SICKLES, Daniel Edgar

SICKLES, Daniel Edgar
Image courtesy of Library of Congress.
1819–1914

Biography

SICKLES, Daniel Edgar, a Representative from New York; born in New York City, N.Y., October 20, 1819; attended New York University; apprenticed as a printer; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1846 and commenced practice in New York City; member, New York state assembly, 1847; corporation attorney, 1853; secretary of the legation at London by appointment of President Franklin Pierce, 1853-1855; member, New York state senate, 1856-1857; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1857-March 3, 1861); was not a candidate for renomination in 1860; served in the Civil War as colonel of the Seventeenth Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry, and brigadier general and major general of Volunteers; retired with rank of major general, April 14, 1869; awarded the Medal of Honor, October 30, 1897, for action at the Battle of Gettysburg; entrusted with a special mission to the South American Republics in 1865; chairman, New York State Civil Service Commission, 1888-1889; sheriff, New York City, 1890; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-third Congress (March 4, 1893-March 3, 1895); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1894 to the Fifty-fourth Congress; resided in New York City, N.Y., until his death there May 3, 1914; interment in Arlington National Cemetery.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1851-1913, approximately 200 items. Correspondence, 1851-1913, of Union general, congressman, and diplomat Daniel Edgar Sickles. Letters relate to the 1899 investigation of the New York State Soldier's and Sailor's Home, in Bath, New York; his service during the Civil War; and to his varied business and personal interests afterwards. Of particular note are letters and clippings pertaining to Sickles' notorious trial in 1859 following the shooting of Phillip Barton Key, including the original letter of Feb. 24, 1859, initialed "R. P. G.," informing Sickles of his wife's infidelity with Key.
Photographs: In the Mathew B. Brady Studio Portrait Photograph Collection ca. 1856-1869, 6.5 linear feet. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Papers: In the Erie Railway Records, ca. 1836-1878, approximately 125 items. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Photographs: In the Pach Brothers Portrait Photograph Collection, ca. 1867-1947, 4.86 linear feet. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Brown University
John Hay Library

Providence, RI
Papers: ca. 1882-1890, 3 items. Letters from Daniel Edgar Sickles to General General Joseph B. Carr. [1] [ca.1882].--Asks for early copy of Statistics of '82. [2] 1883, April 7.--Thanks Carr for copy of Red Book for 1883. [3] 1890, March 26.--Speaker Haskel was concerned when told that Sickles and associates would resign if their recommendations were ignored.

The California Library

Sacramento, CA
Papers: 1850, 2 items. A letter from Frank Lawton to Daniel E. Sickles written on January 8, 1850. In the letter, Lawton discusses the gold rush.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 4 boxes (ca. 1956) in the W.A. Swanberg papers. Manuscript notes, correspondence, proofs, and illustrations for biography of Sickles. Finding aid in repository.
Papers: In the Historical and Literary Letters and Documents, 1674-1970s, 2 linear feet. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

Cornell University Library

Ithaca, NY
Papers: 1900, 1 page. A letter from Secretary, Office of State Civil Service Commission, State of New York, to Hon. Daniel E. Sickles, President, Board of Trustees, Soldiers' and Sailors' Home. The letter was written on February 7, 1900 and informing the Hon. Daniel E. Sickles that the position of Commandant in the State Soldiers' and Sailors' Home in Bath has been placed in the exempt class.

Dartmouth College
Rauner Special Collections Library

Hanover, NH
Papers: 1888, 4 pages. A letter from Daniel Edgar Sickles to Jas. N. Manning written on January 6, 1888. In the letter, Sickles writes to arrange a meeting at his residence.
Papers: In the David Leigh Letter to Henry Drumgold, 1862-1864, 22 items. Subjects include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

Duke University Library
David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1856-1912, 24 items. Letters from Sickles to William A. Weaver of Harper's monthly, concerning publication, political events before the Civil War, and Reconstruction; administrative telegrams of Sickles (Jan. 1866) while military governor of South Carolina; and a letterpress book (1899-1912) with information about Sickles' role in the Civil War, the Gettysburg Campaign, his personal, business, and financial affairs, his admiration of President James Buchanan, New York City politics, U.S. imperialism and foreign relations after the 1850s, North-South relations after the Civil War, and Civil War veterans' activities.
Papers: In the Romeyn Beck Ayres Letters, 1864-1912, 4 items. Correspondents include Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Papers: In the Albert H. Van Deusen Papers, 1881-1902, 17 items. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

