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RUTLEDGE, John, Jr., (son of John Rutledge and nephew of Edward Rutledge), a Representative from South Carolina; born in Charleston, S.C., in 1766; received private instruction and also attended school in Charleston and Philadelphia; studied law with his father; was admitted to the bar about 1787 and practiced in Charleston, S.C.; also engaged as a planter; member of the State house of representatives 1788-1794 and in 1811; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1794 to the Fourth Congress; elected as a Federalist to the Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Congresses (March 4, 1797-March 3, 1803); unsuccessful candidate for election to the Thirteenth Congress; commanded a company of the Twenty-eighth Regiment, South Carolina Militia, in 1799; promoted to major and in 1804 succeeded to the command of the regiment and served as its commander in the War of 1812; commanded the Seventh Brigade from 1816 until his death; died in Philadelphia, Pa., September 1, 1819; interment in Saint Peter's Episcopal Churchyard, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pa.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Duke University Library

Durham, NC
Papers: 1760-1862. 117 items and 2 volumes. Correspondence, travel journals, and other papers relating to family and business matters and ratification of Constitution in North Carolina. Card index in library; also described in published guide.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division

Washington, DC
Papers: 1801. 1 letter.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection

Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1782-1872. 663 items including 2 volumes and 6 photographs. In part photocopies. Family, political, and travel correspondence, material relating to business and personal matters, and letters from his congressional service. Unpublished finding aid and index in library.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Cometti, Elizabeth. "John Rutledge, Jr., Federalist." Journal of Southern History 13 (May 1947): 186-219.

Furlong, Patrick. "John Rutledge, Jr., and the Election of a Speaker of the House in 1799." William and Mary Quarterly 24 (July 1967): 432-36.

Ratzlaff, Robert K. "The Evolution of a Gentleman-Politician: John Rutledge, Jr. of South Carolina." Midwest Quarterly 27 (Autumn 1985): 77-95.

_____. "John Rutledge, Jr., South Carolina Federalist." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas, 1975.

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