Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object


VALLANDIGHAM, Clement Laird, (uncle of John A. McMahon), a Representative from Ohio; born in New Lisbon, Columbiana County, Ohio, July 29, 1820; attended a classical school conducted by his father and Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pa.; moved to Maryland and for two years was a preceptor in Union Academy at Snow Hill; moved to New Lisbon, Ohio, in 1840; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1842 and commenced practice in Dayton, Ohio; member of the State house of representatives in 1845 and 1846; edited the Western Empire 1847-1849; was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1852 to the Thirty-third Congress and in 1854 to the Thirty-fourth Congress; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1856, 1864, and 1868; successfully contested as a Democrat the election of Lewis D. Campbell to the Thirty-fifth Congress; reelected to the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses and served from May 25, 1858, to March 3, 1863; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1862 to the Thirty-eighth Congress; arrested by the Union military authorities in 1863 for treasonable utterance and banished to the Confederate States; went from Wilmington, N.C., to Bermuda and thence to Canada, where he remained until June 1864; during his exile was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Governor of Ohio in 1863; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States House of Representatives in 1868; died in Lebanon, Ohio, June 17, 1871; interment in Woodland Cemetery, Dayton, Ohio.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: In the Manton Marble Papers, ca. 1838-1916, 20.8 linear feet. Correspondents include Clement L. Vallandigham.
Papers: In the William Medill Papers, 1834-1864, 2.4 linear feet. Correspondents include Clement L. Vallandigham.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts

New York, NY
Papers: 1862, 1 item. A letter from Clement Vallandigham to an unidentified recipient written on January 1, 1862. In the letter, Vallandigham writes that he will soon speak at length on peace, war and the present state of the Union, and commenting on slavery.

New-York Historical Society

New York, NY
Papers: 1859-1871. 4 letters. Also portrait, cartoon, and newspaper clippings, all undated. Finding aid in repository.

Ohio Historical Society

Columbus, OH
Papers: 1849-1858, 2 items. A letter, July 4, 1849, from Clement Laird Vallandigham, subscribing to the "Presbyterian" for one year, and a note, Dec. 10, 1858, requesting a set of Brightley's Digest of the Laws of the U.S., and Bentons Abridgements of the debates.
Papers: 1863, 1 item. A letter from Clement Vallandigham written on May 21, 1863 as he leaves Cincinnati to comply with Lincoln's judgment is written to Horatio Seymour of Albany, New York. Vallandigham gives an account of his deportation to "Dixie" and thanks Seymour for his support. He gives his opinion of the Democratic movement and how he can use this action to their favor.
Papers: 1863-1866 and 1969, 32 items. Photocopies of research gathered for an undergraduate thesis on Clement Vallandigham by Arnold Shankman. Included are photocopies of Vallandigham letters (1863-1866), and Shankman's original thesis.
Papers: 1865, 1 item. A letter from Clement Vallandigham to James W. Wall written on November 26, 1865. In the letter, Vallandigham includes introductory notes by Charles H. Coleman. The original letter is at the New York Historical Society.
Papers: 1868, 2 items. A letter, March 16, 1868, from Clement L. Vallandigham to [James Walter] Wall, setting forth what he believes should be their collective strategy against the War Democrats in the party. The letter is written on the reverse of a printed letter, which notes that Vallandigham has taken over the editorship of the Dayton "Ledger," but in the manuscript portion of the letter he notes he will not edit it but control its editorial policy.
Papers: 1871, 1 item. A letter from Clement Vallandigham to A.H. Siegfriend written on March 4, 1871. In the letter, Vallandigham writes that he would be willing to lecture before a "fair audience" in New Albany.
Papers: In the Alexander Boys Papers, 1826-1868, 0.5 cubic foot. Other authors include Clement Vallandigham.
Papers: In the William Medill Papers, 1836-1856, 1.5 cubic feet. Other authors include Clement Vallandigham.
Papers: In the Charles Elmer Rice Papers, 1735-1924, 3 cubic feet. Other authors include Clement Vallandigham.

University of Chicago Library
Butler-Gunsaulus Collection

Chicago, IL
Papers: ca. 1854, 1 item. A letter from Clement Vallandigham to Coffin and Mitchell written around June 20, 1854. In the letter, Vallandigham refers to a court case.

Western Reserve Historical Society

Cleveland, OH
Papers: In the Vallandigham and Laird Family Papers, 1793-1871, 0.2 linear foot. Persons represented include Clement Vallandigham.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Klement, Frank L. Limits of Dissent: Clement L. Vallandigham and the Civil War. New York: J. Walter & Co., 1864. Reprint, Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1970.

Shankman, Arnold, ed. "Vallandigham's Arrest and the 1863 Dayton Riot-Two Letters." Ohio History 79 (Spring 1970): 119-23.

Vallandigham, Clement Laird. The Great Civil War in America. [Washington: N.p., 1863].

------. The Record of Hon. C. L. Vallandigham on Abolition, the Union, and the Civil War. 6th ed. Columbus, Ohio: J. Walter & Co., 1863.

------. Speech of Hon. C. L. Vallandigham. Marysville, [Calif.]: Printed at the Daily California Express Office, 1863.

------. Speeches, arguments, addresses, and letters of Clement L. Vallandigham. New York: J. Walter & Co., 1864.

Vallandigham, James L. A Life of Clement L. Vallandigham. Baltimore: Turnbull Brothers, 1872.

Zornow, William Frank. "Clement L. Vallandigham and the Democratic Party in 1864." Bulletin of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio 19 (January 1961): 21-37.

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Historical Highlight