 2 items.

Brown University

Providence, RI
Papers: 1 letter (March 31, 1794) to John Nicholson; and 1 letter (September 30, 1820) to his daughter, Caroline Stockton Rotch.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Hopkinson family papers, 1735-1863.

Historical Society of Princeton

Princeton, NJ
Papers: In Stockton family papers, 1774-1911. 5.5 feet. Finding aid.

New Jersey Historical Society

Newark, NJ
Papers: Items in Louis Bamberger autograph collection, 1855-1944; Miscellaneous Manuscripts, 1664-1956; New York and New Jersey Boundary Dispute collection, 1663-1872; Quick-Garretson family papers, 1763-1868; Rutherfurd family papers, 1760-1845; and Tomkins family papers, 1795-1869; plus miscellaneous items in various collections and portrait.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1792-1823. 13 items.

Princeton University
Seeley G. Mudd Library

Princeton, NJ
Papers: In Stockton family papers, 1700-1866 (bulk 1775-1850). Personal, business, and estate papers.

Rowan University
Archives and Special Collections, Campbell Library

Glassboro, NJ
Papers: October 18, 1802. 1 letter. To Elias Boudinot concerning Rush-Boudinot mint controversy and New Jersey elections, 1802.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives

New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: 1787-1826. 11 letters.

Union College
Schaffer Library Special Collections

Schenectady, NY
Papers: 2 letters (1897) in College letter file.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Stockton, Thomas Coates. The Stockton Family of New Jersey and Other Stocktons. Washington: Carnahan Press, 1911.

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