Folger Shakespeare Library

Washington, DC
Papers: 1889, 2 items. An autograph letter and calling card signed from Daniel Edgar Sickles to Augustin Daly [manuscript], 1889.
Papers: In the Autograph letters signed and telegrams from Sir Henry Irving to various recipients [manuscript], 1860-1904, 222 items. Correspondents include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Manuscripts Department

San Marino, CA
Papers: In the Elizabeth P. Hincks Diary, 1868, 154 pages. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Papers: In the Barney (Hiram) Collection, ca. 1772-1924, approximately 8,300 pieces. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Papers: In the George Tate Papers, 1854-1908, 28 pieces. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1821-1918. 5 containers. Correspondence, speeches, documents, clippings, printed matter, legal and financial papers, and other material, relating to his diplomatic service and to his service in U.S. House of Representatives and as chairman of the New York Monuments Commission. Also on microfilm (5 reels).
Papers: In the C.B. Comstock Papers, ca. 1847-1908, 1.6 linear feet. Correspondents include Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Papers: In the Laura Jones Crawford Journal, 1838-1859, 1 item. A journal (1859 January 1-April 16) primarily concerned with domestic matters but giving occasional references to current events in the Washington area, such as the shooting of Philip Barton Key by Daniel E. Sickles.
Papers: In the Charles N. Elliot Collection, 1873-1951, 0.4 linear foot. Correspondents include Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Papers: In the Hamilton Fish Papers, ca. 1732-1914, 85 linear feet. Correspondents include Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Papers: In the Ulysses S. Grant Papers, ca. 1843-1969, 50,000 items. Correspondents include Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Papers: In the Horatio King papers, ca. 1832-1906, 3 linear feet. Correspondents include Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Papers: In the E. B. Washburne Papers, ca. 1829-1889, 31.4 linear feet. Correspondents include Daniel Edgar Sickles.
Papers: In the John Russell Young Papers, ca. 1843-1959, 12.4 linear feet. Correspondents include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

Maine Historical Society

Portland, ME
Papers: In the Lot M. Morrill Papers, 1852-1894, .025 linear foot. Correspondents include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

Minnesota Historical Society

St. Paul, MN
Papers: In the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, Minnesota Commandery Organizational Records, 1866-1953, 16.4 cubic feet. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1859, 1 item. A letter from Daniel Edgar Sickles to A.D. Farnsworth written on December 29, 1859.
Papers: 1869, 1 item. A letter from Daniel Edgar Sickles to Michael Scanlan written on May 31, 1869. In the letter, Sickles recommends a Mr. Griffin who had been on his detective staff in the Carolinas.

New York Public Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1841-1914, 1 linear foot. The collection consists of correspondence and newsclippings pertaining to Daniel Edgar Sickles's activities. His correspondence, 1841-1914, is with friends, political associates and Civil War veterans on subjects such as veterans' organizations, war memorials, state and national politics, and his ministry to Spain. His wife's correspondence, 1856-1862, is also included. Newsclippings, 1867-1914, concern the Civil War, veterans' reunions, and Sickles's political career.
Papers: 1870-1874. 4 volumes. Letter books while Minister to Spain.
Papers: In the William Hobart Royce Papers, 1941-1943, 0.4 linear foot. The collection consists of William Royce's correspondence with Edgcumb Pinchon regarding Royce's research for Pinchon's book: Dan Sickles, Hero of Gettysburg and Yankee King of Spain (1945). Also, several accounts and miscellaneous items.

New York State Archives

Albany, NY
Papers: In the Unfiled correspondence and other records relating to appointments, charges and complaints against public officials, extraditions, and proclamations, 1862-1930, 1.1 cubic foot. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

New York State Library

Albany, NY
Papers: 1856-1911, 15 items. A group of letters related to Daniel Edgar Sickles' long and varied career in the military and government. Includes a letter of May 23, 1861 regarding the need for the federal government to provide subsistence for the Excelsior Brigade; an undated letter to John N. Coyne detailing the Battle of Fredericksburg; letter of August 28, 1891 in regards to the dedication of the Rensselaer County Soldiers and Sailors Monument in Troy, New York.

