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REUSS, Henry Schoellkopf

REUSS, Henry Schoellkopf
Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
1912–2002

Biography

REUSS, Henry Schoellkopf, a Representative from Wisconsin; born in Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wis., February 22, 1912; A.B., Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., 1933; L.L.B., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., 1936; lawyer, private practice; business executive; assistant corporation counsel for Milwaukee County, Wis., 1939-1940; counsel for United States Office of Price Administration, 1941-1942; United States Army, 1943-1945; chief of price control, Office of Military Government for Germany, 1945; deputy general counsel, the Marshall Plan, Paris, France, 1949; special prosecutor, grand jury, Milwaukee County, Wis., 1950; member of school board, Milwaukee, Wis., 1953-1954; member of legal advisory committee, United States National Resources Board, 1948-1952; unsuccessful candidate for mayor of Milwaukee, Wis., in 1960; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-fourth and to the thirteen succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1955-January 3, 1983); chair, Committee on Banking, Currency, and Housing (Ninety-fourth Congress); chair, Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs (Ninety-fifth and Ninety-sixth Congresses); chair, Joint Economic Committee (Ninety-seventh Congress); was not a candidate for reelection to the Ninety-eighth Congress in 1982; died on January 12, 2002, in San Rafael, Calif.; cremated.

View Record in the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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External Research Collections

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Milwaukee Manuscript Collection, Golda Meir Library

Milwaukee, WI
Papers: 1839-1982, 87 cubic feet. The papers document Henry S. Reuss's service in the U.S. House of Representatives and political career from 1955 through his retirement in 1982, and include files of Henry Reuss's field office in Milwaukee and congressional office in Washington. Most of the papers were created by Henry Reuss and his administrative assistants and consist of constituent communications, correspondence, legislative issue files, memoranda, press releases, project files, reports, research materials, speeches, and studies. The collection also contains a small quantity of audiovisual material, including sound recordings, films, and videotapes of speeches, interviews, and announcements made by Henry Reuss. The Milwaukee Office Records Series makes up the majority of the collection and contains subject and public relations files documenting Henry Reuss's legislative interests, including banking, economics, civil rights, conservation, transportation, and urban renewal. Also included with these records are memoranda, reports, project files, biographical data, personal memorabilia and photographs, and a small quantity of family records dating to 1839. Subjects covered in the records include business organizations, community groups, ethnic affairs, political issues, public relations, transportation, and urban redevelopment. The subject files document Henry Reuss's committee service, including the House Banking, Government Operations, and Joint Economic committees. The public relations files contain campaign materials, newsletters, press releases, speech transcripts, travel files, voting records, and publications by Henry Reuss. This collection is owned by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Archives Division, 816 State Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706.
Oral History: In the Wisconsin Democratic Party Oral History Project, 1982-1986, 1 interview. The project includes an interview with Henry Reuss.

John F. Kennedy Library

Boston, MA
Oral History: 1965, 97 pages.

Marquette University
Department of Special Collections and University Archives

Milwaukee, WI
Papers: Henry S. Reuss Peace Corps Records, ca. 1957-1980, 2.6 cubic feet. The paper include correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, and publications documenting Henry Reuss's proposal for a Point Four Youth Corps and public reaction to the plan, the founding of the Peace Corps (for which he drafted the authorizing legislation), the establishment of a binational Peace Corps project with West Germany, and the establishment of Peace Corps volunteer training programs at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and Marquette University. A finding aid for the papers is available in the repository.
Papers: Henry S. Reuss Menominee Indian Records, ca. 1952-1979, 1.6 cubic feet. The papers include correspondence and photographs documenting Henry S. Resuss's efforts while serving in the U.S. House of Representatives to restore Federal trust status to the Menominee Tribe and to preserve the wilderness character of the Wolf River.
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Bibliography / Further Reading

Ralph Nader Congress Project. Citizens Look at Congress: Henry S. Reuss, Democratic Representative from Wisconsin. Washington, D. C.: Grossman Publishers, 1972.

Reuss, Henry S. "Barriers to Democratic Rule." Social Action 30 (March 1964): 18-23.

___. The Critical Decade. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964.

___. When Government Was Good, Memories of a Life in Politics. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1999.

___. On The Trail of the Ice Age: A Guide to Wisconsin's Ice Age National Reserve and Trail for Hikers, Bikers, and Motorists. Sheboygan, WI: Ice Age Park and Trail Foundation, Inc., 1990.

___. Revenue-Sharing: Crutch or Catalyst for State and Local Governments? Foreword by Hubert H. Humphrey. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970.

___. To Save Our Cities: What Needs to be Done. Washington: Public Affairs Press, 1977.

Reuss, Henry S., and Margaret Reuss. The Unknown South of France: A History Buff's Guide. Boston: The Harvard Common Press, 1991.

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