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SMITH, William Loughton



SMITH, William Loughton, a Representative from South Carolina; born in Charleston, S.C., in 1758; attended preparatory schools in England 1770-1774; studied law in the Middle Temple at London, England, in 1774; pursued higher studies in Geneva 1774-1778; returned to Charleston, S.C., in 1783; was admitted to the bar in 1784 and commenced practice in Charleston; engaged in agricultural pursuits on his estate near Charleston; member of the privy council in 1784; member of the state house of representatives 1787-1788; warden of the city of Charleston in 1786; elected as a Pro-Administration candidate to the First, Second and Third Congresses and reelected as a Federalist to the Fourth and Fifth Congresses and served from March 4, 1789, until July 10, 1797, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Elections (Third Congress), Committee on Ways and Means (Fourth and Fifth Congresses); appointed United States Minister to Portugal and Spain on July 10, 1797, and served until September 9, 1801, when he took leave of absence; commissioned Minister to the Ottoman Porte on February 11, 1799, but did not reach that court; returned to Charleston; unsuccessful Federalist candidate for election in 1804, 1806, and 1808 to the Ninth, Tenth, and Eleventh Congresses; lieutenant in the state militia in 1808; again a member of the state house of representatives in 1808; president of the Santee Canal Co.; vice president of the Charleston Library Society and of the St. Cecilia Society; died in Charleston, S.C., December 19, 1812; interment in St. Philip's Churchyard.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: At least 5 letters (1790) in the Coxe papers.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1788-1801. 1 container.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: August 12, 1807; September 25, 1808. 2 letters. Finding aid in repository.

New York Public Library

New York, NY
Papers: At least 1 item (1790) in the Thomas Addis Emmet collection.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: At least 1 item (1790).

Rutgers University
Alexander Library

New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: At least 1 item (1790) in the Brunswick papers.

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

Columbia, SC
Papers: At least 1 item (1789) in the Legislative Papers.

South Carolina Historical Society

Charleston, SC
Papers: 1774-1832. 2 feet. Correspondence, travel journals, financial accounts, estate papers, and writings.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Madison, James. Speech in the House of Representatives of the Congress of the United States, delivered January 14, 1794 / by James Madison of Virginia in support of his propositions for the promotion of the commerce of the United States, and in reply to William Smith of South-Carolina. New-York: Printed at Greenleaf's Press, 1794.

Rogers, George C. Evolution of a Federalist: William Loughton Smith of Charleston (1758-1812). Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1962.

Smith, William Loughton. An address from William Smith of South Carolina, to his constituents. Philadelphia: N.p., printed in the year 1794.

------. American arguments for British rights. South Carolina: Printed at Charlestown, South Carolina, 1806.

------. A candid examination of the objections to the treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation, between the United States and Great Britain: As stated in the report of the committee, appointed by the citizens of the United States, in Charleston, South-Carolina / by a Citizen of South Carolina. Charleston: Printed by W.P. Young, July 31, 1795.

------. A comparative view of the constitutions of the several states with each other. City of Washington: Thompson and Homans, 1832.

------. A comparative view of the constitutions of the several states with each other, and with that of the United States: Exhibiting in tables the prominent features of each constitution, and classing together their most important provisions under the several heads of administration: With notes and observations. Philadelphia: Printed by John Thompson and sold by all the booksellers in the United States, 1796.

------. Journal of William Loughton Smith, 1790-1791. Edited by Albert Matthews. Cambridge: The University Press, 1917.

------. An oration, delivered in St. Philip's Church. Printed by W. P. Young, no.43, Broad-street, Charleston [1796].

------. The politicks and views of a certain party displayed. [United States]: N.p., Printed in the year 1792.

------. The pretensions of Thomas Jefferson to the presidency examined: And the charges against John Adams refuted: Addressed to the citizens of American in general, and particularly to the electors of the president. United States: N.p., October[-November] 1796.

------. The speech of Mr. Smith, of South Carolina: In the House of Representatives of the United States, on the subject of reduction of the public debt, December 1794. [Philadelphia: N.p.,1795].

------. The speeches of Mr. Smith, of South Carolina, delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, in January, 1794: On the subject of certain commercial regulations, proposed by Mr. Madison. Philadelphia: N.p., 1794.

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Committee Assignments

  • House Committee - Ways and Means - Chair
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