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SHERMAN, Roger, (father–in–law of Samuel Hoar, father–in–law of Simeon Baldwin, grandfather of George Frisbie Hoar, grandfather of Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar, great–grandfather of Rockwood Hoar, great–grandfather of Sherman Hoar, great–great–grandfather of Henry Sherman Boutell), A Delegate, a Representative, and a Senator from Connecticut; born in Newton, Mass., April 19, 1721; moved with his parents to Stoughton (now Canton), Mass., in 1723; attended the public schools; learned the shoemaker's trade; moved to New Milford, Conn., in 1743; surveyor of New Haven County in 1745; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1754 and practiced; member, Connecticut assembly 1755-1756, 1758-1761, 1764-1766; justice of the peace for Litchfield County 1755-1761, and of the quorum 1759-1761; moved to New Haven, Conn., in June 1761; justice of the peace and member of the court 1765-1766; member, State senate 1766-1785; judge of the superior court 1766-1767, 1773-1788; member of the council of safety 1777-1779; Member of the Continental Congress 1774-1781, and 1784; a signer of the Declaration of Independence and a member of the committee which drafted it; member of the committee to prepare the Articles of Confederation; the only Member of the Continental Congress who signed the Declaration of 1774, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Federal Constitution; mayor of New Haven from 1784 until his death; delegate to the Federal Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and one of the signers of the Constitution; elected to the First Congress (March 4, 1789-March 3, 1791); elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William S. Johnson and served from June 13, 1791, until his death in New Haven, Conn., July 23, 1793; interment in Grove Street Cemetery in New Haven (formerly known as New Haven City Burying Ground).

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Boston Public Library

Boston, MA
Papers: 2 letters.

Brown University

Providence, RI
Papers: 1789-1790. 3 items.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York, NY
Papers: 2 letters (June 2 and 3, 1779) in the John Jay collection.

Connecticut Historical Society

Hartford, CT
Papers: 98 items (1752-1791) in various collections. Includes political correspondence, a memorandum book, and a print. Finding aid.

Connecticut State Library

Hartford, CT
Papers: In Sherman family papers, 1764-1841. Additional correspondence and documents in various collections. Finding aid.

Copley Press, Inc.
J. S. Copley Library

La Jolla, CA
Papers: 1789. 1 item.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections

Ithaca, NY
Papers: 1 letter (May 5, 1778) to Sherman in Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume IV, Miscellany, 1756-1807; portrait in Volume V, Miscellany, 1764-1792; and a portrait in Volume VII, Miscellany, 1764-1792.

Harvard University
Houghton Library

Cambridge, MA
Papers: 1 item (1790) in the Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 2 items (1790, 1791) in the Gratz collection.

Jervis Public Library

Rome, NY
Papers: 1 letter (1782) concerning import duties and continental loan in the Huntington autograph book; and 1 letter (1784) concerning military stores in Connecticut in the Thomas C. Bright autograph collection.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1746-1827. 4 containers. Also transcripts of 10 letters (1777-1789) in the Peter Force collection.

Massachusetts Historical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: 32 items (1741-1792) in various collections. Finding aid.

New England Historic Genealogical Society

Boston, MA
Papers: Autographs in Old Manuscripts collections, 1629-1963.

New Haven Colony Historical Society
Whitney Library

New Haven, CT
Papers: In Sherman family papers, 1745-1941. Ca. 60 items and 5 volumes. Miscellaneous papers of Roger Sherman, signer of the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution, including legal documents, a few papers from his surveying work, and ledger (1761-1770) from his mercantile business, correspondence, deeds, financial records relating to political affairs, and duties as judge and justice of the peace. Contains complaint against Benedict Arnold and warrant signed by Sherman for Arnold's arrest. Finding aid.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: December 26, 1763; January 27, 1767; August 20, 1777. 3 letters.

New York Public Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1789. 1 item.

Pierpont Morgan Library

New York, NY
Papers: 1780-1789. 6 items.

Rosenbach Museum and Library

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1756-1784. 4 items. Letter and documents.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives

New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: 1 item (1790) in the Philip and Elsie Sang collection of Signers of the Declaration of Independence.

Smithsonian Institution
National Museum of American History

Washington, DC
Papers: 1789. 2 letters.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections

Stanford, CA
Papers: In Timothy Hopkins collection, 1683-1839; and Elmer E. Robinson collection, 1765-1950.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives

New Haven, CT
Papers: 1749-1904. 1 linear foot. Chiefly personal correspondence, together with reports, legal records, financial documents and genealogical material. Includes letters on the Revolution, the New Haven Convention of 1778, and the Constitutional Convention, account book with notes on the New Haven Convention, and papers relating to his service as justice of the peace and a surveyor. Available on 1 microfilm reel. Finding aid.
Papers: Correspondence in Jacob Eliot family papers, 1716-1945; Waterbury family papers, 1750-1897; 13 letters (1783-1796) to Henry Gibbs in Gibbs family papers, 1718-1893; and in Louis Mayer Rabinowitz collection, 1676-1957 (bulk 1765-1915).
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Boardman, Roger Sherman. Roger Sherman, Signer and Statesman. 1938. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1971.

Boutell, Lewis Henry. The Life of Roger Sherman. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co., 1896.

Boyd, Julian P. "Roger Sherman: Portrait of a Cordwainer Statesman." New England Quarterly 5 (1932): 221-36.

Collier, Christopher. Roger Sherman's Connecticut: Yankee Politics and the American Revolution. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1971.

Gerbr, Scott D. "Roger Sherman and the Bill of Rights." Polity 28 (Summer 1996): 521-540.

Hall, Mark David. Roger Sherman and the Creation of the American Republic. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Hoar, George Frisbie. The Connecticut Compromise. Roger Sherman, the Author of the Plan of Equal Representation of the States in the Senate, and Representation of the People in Proportion to Numbers in the House. Worcester, MA: Press of C. Hamilton, 1903.

Rommel, John G. Connecticut's Yankee Patriot: Roger Sherman. Hartford: American Revolution Bicentennial Commission of Connecticut, 1980.

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