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RUTHERFORD, Robert, a Representative from Virginia; born in Scotland, October 20, 1728; completed preparatory studies and was educated at the Royal College of Edinburgh; immigrated to the United States and settled in Berks County, Tenn., and subsequently moved to Virginia; delegate to the conventions in Richmond and Williamsburg, July and December 1775 and May 1776; served in the state senate 1776-1790; elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Third Congress and reelected as a Republican to the Fourth Congress (March 4, 1793-March 3, 1797); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1796 to the Fifth Congress; settled on his estate "Flowing Spring" near Charles Town, Va. (now West Virginia) and resided there until his death in October 1803; interment on "Flowing Spring" estate near Charles Town.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

Filson Club

Louisville, KY
Papers: In the James Crutcher Papers, 1785-1827, 22 items. The papers contain correspondence between James Crutcher and his cousin, Robert Rutherford (1728-1803), of Virginia, concerning James Crutcher's activities as land agent for his cousin in Kentucky, including material concerning land purchases, surveys, and tax payments.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the Powel Family Papers, Samuel Powel Section (1738-1793), 1729-1791, 0.5 linear foot. Robert Rutherford's letters to Samuel Powel during the 1780's provide interesting commentary on Samuel Powel's political stature.

University of Virginia
The Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library

Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the Letters and Engraving of Thomas Jefferson [multimedia], 1792-1873, 3 items. The papers include a letter from Thomas Jefferson to Robert Rutherford written on December 25, 1792. In the letter, Thomas Jefferson writes regarding uniform standards in weights and measures, now pending in Senate committee, and formerly considered by a House of Representatives committee; his preference for a decimal system; and whether the public is ready for reform.

Virginia State Library and Archives

Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Rutherford Family Papers, 1764-1819, 29 papers. Persons represented include Robert Rutherford.
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