North Carolina State Archives

Raleigh, NC
Papers: In the Jonathan Worth Papers, 1831-1889, approximately 5,300 items. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

Syracuse University Library
Special Collections Research Center

Syracuse, NY
Papers: In the John Russell Young Correspondence, 1890-1905, 29 items. Correspondents include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

University of California, Berkeley
The Bancroft Library

Berkeley, CA
Photographs: In the Inventory of Portraits from the American Civil War Era [graphic], ca. 1860-ca. 1879, 267 items. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

University of Chicago Library
Special Collections Research Center

Chicago, IL
Papers: 1862, 1 item. A letter from Edwin D. Morgan to Edwin McMasters Stanton written on October 4, 1862. In the letter, Morgan requests that some of the new regiments from New York be assigned to Brigadier General Sickles's command.
Papers: ca. 1864, 1 item. A letter from Daniel Edgar Sickles to Ira Harris written on around December 20, 1864. In the letter, Sickles writes concerning active duty for officers who have been wounded.
Papers: 1865, 1 item. A letter from Daniel Edgar Sickles to Ulysses S. Grant written on August 28, 1865. In the letter, Sickles requests the assignment of officers for staff duty.
Papers: 1865, 1 item. A letter from Daniel Edgar Sickles to Theodore Shelton Bowers written on October 9, 1865. In the letter, Sickles requests aids de camp and other assistance.
Papers: 1866, 1 item. A letter from Daniel Edgar Sickles to Theodore Shelton Bowers written on March 7, 1866. In the letter, Sickles writes relating to southern newspapers that are hostile to the "United States Authorities."
Papers: 1893, 1 item. A letter from Daniel Edgar Sickles to an unknown general written on March 26, 1893. Sickles signs the letter: "Relates to the "Supply Bill."
Papers: 1896, 1 item. A letter from Edmund Clarence Stedman to Daniel Edgar Sickels written on March 11, 1896. In the letter, Stedman writes that he regrets he cannot accept an invitation.

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
The Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: In the Thomas M. Aldrich Papers, 1911-1913, 3 items. Persons represented include General Daniel Edgar Sickles.

University of Virginia
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the William Allen Butler Papers, 1854-1894, 9 items. Persons represented include Daniel Edgar Sickles.

Wisconsin Historical Society

Madison, WI
Papers: 1886, 1 folder. A letter from Daniel Edgar Sickles to the editor of the National Tribune, thanking him for an article that had appeared in the paper on the Third Army Corps reunion.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Brandt, Nat. The Congressman Who Got Away with Murder. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1991.

De Fontaine, Felix Gregory, reporter. Trial of the Hon. Daniel E. Sickles for shooting Philip Barton Key. . . February 27th, 1859. New York: R. M. De Witt, 1859.

Keneally, Thomas. American Scoundrel: The Life of the Notorious Civil War General Dan Sickles. New York: Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, 2002.

Pinchon, Edgcumb. Dan Sickles, Hero of Gettysburg and "Yankee King of Spain." Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran and Company, Inc. 1945.

Sauers, Richard Allen. A Caspian Sea of Ink: The Meade-Sickles Controversy. Baltimore: Butternut and Blue, 1989.

Sickles, Daniel Edgar. Address delivered in Boston before the Hooker Association of Massachusetts by Major General Daniel Edgar Sickles. Norwood, Mass.: Norwood Press, 1911 [?].

------. Argument of the Hon. Daniel E. Sickles. Albany: J. Munsell, 1857.

------. Fourth of July in Charleston. Reprinted from the Charleston Courier. Charleston, S.C.: N.p.,1867.

------. New Phases of the Revolution---How to Meet Them. N.p., 1861.

------. Oration delivered by Major General D. E. Sickles, U.S.A., before the Society of the Army of the Potomac, at Fredericksburg, Va., May 25, 1900. N.p.: Printed for the Society of the Army of the Potomac, 1900.

------. The Revolution of 1860: A Speech delivered by Mr. Sickles, of C. Scribner's Sons, in the House of Representatives. Washington: McGill and Witherow, printers, 1861.

------. Speech of Hon. Daniel E. Sickles, of N.Y., on the State of the Union, delivered in the House of Representatives, Dec. 10, 1860, on the motion to excuse Hon. Mr. Hawkins, of Florida, from serving on the Committee of One from each state, to which was referred so much of the President's message as relates to the secession of states from the Union. [Washington: McGill & Witherow, printer, 1860].

------. Speeches of Mr. [John E.] Bouligny of Louisiana, and Mr. Sickles of New York delivered in the House of Representatives, February 5, 1861. N.p., 1861.

------. U.S. Army. 2nd Military District. Charleston. Major General D. E. Sickles' Report to the General in Chief of the Army, relating to the issue made by the civil authorities with the Commanding General of the Second Military District. Washington, [?]: N.p., 1867.

------, ed. Sober Second Thought for the Presidential Campaign of 1844. New York: N.p., 1844.

Swanberg, W. A. Sickles the Incredible. New York: Scribner, 1956.

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